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Ch. 12 - Adulthood: Body and Mind

by: Mieke

Ch. 12 - Adulthood: Body and Mind 2070

Marketplace > University of Denver > Psychlogy > 2070 > Ch 12 Adulthood Body and Mind
GPA 3.74
Child and Lifespan Development
Dr. Jennifer Joy

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Here are the notes for November 2, 2015 on Adulthood, hope you find them helpful!!
Child and Lifespan Development
Dr. Jennifer Joy
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mieke on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2070 at University of Denver taught by Dr. Jennifer Joy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Child and Lifespan Development in Psychlogy at University of Denver.


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Date Created: 11/03/15
Ch 12 Adulthood Body and Mind November 2 2015 1 Adulthood age 2565 2 The Aging Process 3 4 5 6 a b Senescence a gradual physical decline related to aging and during which the body becomes less strongefficient Physical Appearance i By 30 skin becomes thinnerless flexible and wrinkles become visible ii By 60 all faces have wrinkles Sense Organs a b Vision i Nearsightedness Increases gradually in the 20s ii Farsightedness the lens becomes less elastic and cornea flattens by middle age iii Young adults may have either but older adults generally have both Heanng i Usually doesn t decline until 60 Sexual Responsiveness a b c d e 1 Arousal occurs more slowly and orgasm takes longer Distress at slower responsiveness is associated with anxiety relationships and expectations rather than aging Infertility i Male sperm count ii Female anything that impairs physical functioning 1 Le pelvic inflammatory disease Restoring Fertility i Assisted Reproductive Technology ART ii In vitro fertilization IVR Menopause ovulation and menstruation stop on average at age 50 Hormone replacement therapy is a controversial way to help women with the symptoms Andropause male menopause occurring on average between 40 and 50 years of age This is a controversial term not entirely accepted Measuring Health a b c d Morality Death Morbidity Disease Disability Inability to do what you usually can Vitality Life force Adult Health is more related to habits than hormones a Tobacco b d i Decline in US over the last 50 years ii However the worldwide trend is not as promising iii Smoking is affected by social norms laws and advertizing Alcohol i In Moderation 1 Reduces coronary heart diseasestroke 2 Increases good cholesterol and reduces bad 3 Lowers blood pressure and glucose ii Heavy drinking Harmful Overeating i US facts 1 6070 of US adults are overweight 2 50 of those overweight are obese and 6 are morbidly obese Regular physical activity protects against illness i Sitting long hours correlates with almost every unhealthy condition ii A little movement is good but more movement is ideal iii Two factors help adults keep a physical routine 1 Friendship if you have a person relying on you to show up you39re more likely to go 2 Access 7 Gender Variations in Health a b Women live longer than men about 5 years Men die younger of homicide suicide etc However women suffer more on other measures i Superficial signs of aging ii Higher rates of depression 8 Socioeconomic those who are welleducated and financially secure live longer 9 Coping with Stress a b c d Stressor any situation that causes stress Allostatic load the total combined burden of stress and disease a person must cope with Problem focused coping tackle a stressful issue directly Emotion focused coping change feelings about the stressor rather than changing the stressor itself 10 Cognition in Adulthood The Aging Brain a b c Difficulty with multitasking Need for sleep Serious brain confusion i Dementia is uncommon before age 65 less than 1 have it before 65 ii Four factors make Dementia more common before 65 1 Drug abuse including alcohol 2 Excessive stress 3 Viruses 4 Poor Circulation 11 Definition of Intelligence a 2 Clusters Cattell i Fluid innate ability vs crystallized acquired b 3 Clusters Sternberg i Analytic school creative valuesdesires and practical daily life c 9 Clusters Cultural Variation Gardner i Linguistic logicalmathematical musical social understanding interpersonal intelligence self understanding intrapersonal intelligence and existential intelligence 12 Expertise a Expert someone who is notably more skilledknowledgeable than the average person about whichever activities are personally meaningful b Characteristics of Expert Thought i Expertise is Intuitive ii Expertise is Automatic iii Expertise is Strategic iv Expertise is Flexible 13 Maslow Hierarchy of Needs a One must meet all needs in one tier before the next b Generativity vs Stagnation i Generativity what I put out to support others ie mentoring helping the growth of others ii Stagnation stuck 14 Social Clock a Based on social norms b Driving drinking voting getting married signing a mortgage and being entitled to retirement benefits 15 Personality a Genes parental practices culture and adult circumstances all contribute b Substantial continuity 16 Choosing a lifestyle a Choose social context ecological niche b Select vocations mates neighborhoods and settling down c Age 3050 more stability in personality than at any other age 17 GenderPersonality a Women contentiousness and agreeableness b Men extroversion and openness c Gender convergence menwomen become more similar as they move though middleage 18 Intimacy a Lifelong b Relatives friends coworkers romantic partners c Social convoy squad i Collectively the people who move through life with an individual 19 Friends a Most crucial members of the social convoy b Practical helpuseful advice when serious problems arise c Friendships tend to improve with age 20 Family a Fictive kin chosen family i Some people choose to create their own families if they feel they are not getting enough support from their family 21 Committed Partners a Less than 15 of people are married before age 25 but 85 are married by age 40 22 Caregiving a Kinkeeper a caregiver responsible for coordinating the family b Sandwich Generation must take care of parents and siblings May be forced into the role of Kinkeeper 23 Employment a Relative depravation people compare themselves to the group and are satisfied if they39re no worse off than the group b Positive outcomes of employment i Developuse personal skills ii Aidadvice coworkers as a mentorfriend iii Support education and health of families iv Contribute to community c Extrinsic awards tangible benefits money d Intrinsic awards intangible benefits satisfaction selfesteem and pride


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