Contraception Psych 2070
Popular in Intro to Human Sexuality
Popular in Psychlogy
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alma G on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2070 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Swartout in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 11/05/15
Chapter 13 Contraception Lecture Notes Additional Notes I Contraception 0 Most popular in US birth control and female sterilization 0 Outside of US I Issues of SS knowledge religion gender roles power I Depends on the access people have I Women might not have control to BC 0 Motivation of contraception I Not wanting kids or STIs I Side effects for some people I If intercourse is frequent I Openness about sexuality I Who s at risk for unintended pregnancy 0 Single Black women of 2024 years that live below poverty level 0 Barrier Methods 0 Male condoms block sperm from entering uterus I Protects against pregnancy and STIs 8598 I Since 1850s had some form of male condoms I Advantages I Cheaper I No prescription needed I No side effects unless have allergies I Encourages male participation in birth control sharing responsibility I Disadvantages I Can break easily I Reduce sensation I Smell I Kills the mood to put on 0 Female condoms rings at both ends inserted I Protects against pregnancy and STIs 7995 I Advantages I Not that expensive I No prescription needed 0 Minimal side effects I Not made of latex for people that are allergic I Disadvantages 0 Difficult to use and insert I Noisy 0 More expensive than male condoms I Genital contact 0 Diaphragms cervical caps sponges I Sit at the cerviX to blockkill sperm I Protects against pregnancy BUT NOT STIs 8494 I Advantages 0 Don t feel them quick effects I Can be used multiple times before discarded I Disadvantages 0 Have to leave in place for 8 hours but removed before certain time 0 Touching genitals I Need prescription 0 Hormonal Methods 0 Most popular around world 0 Birth Control Pills I Huge revolution in giving women more independence I Usually mimic an average menstrual cycle 21 days 1 week off 0 Have to see a doctor 0 Different pills work for different people I Protects against pregnancy BUT NOT STIs 92997 0 Have to be taken every day at the same time to be very effective I Advantages I Spontaneity does not affect sex 0 Regularity predictable periods 0 Rapid reversibility body returns back to normal after stop usage I Disadvantages 0 Female responsibility relies on woman to take pill every day 0 Expensive 30 0 Hormonal changes and changes in libido and lubrication changes in hormone levels changes body I Breakthrough bleeding and spotting on days not supposed to happen I Mimics pregnancy pregnancy side effects vomit headaches nausea I Antibiotics can make BCP ineffective with combination of other medicine 0 NuvaRing amp Paten I Filled with hormones that get released into bloodstream I Protects against pregnancy BUT NOT STIs 92997 I Advantages I Convenience of not removing and putting on constantly I No interference with sensation I Disadvantages I Expensive I No STI protection I Hormonal side effects I IntraUterine Devices IUD O Planted inside uterus to keep egg from implanting 0 Least expensive method over time I Expensive short term 100s1000s 0 Does not interfere with spontaneity I Paragard copper 12 years heavier periods I Mirena hormonal 5 years lighter to no periods after long time use 0 Moderately painful insertion and removal I Must be done by professional provider 0 Advantages I Maintenance free I Least expensive 0 Disadvantages I No STI protection I May cause spotting I Natural Methods 0 Fertility Awareness Method FAM I Basal body temperature have to take temperature every day for several months and track pattern I 48 increase immediately before ovulation don t notice until after ovulation when it goes back down I 8897 effective against pregnancy is reliable and accurate 0 Cervical mucus changes I Becomes different texture at certain times 0 Thicker not good for sperm to live less fertile 0 Thinner good for sperm to live more fertile 0 Advantages I Not expensive free I Intune with body I Communication with partner I Approved by religious communities I No side effects 0 Disadvantages I Lower effective rate I Time and commitment to be accurate I Requires abstinence during high risk time period I Sterilization irreversible 0 Female sterilization I Tubal ligation getting tubes tied I General anesthesia 0 Fallopian tubes snippedtied chpped I Outpatient procedure blocking egg form entering uterus 0 Expensive surgery 0 1000s 0 Male sterilization I Vasectomy I Cheaper safer than tubal ligation 0 20 minute procedure 0 Vas deferens snipped 0 Ej aculate does not contain sperm 1 of semen 0 Still have semen 0 Emergency Contraception O The morning after pill I Misnomer can use up to 5 days I Does NOT cause abortion 0 Preimplantation prevents pregnancy I Side effects magnified birth control side effects pain due to large amounts of added hormones in body I Prescription if under 17 0 Changes mucus and reduces endometrial tissue 0 Abortion 0 Contraception and abortion are two main methods for controlling conception birth 0 Historically happens all around the world 0 Banned in US 1965 I Continued illegally O 1973 Roe V Wade abortion legal I up to a certain time of pregnancy 0 prolife life begins at conception I person has right to be born 0 prochoice women should have control over fertility 0 Why do women have abortion I Rape I Financial reasons I Health reasons risk of mother 0 Surgical Abortion V Medication Abortion