ANTH 101 Week 12 Notes
ANTH 101 Week 12 Notes ANTH 101 (Anthropology Julie Jenkins)
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ANTH 101 (Anthropology Julie Jenkins)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Notetaker on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 (Anthropology Julie Jenkins) at Ball State University taught by Dr. Julie Jenkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Intro to cultural anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
3/29/16 Marriage Continued ● Polyandry: having multiple husbands ○ Uncommon ○ Occurs occasionally around the Himalayas, Tibet, Nepal, South India, and Sri Lanka ■ Ideal in that region, but becoming less common ○ Fraternal polyandry: marrying men who are biological brothers ■ Ideal because there is a limited amount of land, so this keeps the land in one family ● Preserves the farm, as there is not enough land to be distributed among multiple male heirs ■ Sex is a tricky business ● The wife must make sure she does not favor one brother over the others ○ Sometimes a schedule is made ■ Collective paternity ● If a husband leaves the marriage, any children in that marriage will remain with the wife and the other brothers ○ Open polyandry: multiple husbands, and possibly multiple wives ■ Starts with a monogamy, and a second husband may be added later to fill an economic need ● The second husband may bring a woman he is already married to, and everyone is married to everyone ■ Group marriage, but not group sex Group Marriage vs. Polyamory ● Polyamory: being in love (and in a relationship) with multiple people ○ There is no secrecy; it is by nature very open ● Group marriage usually has more economic than emotional motivations Marriage Defined? ● A culturally recognized committed relationship between people ● People publicly declaring affection (recognized by outside group) ● Classic Anthropological definition includes: ○ Culturally defined ○ Between a man and a woman of different families ○ Regulates sex ○ Legitimizes children ○ Establishes rights and obligations ● Marriage between women ○ Can happen in Nigeria and Sudan ○ Two women get married, and one takes on the masculine role of the husband (female husband) ○ How do they have children? ■ A sperm donor is needed for the technical aspects of the process ● The man is not considered part of the family ● Paternity lies with the female husband ○ The women may have a sexual relationship, but not always