Drugs of Abuse and Behavior - Week8 Notes
Drugs of Abuse and Behavior - Week8 Notes PSYC 3346
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Saiz on Wednesday November 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3346 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Adolfo J. Alvarez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Drugs of Abuse and Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 11/04/15
Week 8 Drugs of Abuse and Behavior 9 I Nervous System In terms of the nervous system OPIOIDS are DEPRESSANTS Neuromodulators Endorphins morphinelike substance inside the body Opioids are agonists for neuromodulators enkephalins endorphins and dynorphins Receptors 3 have been found for these neuromodulators Mu Delta Kappa they act on inhibitory receptors ll Routes of Administration quickest route is pulmonary smoking next is IV intravenous injection can be snorted tablet form oraly through liquid form transdermally as a patch absorbed through the skin Ill Origin opiates drugs that are natural come from opium itself opioids synthetic made drugs from opium Qpiates Semisynthetic Synthetic opium heroin fentanyl morphine methadone codeine IV Medical Uses go back thousands of years used for pain relief also used for fractures morphine very potent is a Schedule II drug used for moderatesevere pain 9 analgesia an means without ges means pain Nociception ability to feel pain Fentanyl is the most potent of all opioids used in child birth for epidural injections Also used for diarrhea Imodium that green medicine for diarrhea amp upset stomach also used as a cough suppressant and methadone used to wean people off of the heroin addiction Narcotics has two meanings in the context of law all illegal drugs are called narcotics including crack marijuana meth in the context of medicine two divisions of narcotics can be differentiated in the analgesics NonNarcotic Narcotic Advil Bayer Tylenol aspirin Morphine Tyleno w codeine acetaminophen w codeine for minor pains nonpsychoactive for all kinds of pain these are pleasurable and have addiction potential Potency opium is less potent than morphine 1898 heroin made by Bayer company fentany is about 50x more potent than heroin LSD is the most potent drug because micrograms give off the desired effect of the drug fentany is a Schedule II drug heroin is a Schedule drug solely illegal with no medical use HLoin Schedule people go to desperate means to get their high Street Names dope some people use this term for any illegal drug horse H smack in Mexico it s called tecata or chiva 39unkie was the term that was used for addicts who lost everything because they would go to junkyards to steal metal to sell it for money to buy more heroin I I speedbal cocaine mixed with heroin it mellows the high or reduces potency of cocaine crash herojuana putting heroin in a marijuana joint brown heroin poppies from Mexico produce brown heroin called Black Tar China White refers to its origin in China and is stronger than Black Tar referred to for designerfentanyl illegally named Poppies grow here in El Paso on the Franklin Mountains but have no psychoactive drug in them inmates that take part in drug program get up to one year off their sentence by law they had to make drug programs available to inmates most inmates only join the program for sentence reduction not to fix their drug habit but research shows it s still effective we were told about some Superintendent for EPISD who went to jail and was admitted to the drug program and got 11 months off his sentence and people were upset that he didn t serve the intended amount of time VI Acute NonDesirable Effects according to the DSM Opioid induced intoxication Continued in week 9 notes
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