Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Ruhe on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
Week 2 02112015 De nition l l 3 individuals working to achieve a common goal 5 essential components 1 Members people with distinct knowledge experiences skills etc who are recognized as belonging to the group 2 Interactions l generates meaning amp establishes relationships 3 Interdependence members in uenced by each other 4 Working l physicalmental effort used to achieve goals 5 Common goal l purposeobjective Guides action sets standard Ideal group size The ideal group size for a problemsolving discussion is three to nine members Groups of ten or more members tend to be less effective Systems theory Examines how interdependent factors affect one another Recognizes that communication is part of a larger communication system Ex a group is a collection of interacting interdependent elements working together to form a complex whole that adapts to a changing environment Types of groups Primary provides affection support belonging 0 Ex family Social l shares common interests in a friendly setting participate together in social activities 0 Ex close friend group sororityfraternity Selfhelp l supportencourage members who wantneed help 0 Ex AA weight watchers Learning help members gain knowledgedevelop skills 0 Ex classmates book club Work I achieve goals for an organization 0 Ex business team Public discuss issues on behalf of the public 0 Ex online forum government groups Service assist a worthy cause for people outside the group 0 Ex food drive Civic support a worthy cause for people within the group 0 Ex veterans groups PTA Synchronous v Asynchronis Synchronus l instant ex voice call skype Asynchronis l noninstant ex text email Advantagesdigadvantages from working in grouns Superior resources More time energy amp resources Member satisfaction social Con icts Learning People problems Cultural understanding Creativity Civic engagement advantages typically outweigh disadvantages 0 but it depends on the task 0 critical question quothow do we make groups more effective amp efficient o Synergy the whole is greater than the sum of the parts Nature of group communication Theory statement to explainpredict Helps explain what is occurring Strategy effective strategies are based on theories w l a speci c ability that helps groups carry out tasks Basic elements of group communication process Members recognized as belonging to the group Context l physicalpsychological environment in which a group communicates 0 Important factors group size working conditions relationships Channels media means in which message travels between members Feedback verbalnonverbal responses to a message Helps members asses how well others interpret their messages Noise l external physical ex sounds amp internal attitudes opinions that interferes with messages Group balance Balanced groups have 0 Empowerment l group v individual empowerment Potency l balance of power Meaningfulness l everyone has to feel they are contributing Autonomy l selfsufficiency 0 Impact task has to be important Relational dialects theorygroup dialectics Dialect l middle ground between 2 opposite ideas 0 Individual v Group Conforming v Individuality Structure v Spontaneity Etc Optimal groun exnerience Includes 0 Highly motivated members Committed amp inspired members Worthy goal Empowerment l l no senior leader everyone contributes equally Ethics Requires lots of communication and understanding Not everything is black amp white
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