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Slavery after the War

by: Lance Hawkins Jr.

Slavery after the War 372

Lance Hawkins Jr.
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

Week 11 notes on Slaves lives after the Revolutionary War.
The American Revolution
Dr. Martha Robinson
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lance Hawkins Jr. on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 372 at Clarion University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Martha Robinson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see The American Revolution in History at Clarion University of Pennsylvania.


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Date Created: 11/05/15
Slavery After the War Regional Distinction  North ­> fewer slaves ­ less central to economy  o Ways to get rid of slavery:  Legislative   1780 ­ PA Assembly ­ 4000 slaves/250000  people in PA o 1st Gradual Emancipation Laws o Mixed Percentage  Free/Slave  You are determined Free or Slave  based on status of Mother  Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery o Children born into slavery after 1780 ­>  free at age 28  child ­> limited work   years of labor  Free Slaves Immediately?  Cause Problem ­ property  owners  Goal ­ end slavery without  angering slave­owners o Born before 1780 ­ slave for life  Slavery declines in PA o Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery o PA Abolition Society ­ buy slaves and  free them o Masters ­ voluntarily free slaves  o Slaves run away  1790 ­ 1800 o 3,700 ­> 1,700 slaves in PA o In 1810 ­ 795 slaves in PA o In 1840 ­ 64 slaves in PA o In 1850 ­ No slaves in PA  Constitutional(Not U.S.)  State Constitution ­> 1777 ­ VT ­> Liberty! (Tiny Black Population)  Massachusetts and N. Hampshire o constitutional against slavery o Black people sue for freedom ­ white  juries ­> freedom  Plans for Gradual Emancipation o Intellectual Exercise: (Question)  Slavery exists in America  Rare ­ North  Common ­ Upper South  Extremely Common ­ Lower  South o SC ­> black majority  Slave Population growing(South)  natural increase  importation from Africa  Agriculture Economy o depends on  slavery(slave labor)  Moral/Political Questions  Religion ­ is slavery wrong? (debated)  Political ­> Rights/Free  Dangers  Revolt  Division slave states vs.  others o How to end it gradually?  Jefferson  End slave trade with Africa  Forbid it in all western  territories ­> No ­ South wants to spread and grow  Date ­ born after, freed in  adulthood ­> No  Constitution says:  Slave trade will continue at  least until 1808(20 years later) o Shove problem to next  generation o Congress can decide in  1808 ­ yes/no o they do end it in 1808  South ­ Entrenchment and Expansion o Why so different from North?  Economy ­> South depends on slavery  Major Crops: (All grown by slaves) o Rice o Indigo o Sugar    Population ­> larger   Differ on "What did the Revolution mean?"  Independence ­ states ­ making own  decisions o Right to property  including slaves o What states want?  Stability  Order  Peace  North see this as Individual Rights o uncomfortable concept  Fear of the Mob  South(White Southerners)  o sees this as Ordered Unequal  Hierarchical Society(Keep Distinctions) o And Property ­ slaves o South ­ Pro ­ Slavery  Revolution ­> property(no taxation without  representation) = South can keep slaves  Political ­> Rights   White men ­ Authority over others  Religious  Revolution ­> British ­ encouraged slaves to join  them  wanted white Southerners to fear slave revolt  slaves ran away  Freedom for slaves ­ implies chaos/fear  Money  wealth/Social Status ­ tied to slave owning  Reduced circumstances after war ­ slave  owning  


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