AHS 102 Week 10 Notes Dr. Phillips
AHS 102 Week 10 Notes Dr. Phillips AHS 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
AHS 102 Week 10 Romanticism (mid 18 and 19 century) Continued Work to Know: The Raft of the Medusa, Gericault o Huge painting o Based on true story about a ship (Medusa) wrecked and people surviving on a raft o People going crazy - pushed to physical and mental limits o Corpses on raft, limbs cannibalized o The wave of people reflects the wave in distance o Moment of the rescue o Man at top is African Gericault was an abolitionist Depicts the African man as the hero Work to know: The Death of Sardanapalus by Eugene Delacroix o Disturbing mix of sensuality and violence o Story Sardanapalus was an Assyrian General A quote of his: “Physical gratification is the only purpose of life” He thought he won against Rebels (who hated him for being so rich) He partied, then the rebels came back Sardanapalus burnt himself, riches, and concubines on a pyre because he was going to lose o Looks disturbingly calm and all the chaos o Violent picture, but has sensual tactile objects o Meant to make viewer uncomfortable Romanticism in England Work to Know: The Nightmare by Henri Fuseli o Woman having a nightmare o Incubus = a monster or demon that visits women that night and has sex with them (erm, rape) o Ghost horse in background equals unbridled sexual desire o Juxtaposition of themes intended to jar the viewer Artist: J M W Turner o Influences modern artists o Was an abolitionist Work to Know: The Slave Ship by J.M.W. Turner o Story Slaves getting sick Insurance covered slaves who fell overboard, not those who died from illness. Also, ship would be quarantined upon landing AHS 102 Week 10 Threw them overboard o Artist lets the viewer’s imagination take over- only suggests drowning (hand above water, chained together) and shark attack (churning water and seagulls). Romanticism in Spain Work to Know: The Family of Charles IV by Francisco de Goya o Goya included himself in the background o Paintings in the background = stories One of Lot and his daughters This was an insult implies that his family = cities of Sodom and Gomora and needed to be punished by God One of Charles’ daughters is looking back like Lot's daughter Daughter in story turns into a pillar of salt for looking back o All the family members look really dopey, airheaded, pudgy, and red-faced o Very unflattering, bold move by Francisco de Goya o Charles actually loved it and the insult went over his head The black paintings o Francisco de Goya had a great career as a court painter o When he went deaf he isolated himself and went deep into depression o Painted very gruesome works on the walls of his house Work to Know: Saturn devouring his Children by Francisco de Goya o The title says it all o Saturn looks crazy o Very bloody o Story tied to work we looked at previously, but didn’t have to know: The Birth of Venus Romanticism in Germany Work to Know: Sea of Ice by Caspar David Friedrich o The sublime/pantheism God is in everything or nature is the power of God Sublime = an overwhelming feeling of awe and terror; aka nature is more powerful than you Work to Know: Cross on the Baltic Sea by Caspar David Friedrich o The cross is an actual tree o Merging Christianity and nature o Did this in many of his works Work to Know: Cloister in the Graveyard by Caspar David Friedrich o A cloister is a monastery and the cathedral together o Sad and mournful - monks going to funeral o Cathedral in decay o Mighty feat of building the cathedral torn down by nature AHS 102 Week 10 The Development of Photography mid 19 century Characteristics of Photography o Seen as a scientific tool vs. an art form Industrialization o Drastic increase in distance between classes o Rich factory owners and dirt poor factory workers Important figures o Auguste Comte Positivism Science instead of religion to explain the world o Charles Darwin Contributed to the idea of dominance of science and technology o Karl Marx Commentator on new industrial life Early photography o Louis Daguere Daguerreotype Photograph His photographic process looked like a painted still life – similar way of setting up objects Photography not unique yet o William Henry Fox Talbot Calotype Very still objects like the Daguerreotype (slow shutter speed) Not as detailed as the Daguerreotype Came out at the same time o Eadweard Muybridge Used camera for quick snap shots Work to Know: Horse Galloping by Muybridge o Precursor to movies Realism 1840 - 1864 mid 19th century Characteristics of Realism o Oddly, the style is not particularly realistic o Paintings are from real life, not imagination (from lived experience) o Focus on medium specific art AHS 102 Week 10 Medium specific = if a painting, emphasize the flatness of the surface. If architecture, make it as big and tall as possible o Dark color palettes o Starts in France Work to Know: The Stone Breakers by Gustave Courbet o He was a Marxist o Beginnings of the influence of photography on painting o Looser, sketchier painting emphasizing the qualities of painting itself (medium specific art) o Old man and younger boy Generational poverty, no upward mobility Dignity in their class o Faces of obscured - meant for the viewer to insert themselves Work to know: The Burial at Ornans Gustave Courbet o Upper class could only afford funerals o Rebellion in making private scene of mourning huge (very large scale painting) o Half of the “mourners” are looking the wrong way or not paying attention o Dog is an insult have so near to the grave The grave extends into the viewer's space It's your funeral Shows the disinterest of upper-class to the working class, cold and callous Artist: Rosa Bonheur o Posing as painter like Artemisia Gentileschi from prev. chapters o Study of the male nude was still forbidden to women so she painted animals instead o It was illegal and France to wear pants (for women) at the time o She petitioned to the government and won o She went to Fields farms and slaughterhouses and pants but wore regular clothing for women other times Work to know: The Horse Fair by Rosa Bonheur o Huge painting Women expected to paint small still lives (if even) Interlocutor = Rosa as male groomsmen winking Bold personality (Had 5 lion pets and painted them)! Artist Thomas Eakins - American realist Work to know: The Gross Clinic by Thomas Eakins o Dr. Samuel Gross was a surgeon Surgical theaters o The light = Enlightenment (or positivism and science) It's shining on the scientist, Dr. Gross mainly Emphasizing the hand and head = tools of a surgeon Also emphasizing the surgery itself AHS 102 Week 10 o Patient’s mother in the background Turning away, in shadows. Symbolizes old thinking. Impressionism 1860s to 1890 s or late 19th century Characteristics of Impressionism o Still based on lived experience o Radical abstraction o Capture the impression of nature Work to Know: Impression Sunrise by Claude Monet o Started the impressionist movement Baron Haussmann o Not an artist o City planner o His job was to redo the city of Paris o Haussmannization of Paris Tore down houses Added wide boulevards Put in a sewage system Made parks and added trees Work to know: Rouen Cathedral (Morning) by Monet Work to know: Rouen Cathedral (Sun) by Monet o En Plein Air painting Outside, not in studio Monet fascinated by how light completely changed the color/how something looked Painted subjects in all kinds of light/times of day
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