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AHS 102 Week 10 Notes Dr. Phillips

by: Sarah Gardner

AHS 102 Week 10 Notes Dr. Phillips AHS 102

Marketplace > Ball State University > Art History > AHS 102 > AHS 102 Week 10 Notes Dr Phillips
Sarah Gardner
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Romanticism (continued) to Impressionism. Ball State, Spring 2016, MWF, 12:00-12:50
History of Art Survey 2
Natalie E Phillips
Class Notes
Art History, Ball State
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 03/27/16
AHS 102 Week 10 Romanticism (mid 18 and 19 century) Continued  Work to Know: The Raft of the Medusa, Gericault o Huge painting o Based on true story about a ship (Medusa) wrecked and people surviving on a raft o People going crazy - pushed to physical and mental limits o Corpses on raft, limbs cannibalized o The wave of people reflects the wave in distance o Moment of the rescue o Man at top is African  Gericault was an abolitionist  Depicts the African man as the hero  Work to know: The Death of Sardanapalus by Eugene Delacroix o Disturbing mix of sensuality and violence o Story  Sardanapalus was an Assyrian General  A quote of his: “Physical gratification is the only purpose of life”  He thought he won against Rebels (who hated him for being so rich)  He partied, then the rebels came back  Sardanapalus burnt himself, riches, and concubines on a pyre because he was going to lose o Looks disturbingly calm and all the chaos o Violent picture, but has sensual tactile objects o Meant to make viewer uncomfortable Romanticism in England  Work to Know: The Nightmare by Henri Fuseli o Woman having a nightmare o Incubus = a monster or demon that visits women that night and has sex with them (erm, rape) o Ghost horse in background equals unbridled sexual desire o Juxtaposition of themes intended to jar the viewer  Artist: J M W Turner o Influences modern artists o Was an abolitionist  Work to Know: The Slave Ship by J.M.W. Turner o Story  Slaves getting sick  Insurance covered slaves who fell overboard, not those who died from illness. Also, ship would be quarantined upon landing AHS 102 Week 10  Threw them overboard o Artist lets the viewer’s imagination take over- only suggests drowning (hand above water, chained together) and shark attack (churning water and seagulls). Romanticism in Spain  Work to Know: The Family of Charles IV by Francisco de Goya o Goya included himself in the background o Paintings in the background = stories  One of Lot and his daughters  This was an insult implies that his family = cities of Sodom and Gomora and needed to be punished by God  One of Charles’ daughters is looking back like Lot's daughter  Daughter in story turns into a pillar of salt for looking back o All the family members look really dopey, airheaded, pudgy, and red-faced o Very unflattering, bold move by Francisco de Goya o Charles actually loved it and the insult went over his head  The black paintings o Francisco de Goya had a great career as a court painter o When he went deaf he isolated himself and went deep into depression o Painted very gruesome works on the walls of his house  Work to Know: Saturn devouring his Children by Francisco de Goya o The title says it all o Saturn looks crazy o Very bloody o Story tied to work we looked at previously, but didn’t have to know: The Birth of Venus Romanticism in Germany  Work to Know: Sea of Ice by Caspar David Friedrich o The sublime/pantheism  God is in everything or nature is the power of God  Sublime = an overwhelming feeling of awe and terror; aka nature is more powerful than you  Work to Know: Cross on the Baltic Sea by Caspar David Friedrich o The cross is an actual tree o Merging Christianity and nature o Did this in many of his works  Work to Know: Cloister in the Graveyard by Caspar David Friedrich o A cloister is a monastery and the cathedral together o Sad and mournful - monks going to funeral o Cathedral in decay o Mighty feat of building the cathedral torn down by nature AHS 102 Week 10 The Development of Photography mid 19 century  Characteristics of Photography o Seen as a scientific tool vs. an art form  Industrialization o Drastic increase in distance between classes o Rich factory owners and dirt poor factory workers  Important figures o Auguste Comte  Positivism  Science instead of religion to explain the world o Charles Darwin  Contributed to the idea of dominance of science and technology o Karl Marx  Commentator on new industrial life  Early photography o Louis Daguere  Daguerreotype  Photograph  His photographic process looked like a painted still life – similar way of setting up objects  Photography not unique yet o William Henry Fox Talbot  Calotype  Very still objects like the Daguerreotype (slow shutter speed)  Not as detailed as the Daguerreotype  Came out at the same time o Eadweard Muybridge  Used camera for quick snap shots  Work to Know: Horse Galloping by Muybridge o Precursor to movies Realism 1840 - 1864 mid 19th century  Characteristics of Realism o Oddly, the style is not particularly realistic o Paintings are from real life, not imagination (from lived experience) o Focus on medium specific art AHS 102 Week 10  Medium specific = if a painting, emphasize the flatness of the surface. If architecture, make it as big and tall as possible o Dark color palettes o Starts in France  Work to Know: The Stone Breakers by Gustave Courbet o He was a Marxist o Beginnings of the influence of photography on painting o Looser, sketchier painting emphasizing the qualities of painting itself (medium specific art) o Old man and younger boy  Generational poverty, no upward mobility  Dignity in their class o Faces of obscured - meant for the viewer to insert themselves  Work to know: The Burial at Ornans Gustave Courbet o Upper class could only afford funerals o Rebellion in making private scene of mourning huge (very large scale painting) o Half of the “mourners” are looking the wrong way or not paying attention o Dog is an insult have so near to the grave  The grave extends into the viewer's space  It's your funeral  Shows the disinterest of upper-class to the working class, cold and callous  Artist: Rosa Bonheur o Posing as painter like Artemisia Gentileschi from prev. chapters o Study of the male nude was still forbidden to women so she painted animals instead o It was illegal and France to wear pants (for women) at the time o She petitioned to the government and won o She went to Fields farms and slaughterhouses and pants but wore regular clothing for women other times  Work to know: The Horse Fair by Rosa Bonheur o Huge painting  Women expected to paint small still lives (if even)  Interlocutor = Rosa as male groomsmen winking  Bold personality  (Had 5 lion pets and painted them)!  Artist Thomas Eakins - American realist  Work to know: The Gross Clinic by Thomas Eakins o Dr. Samuel Gross was a surgeon  Surgical theaters o The light = Enlightenment (or positivism and science)  It's shining on the scientist, Dr. Gross mainly  Emphasizing the hand and head = tools of a surgeon  Also emphasizing the surgery itself AHS 102 Week 10 o Patient’s mother in the background  Turning away, in shadows. Symbolizes old thinking. Impressionism 1860s to 1890 s or late 19th century  Characteristics of Impressionism o Still based on lived experience o Radical abstraction o Capture the impression of nature  Work to Know: Impression Sunrise by Claude Monet o Started the impressionist movement  Baron Haussmann o Not an artist o City planner o His job was to redo the city of Paris o Haussmannization of Paris  Tore down houses  Added wide boulevards  Put in a sewage system  Made parks and added trees  Work to know: Rouen Cathedral (Morning) by Monet  Work to know: Rouen Cathedral (Sun) by Monet o En Plein Air painting  Outside, not in studio  Monet fascinated by how light completely changed the color/how something looked  Painted subjects in all kinds of light/times of day


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