SOC354:Basic Features of American Policing
SOC354:Basic Features of American Policing SOC 354
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Long on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 354 at Colorado State University taught by Bradley Hurst in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Law Enforcement and Society in Sociology at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
BASIC FEATURES OFAMERICAN POLICING ▯ ***“The primary responsibility for police protection rests with local governments…” ▯ The most important feature is local control. Fragmentation comes from this ***There are more than 18,000 law enforcement agencies (counting allf agencies. types) in the U.S. ▯ “As a result of this variety, it is very difficult to generalize about American policing.” ▯ Municipal/city police represent 71% of all agencies and employ 62% of all officers. ▯ ***There is no clear relationship between the police/population ratio and the crime rate. There are many different factors that impact crime rate ▯ ***Law enforcement is very labor intensive. The cost of salaries and ▯enefits consume up to 90% of their budgets. ***Concerns of Fragmentation: concern about duplication of services and lack of cooperation ***State sets the certification requirements to become a police officer Hours needed for firearms training, pursuit, etc. LOCALCONTROL POST (Police Officers Standards in Training)—must be POST certified to be hired as a police officer ▯ ***Fewer than 2% of agencies are accredited: 1. Not enough benefit for cost 2. Importance of local control (bureaucratic control over local offices) ▯