Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes PHIL 150A1
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Ruhe on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 150A1 at University of Arizona taught by Shaun Nichols in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Philosophical Perspectives on the Individual in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
Arguments for the existence of God 01232015 Cosmological argument 1 Prove there must be something that created the universe 2 Prove the creator has the properties of the JudeoChristian image of God Aquinas39 1st cause argument 1 There are sequences of causes in the world 2 Nothing causes itself 3 The strong of causes cannot extend in nitely back in time main point that most nd issue with 4 There must be a 1st cause which is God Samuel Clarke 0 More subtle Model 1 Model 2 Dependent Dependent Dependent being being being Dependent Dependent Dependent belng being being Depefldent Dependent belng being Model 2 l 1 0 Some like because there s always something previous to explain 0 BUT there s no explanation for why the theory exists so overall Model 2 is ABSURD William Rowe 1 Everything is either dependent or selfexistent Basis Principle of Suf cient Reason 2 Not every being is a dependent being 0 If every being was dependent then it would be an in nite series like Model 2 Clarke with no explanation Therefore there must be at least 1 independent being because nothing exists without reason 3 There exists a selfexistent being The argument is valid Are the premises true Principle of Suf cient Reason 0 Nothing is true unless there is a speci c reason or explanation o Rowe s rendition l everything that exists must either be explained by something else or itself 0 quotthere must be an explanation a of the existence of any being and b of any positive fact whateverquot Summary 0 Either there is a selfexistent being for why the universe exists or there is no explanation But there has to be an explanation because nothing exists without reason Therefore there must be a being whose existence explains itself
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