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Soc 205 Week 11 Notes

by: Angelina Notetaker

Soc 205 Week 11 Notes Soc 205 002

Angelina Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

The topic for this week of notes is going over major trends in crime rates over the last couple of decades. We also start to discuss major hypotheses and we will then narrow into certain main expla...
Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Maria B. Velez
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 205 002 at University of New Mexico taught by Maria B. Velez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System in Sociology at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 11/03/15
Soc 205 Week 11 Notes Objectives   Go over major trends (special focus on US) in crime rates over the last couple of decades   Discuss major hypotheses  We will then narrow into certain main explanations Table 1  Important things to notice: o All nations   The trend of crime (homicide)                                                                        seems to be going down over                                                                          time o Central & Southern America  While some nations are going                                                                         down in crime over time there                                                                        are still some nations that going                                                                      up in crime for many different                                                                        reasons like under reporting crimes o Europe & The Caribbean  Is the closest of nations to stay below the all nations line which shows that crime is going down but at a slow time o  North America   Is the nations out of all other nations to have crime go down faster over  time  Looking at Different Trends that could have led to Declining Crime Rates  Table 2 Table 3 Table 4  Important things to notice o During the time of this graph the videos                                                                     “when kids get life” and “Central Park 5”                                                                  were the events going on in this time period. o In this time many citizens believed that crime                                                            was going up but in reality crime was going                                                              down fast. But lots of Variability at the Tract (Neighborhood level) Table 5       Table 6        Table 7  Evaluating the Hypothesis  Farrell (R3) suggests 5 benchmarks 1. Reasonable hypothesis? 2. Does it work across other nations 3. Compatible with other explanations of crime increases 4. Compatible with rises in phone theft and e­crimes 5. Compatible with timing and trajectories of crime falls both between countries and  crime types Why Only the Security Hypothesis?  Think about the 5 benchmarks from Farrell  1. It makes sense that more security means less crime opportunity  2. Has worked in other countries  3. Timing of security important for explaining crime declines  4. Compatible with rise in phone theft and e­crimes  5. Compatible with timing and trajectories of crime falls both down between  countries and crime types Some Caveats  Farrell paints a picture that is “too simple”  Security hypothesis only seems to work for property crime  Not quite “empirical” – no analysis shown End of Week 11 notes!  Also Week 12 Notes will hopefully be upload by next Friday or Saturday at the latest.  Thank you for using Studysoup!


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