Week 6 - Anthro Lecture Notes
Week 6 - Anthro Lecture Notes ANTH 161
Popular in World Cultures >2 >IC
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 161 at University of Oregon taught by Baxter D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World Cultures >2 >IC in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/05/15
Anthro 161 Gender Essay Prompt VVVV Word Count 14001600 words 45 pages Indicate word count on your essay Due Monday Nov 16th 6PM Online Sex and Gender gt Uses biological and physical differences to make socially meaningful categories o amp biological and physiological characteristics that de ne men and women 0 Gender socially constructed roles behaviors activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women Gender Roles cultural expectations of men and women in a particular society Gender Hierarchy ways in which culturally constructed male and female attributes are differentially valued and related to the distribution of resources prestige and power gt Transgender A person whose gender identity does not match the anatomical sex into which they were born 0 Consequently the socially de ned gender label assigned to match physical sex creates a con ict within the person to a greater or lesser degree Cultural Patterns and Differences gt Cultures vary in their construction of gender roles o In some females carried out public speaking and political roles o In some males managed households and were responsible for raising children gt However the above is NOT the norm gt General Pattern man provider woman stays at home gt Why is this the general patter o SocioBiologicalexplanations Based on ef ciency What were the primarycentral needs of huntergatherer societies Is this still true today How is technology impacting the sociobiological explanations Culturally Constructivist Explanation gt Generally cultural anthropology holds that gender is a cultural construct gt As children are enculturated they learn what kinds of behavior are perceived as masculine and feminine Sports and Gender Socialization Found that boys received more words of praise on average than the girls When girls made mistakes they went largely uncorrected Found that among girls each child was treated more or less the same Competition was fostered on boys Boys who played poorly received less time playing on the eld and less emotional support VVVVV Are there more than Two Sexes gt From a biological perspective sex is determined by three primary factors 0 Genital referring to external sexual organs 0 Gonads the internal sexual organs 0 Chromosome Patterns gt Hijras A Third Gender 0 Males often castrated who take the social role of women 0 In the past rural areas quotfeet in two worldsquot could bestow blessings 0 As lndia modernizedwesternized Hijras were devalued o Prostitution 0 About 6 million in India Today gt Sworn Virgins Albania 0 When no man in family Woman takes on male role Swears virginity All the privileges except sex of males Biological femalesocial role of male OOOO Substance and Gender gt Foraging Women had more autonomy and Power generally speaking gt Horticulture Varies but more on the egalitarian side horticulture and warfare gt Pastoralism Wide range but more towards gender inequality Agriculture and Gender gt Direct female contribution to food production generally drops drastically gt Women lose status as their economic contributions declines gt Women become identi ed with the domestic sphere gt Publicprivate split Industrialization and Gender gt Early industrialized states gender inequality remained high and at times increased gt Later industrializedcapitalist states gender inequality remains but women often gain ground economically and politically Anthro 161 Sexuaity De ning Sexuality gt Nature vs Culture gt De ning Sexuality The complex range of desires beliefs and behaviors that are related to erotic physical contact Global Perspective gt Opens up the knowledge ideas about sex the practice of sex differs among cultures gt Suriname 0 Mati Same gender 2 Nicaragua 0 Machismo and Sexuality gt Papua New Guinea 0 Bolnseminating Ritual Practices gt Lesotho 0 Same sex sex is not sex for women
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