The South, Honor and Slavery
The South, Honor and Slavery HIST 1311-010
Popular in US history to 1865
Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Valeria Quintana on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 11/05/15
November 3 2015 In 1840 the south society really relied on cotton 0 Believed in principles of market but had different view on the way northerners believed o Depended on agriculture and the slaves o The rise of the institution of slavery Why does the civil war happen when it did In 1860 Test Question 0 Historians think about the cultural differences and it got to the point where it got so different that it outweigh the similarities and unity factors 0 The north and south got to different 0 Others say that the politicians of the past had always collaborated and the cause the civil war to the politicians they created the conditions for the war They didn t make the compromises that other generations did 0 James Henry Hammond he was a US senator governor of south Carolina had an affair with their slave and her daughter and involved in a pedophilia scandal with his niece under 17 years 0 Was really smart married rich 0 Political exile after and in the secession he represented North Carolina during the civil war 0 His wife discovered that he went from his slave to his daughter I He was living by the south s norms and he is an example of over stepping the line 0 The north had bigger populations and small population 0 The south had smaller population and half 58 were slaves o The upper south relied on Tobacco was not really big but still present hemp wheat I Iron 0 Lower south cotton labor intensive and profitable and sugar I The demand for cotton was big especially in the 19th century I Fits with the condition that can leave people to be selfsufficient alternate between the corn and cotton and hogs they allow people to survive in them 1830 south produced 300000 bales of cotton 1860 5 million bales were made part of the cotton used in the world came from the south really really rich Slaves became more common and profitable as cotton rose I 1790 700000 slave population in the US I 1860 4 million slave population in the US 0 Many of these people moved from Chesapeake because of their slaves as the tobacco planters moved to the south and to cotton to the lower south OOOO o The money they made was the deciding factor on why they decided to secede 0 Internal slave trade 1 million enslaved moved 23 through sale profit I Cotton is king meant people saw this as a way to make money 0 People needed slaves and land it was hard to get started for a pour man 0 Land is already taken and have to be able to farm I Starting capital is necessary I Thus the slave and cotton trade moved west 0 Land was cheaper get wife and eventually buy slaves o Southerners did not invent not the way they thought 0 Investment was in cotton not much economic diversity I Not much social mobility o In the south the slave holders population was small 0 Families with many slaves were few 0 Not many free men 0 Many slaves in the south I Power was concentrated in the planters and rich people 0 If you owned slaves 35 a year was what took to keep the slaves 0 Made 70 profits 0 By 1850 s a slave cost 15000 I Small powerful upper class With much pOWCI o The Virginia legislature 15 families had 40 seats 0 000 O 12 million in total in 1860 4 million enslaved 8 million free most white 1 in 4 whites landless 25 of whites owned slaves 12 of whites 20 slaves 1 owned more than 2000 slaves I Upward mobility is stunted they have a different perception than north 0 North think the technology hard work and discipline think they have hope for better future 0 Individual perfectible o In south means traditional conservative and central power 0 Consolidated power 0 Quintessential conservatives looked to Rome 0 Individuals part of organic society I Tree example the slaves and the rich families were very important 0 Not individual leaves a single slave people 0 Think about the past they understood the value of honor did not challenge the past order I They had a lot of roman and Greek architecture Honor in the south reputation for having courage and integrity 0 Strength was important amphad to be acknowledged I Reputations were important I Created different order some people can claim honor but they also have to be able to display that life style fashion courtship hospitality 0 Living large 0 Had slaves 0 Words were very important they had to fight for respect and reputations o Defending honor was very important 0 If someone besmirched you or family men had to be defended I Code Duello insult by social equal must be physically challenged manners ritual key I If a man insulted they had to defend their honor 0 A second is a best friend to mediate peace or help in the dual 0 Challenger can name weapon of choice pace differences 0 Men can fire into the air they have proved they have honor o The ritual was what was important 0 Has to be in an equal level 0 Can beat up people if they are beneath your station outside of his property 0 Can lose honor if you challenge people too often or don t defend your families honor or money 0 Cover people in tar and feathers if a person embarrasses or dishonor themselves for white people James Cotton was left by his wife by Matilda Cotton because he beat her and lost her money I Andrew Jackson challenged a man who insulted his wife Women in elite live display of their husbands honor 0 Can show how good they are by dressing well and being part of society I Had 6 or 7 children 0 Symbolic display of honor and the elites superiority 0 Women who are unhappy had to be quiet because their honor is tied to the women s I They could however travel a lot Marriage in the south was traditional contract the man was in charge not like the north they were old fashioned did not challenge rules of marriage just like they did not challenge slave relationship 0 Place of Yeoman class lower white pour 0 Make them take it bake by marking them physically I Brawled eyegouling were common 0 They thought that that the upper class that the era of the herrenvolk democracy I Ruled by the right white people I Protection against market infringement did not like the market revolution 0 Kept the transportation low yeoman did not want canals and railroads to stay isolated and away from the market revolution 0 Independent masters of households this is what the pour white men had marriage and slavery were linked 0 Both were organic relationships I Men owned their wives 0 Less RR development 0 Owned the right to be free November 5 2015 In antebellum north a marriage is seen as a contract where both can be held accountable In the north the reputation insulting is not worthy of challenging someone to a dual They can just take to court and talk it out 0 North individualism vs South honor culture the differences between them were notable The old south and slavery 0 South dependence on agriculture and slavery made political elites different from counterparts in the north 0 Regional pressures meant southemers had to soften public nature of slavery o In the south slavery in the south was economically successful I It was entrenched in the society 0 Even the founding fathers knew it would become a serious issue I Slave and master relationship they made psychological manipulation and political power in on the master side 0 The southern women did not really have property even slaves rights 0 White women in occasions abused slaves I Because of their own rights repression How do North and South differ on economic North South development What values should help to Individualism Honor family and cotton order society cotton is king How do upper class differ on The middle and upper class The upper class distinguished ideas about gender and families engaged in different themselves by acting with family culture to differentiate than honor both men and women the lower classes Political leadership There were elites but Tend to be more deferential deference sentiment was not in the political system and as much individual was the power was emphasized more The slaves in the south were not seen as someone who could have honor 0 Black enslaved people didn t have the ability to have honor in the eyes of white men 0 If slaves made fun of masters in parties the overseers were not supposed to take it to heart 0 Slaves could poke fun at masters find places where they could push back I Masters could not react due to the honor system 0 Low class white men can be in the system of honor and if they insult a better they could retaliate 0 Low class white men and slaves had a complicated relationship they were both pour and rocky relationship Masters altered slavery in the early 19th century from the colonial period In the colonial period COLONIAL SLAVERY 0 Slaves considered the African ethnicity important 0 Some still spoke their native language 0 White southerners understood that the African slaves had ethnic backgrounds that come from Africa 0 See them as very different people and ethnicity 0 Don t see them as people maybe don t get them clothes 0 Brutal punishments allowed harsh punishments physical o Fed them little food 0 17901810 slaves are not reproducing as much so they continue to buy inexpensive slaves from Africa 0 Toussaint Louverture a black led a Haiti revolution 0 US accepted French refugees but not their slaves I Created tensions 0 New lands opened up and farming cotton opened up after 1790 I After the cotton gin was invented these lands represented money 0 In the north they began the abolitionist movement I Supported people who I Antislavery were not for the slaves but they were against the institution and what it represented I Abolitionist were people how thought slavery was immoral o This was a radical position Quakers and enlightenment o Enslaved people became more similar in the culture of America I They held on to some of the African cultures religion but for the most part they adopted American customs creolized child of an immigrant I Message of the 2nd great awakening they began to convert to Christianity 0 White men started to encourage slaves to convert 0 Select texts were chosen but eventually they all came to know the story I Jewish people escape from Egypt is a story that masters did not want to hear 0 Psychology of slavery is difficult and full of contradictions o In colonial period treating them as live stock was not a problem I Haiti revolution showed that they might fight and pressure for more control over them grew 0 The control was not to be brutal but softer domestication od slavery 0 Master class change rules to control slaves 0 Now slavery no longer evil now is positive 0 Because they converted them to Christianity gave them food and civilization 0 Colonial period slavery is a necessary evil 0 After slavery is good for the slaves 0 Masters claimed paternalism they saw slaves as part of their family I Masters owed the slaves protection now I Slaves owed the masters responsibility and hard work 0 Changed treatment 0 Less autonomy 0 Better care 0 Religious education family 0 19th century fed them more than the 18th century master 0 However masters kept track of the monetary value and kept them as assets I Loans debt slaves were part of this 0 What kept the slave production in check was because slave population were internal manipulations of the planter class 0 Could use slave s humanity to keep them under control Slavery in the US was institutionalized was it because it was harsh Or because they had no other options Or because they were emotionally brainwashed