New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 6 Notes- History 1A

by: Sarah Doberneck

Week 6 Notes- History 1A History 1A

Sarah Doberneck

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from 11/2 and 11/4 lectures leading up the the mid term examination. Covers Greek historians, the Peloponnesian war, King Alexander and Philip, as well as Greek philosophy.
Introduction to Western Civilization: Ancient Civilizations, Prehistory to circa A.D. 843
Dr. Phillips
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Western Civilization: Ancient Civilizations, Prehistory to circa A.D. 843

Popular in History

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Doberneck on Wednesday November 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1A at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Dr. Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Western Civilization: Ancient Civilizations, Prehistory to circa A.D. 843 in History at University of California - Los Angeles.


Reviews for Week 6 Notes- History 1A


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 11/04/15
Thucydides   Immediate successor to Herodotus  Represents a crucial step in the development of historiography  o In his histories, the gods don't play a direct role Human causation alone o  Was referred to as First scientific historian  o We now realize that both historians have strengths and weaknesses o Thucydides, never cites sources, writes more authoritative history but doesn't  back it up, might be biased but we only have his account do we can’t check  o Herodotus identifies his sources, but is still biased  His causes of the Great War o Proximate causes­ o Corinthian causes o Truest allegation/ultimate cause of the war is identified as the growth of the  Athenian empire and the reaction of fear that this provokes in Sparta   Archidamian War (431­421)  Started with Sparta attacking Athens  Was actually the Hellenic league of Sparta. Against the Delian league of Athens  Fought based on their individual strengths  o “the elephant and the whale” o Athens is very good at naval combat, does okay on land o Sparta has a bad navy but is very good on land   plague at Athens 430­429 o Athens strategy was to be in the defense and just sit tight, making sure they had  access to the sea so they didn't starve o Was a disaster when a plague swept through and killed 1 in 3 Athenians o  Pericls, the guy in charge died  Pylos­Sphacteria, 425    Amphipolis, 424/3 o Sparta Offered chance to have peace, Athens says no  o So Amphipolis is a very important city to Athens, it had a lot of good lumber and  gold mines o Sparta focus their efforts on taking this very important city and succeed o As a result, Thucydides is exiled because his job was to protect the city, allowing  him to travel and collect information for his history   Peace of Nicias (421­413)  Most of the people truly want an end to the war o Athens and Sparta are ready to end the war o Other Spartans allies, such as Corinth, don't want peace and act like the treaty was never signed  Went from physical war to a sort of Cold War, with aggressive actions in between  physical fighting    Alcibiades and the Sicilian expedition (415­413) o Largest military expedition since the invasion of Persia     Hermocopid conspiracy o A hermocopid is a small monument for Hermes o One night, the hundreds of herms throughout the city were all destroyed, right  before they were preparing to travel for the Sicilian expedition    profanation of the Mysteries (415) Deceleian War (413­404)  occupation of Deceleia, an Athenian city, by Sparta o Used as the center of Spartan operations o Athenian economy dwindles to practically nothing    Persian question o Both Athens and Sparta send ambassador s to Persia asking for help, Persia helps  Sparta   Revolution of 411: a “tale of two cities” (Athens, Samos) o Athenian government changes to  oligarchy, Samos revolts o Samos creates their own New Democratic government claiming they are the legit  Athenian government o After just a few months, Athens returns to a democracy Xenophon, Hellenica  Continued where Thucydides left off  His history is the most important continuation of the Peloponnesian war  Arginusae (406) o Small island off of lesbos o Next Athenian opportunity to win the war o Athenians win this battle, but a storm comes in and destroys many of the ships  and sailors stranded on these ships o Athens tries, convicts, and executes 6 of their generals because they failed to save  the sailors   Aegospotami (405) o Athenian navy slowly dwindles, keep losing battles, refuse peace treaty o Sparta successfully gains control of the sea and starves them out  Surrender of Athens (404) o Sparta don't trust Athens o Create an oligarchy in Athens to control them 30 Tyrants  Spartan oligarchy   Reign for 8 months  Truly a reign of terror, o 1500 executed, 5000 exiled o Exiled because they're wealthy or a democratic sympathizer  The exiled people fight back o Athenian democracy is restored Amnesty   Violation in the letter  Violation in spirit  o Trial of Socrates o Charged with impiety and corrupting the youth  o Socrates had been the teacher of Critias, who ended up being part of the thirty  tyrants o Socrates gives 3 speeches  One when he is on trial, he is said to be guilty   One during the part where they choose the punishment, more people vote  to kill him than they did to convict him BC his speech alienated him  Last speech afterward o Later historians admit that the reason Socrates was out to death was because he  had a connection to the 30 tyrants King Philip II  All mainland Greek and south of come together under  leadership and form the league of  Corinth in 337 o First act if the league is to form an alliance with Phillip o They then declare war on the Persians, which was Philips goal all along  He is assassinated in 336 Alexander III (The Great)   Lived from 356­323, reigned from 336­323  Stage 1: Alexander's war against Darius the third  o 334 – Battle of Granicus River, Alexander wins nearly at the cost of his own life.  This victory gave him control of Asian minor o 333 – Battle of Issus  Defeats the Persian army that outnumbers him 3:1. Spreads through Asia  Minor o 331 – He arrives in Egypt, there is no resistance because the Egyptians hate being  ruled by the Persians, the Persian empire surrender without a fight, Alexander is  named pharaoh of Egypt  Alexander goes to the religious shrine in North Africa, Amon­Zeus in the  Libyan desert  He is told that he is the son of Amon/Zeus, starts pro calming this and  alienating his people because they know he's not and he's acting like a Persian o 331 – Gaugamela: another battle against Darius, Darius flees and his army runs  away with him  Darius dies in 330, and alexander becomes king of Persia by right of  conquest   They complain that he begins acting like a traditional Persian King instead of a Macedonian King   Alexander tries to implement a traditional Persian practice where upon  seeing the king, they have to bow down and essentially worship him. The  Macedonians refuse to do this because they know he just a human and it's  ridiculous in their opinion  because they hardly even do that with the gods.  Stage 2: Alexander's campaign against the inland Persian empire, known as the Drive to  Persis (331­330)  Stage 3: India campaign  (327­325) o Alexander wanted to go even farther than the Persians, and starts conquering  India o His troops say they've had enough and start a mutiny in Hyphasis around 326 o Eventually had to give up and go home o Very dangerous journey back, but they make it  Returns home 324. Makes changes o First, he decided to integrate the Macedonian and Persian troops on all levels  The Macedonians revel because they think am expander is going to  replace them all  He just replaces the Macedonians who are too old or sick to continue with  Persians o Tries to make the league of Corinth recognize him as a god, process known as  deification in 324  They do this so that he doesn't send his army after them o Dies in 323  Died after having too much to drink, eventually lost his senses and was  sick for 13 days  The end of the Classical Period, and beginning of Hellenistic period   Philosophy  Comes from Greek word meaning love of wisdom   Started in Ionia which is in Asian minor during the early 6  entury, with the first of the  Greek philosopher Thales o Early philosophy started with questioning what we came from  Believed everything was made from one element, but didn't know what  that one  Thales thought it was water, Anaximander thought it was “the infinite”,  Anaximenes thought it was air th th o Pythagoras, another Pre Socratic philosopher (late 6  to early 5  century BC  Obsessed with numbers   Belief in the transmigration of souls th th o Heracleitus (late 6  early 5  century)  Believed original element was fire  Says that everything is in a constant state of flux, meaning everything is  changing. You can't step into the same river twice because everything flows  o Xenophanes (570­503)  Believes that the gods wouldn't act like humans do, and criticizes how  homer portrayed the gods  Challenges the portrayal of gods, saying that the only reason the gods look like them is because they do  He believed in a single God who was not like mortals in body or thought   Founded a school in southern Italy, which the philosopher Zeno was  taught in o Zeno of Elea (Early 5  century)  Put forth many paradoxes that challenged traditional thinking  Second paradox   Achilles and a tortoise decide to have a race. Achilles gives the  tortoise a head start. Zeno says that because a line is supposed to be a  bunch of infinite points in finite time, Achilles can never catch up to the  tortoise and neither will ever finish the race o Empedocles (492­432)   Decided there's not one original element, but 4: earth eater air fire  Says they are all 4 original elements, and matter comes in all different  forms because they are given different ratios of each element  This theory lasted through the Middle Ages  th o Leucippus and Democritus (late 5  century)  Atomic theories   The Sophists  o Concerned with the teaching of rhetoric because public speaking was very  important o Protagoras (490­420)  Denial of absolute truth   The big three  o Socrates (470­399)  Fundamental problem with studying him because he didn't write anything  down about his philosophy  We rely on what his student Plato has written down   Someone went to an oracle and was told that Socrates was the wisest man  on earth  Decided that this was because he is the only one hero recognizes  his own ignorance  Interest in ethics and human behavior  Virtue and knowledge are identical because the person who knows what's  right and has that knowledge will do that which is right  Public figure, not always liked  Put on trial for impiety and corrupting the youth   Ultimately is killed because Critus was his student and also one of  the 30 tyrants  Within two generations of the execution was revealed that  although at the time they said it was because of his political views, it was  actually this connection o Plato (428­347)  Skips town for a little bit, comes back and starts his own school  Allegory of the cave: you have a group of prisoners who have spent their  entire lives in the cave facing the wall. There are images reflected from the fire  through a screen into the wall. One prisoner escapes, and realizes their whole  lives had been a lie. He returns to the cave to tell his fellow prisoners who then  kill him. Can be seen as a parallel to Socrates being killed o Aristotle  (384­322)  Theological doctrine of formal causation  "Man is a political animal"­ man is an animal that lives in a polis


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.