Chapter 5: Development Lecture Notes
Chapter 5: Development Lecture Notes PSYCH-1000
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brynn Beveridge on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH-1000 at Tulane University taught by Dr. Rollins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology (PSYCH 1000) in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 11/05/15
Lecture Notes Chapter 5 Human Development November 26 2015 Introductory Psychology With Dr Rollins Parenting Styles i Parents are affectionate firm and consistent ii Children are responsible competent and have a high self esteem i Parents are harsh punitive and demand obedience ii Children are withdrawn and have a low selfesteem i Parents give children lots of freedom with little discipline ii Children are immature unhappy and aggressive i Parents meet the basic needs of their children but are emotionally uninvolved ii Children have a low selfesteem low achievement level and are more likely to be delinquents e There is a correlation between parenting style and child outcome however there is no proven causation i Other factors causing the correlation could be environmental in uence or genetics II 9 cultural expectations for what is appropriate behavior for males and females Vary across cultures Cultures with similar gender roles for males and females tend to have more equal status for males and females Males i More likely to be the main character in media Portrayed solving problems giving orders rescuing others and being the hero ii Encouraged to achieve compete and be independent iii Boy toysaction figures encourage Violence competition and activity Females i Less likely to be the main character in media Portrayed as submissive and unhappy without boyfriend Emphasis on appearance and sexuality ii Encouraged to be nurturing expressive dependent and unselfish FTP 9 Pi iii Girl toysBarbie dolls encourage beauty nurturing and domesticity a Phase between childhood and adulthood teen years b Begins with 9body changes that result in reproductive capability c Brain maturation pruning of unused synaptic connections and frontal lobes mature until age 25 d Selfesteem drops family con icts increase and peers are more important e According to Erickson adolescents go through an identity crisis f Are in Piaget s formal operation period i Abstract hypothetical thinking ii Metacognition iii Tend to overestimate how much other people are thinking about them 1 Egocentrism IV Adulthood 3 stages Early Middle Late a Early Adulthood ages 2039 i Physical Changes 1 Physical peak ii Cognitive Changes 1 Cognitive improvements iii Social and Emotional Changes 1 Goals Establishing careers and finding love a Happy marriages having similarities emotional intimacy similar backgrounds financial amp emotional support equity giving as much as you re giving i 5 positive interactions 1 negative interaction ii Negativity sarcasm and criticism are bad iii Married people are happier healthier and more financially amp sexually satisfied iv Marriage satisfaction declines if they have a new child while both parents are working or if one parent isn t doing their share v Gay and lesbian couples tend to be more satisfied with parenting less defined gender roles b Emotions even out in early adulthood b Middle Adulthood ages 4065 i Physical Changes 1 Physical condition depends on health and exercise 2 Females99loss of fertility a Most women don t go crazy during menopause wrong stereotype 3 Males 9become less fertile ii Cognitive Changes 1 Cognitive Improvements iii Midlife transition when people reassess what their goals are and readjust accordingly Late Adulthood ages 65 i Physical Changes 1 Senses lose their sharpness Muscles weaken Reaction time increases Immune system weakens Brain shrinks memory areas and frontal lobes 6 Diet and exercise slow decline ii Cognitive and Emotional Changes 1 Decrease in memory cognitive exibility and speed 2 Mental and physical activity slow the process of cognitive decline 3 Alzheimer s Disease Progresses until a person is mentally vacant takes 520 years 4 Most elderly people are just as satisfied with their lives as people of other ages are if they have at least 3 close relationships There is a correlation between the attachment style of children and adults i Securely attached children have better more emotionally connected intimate relationships ii Insecure ambivalently attached children have more jealous distrustful and insecure relationships iii Insecure avoidant children tend to have emotionally closed off relationships that lack intimacy P1990