New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Nonverbal Communication

by: Aashika Kushwaha

Nonverbal Communication Psychology of communication

Aashika Kushwaha
GPA 3.6
Introduction to Learning and Behavior
Dr. Hanna Ulatowska

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Introduction to Learning and Behavior
Dr. Hanna Ulatowska
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Learning and Behavior

Popular in Psychlogy

This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aashika Kushwaha on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology of communication at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Hanna Ulatowska in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Learning and Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Dallas.


Reviews for Nonverbal Communication


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 11/05/15
Psych Ch 8 Non verbal Code Nonverbal communication involves no words Only has gestures and expressions Paralanguage is the use of voice refers to vocal character and emotional state personal space or proxemics to express level of intimacy and power armslength Psychoogists believe that human language evolved from a system of nonverbal communication Through smell called olfactics a person s ethnicity social class and status ar4e communicated norms are set by each culture through scents of each person shampoo oil deodorant natural body odor etc Denotive meaning correct grammarsyntax in verbal code when we don t understand what someone is saying we can go to a dictionary to look up the meaning There is no dictionary for nonverbal language Kinesics or body movement including hand gestures facial expressions etc Kinesics behavior is organized into ve broad categories Emblems Illustrators Affect Displays Regulators Adaptors U39lbUUNH Emblems primarily hand gestures not exclusively that have a direct literal verbal translation Ex Smiling and waving at someone lllustrators typically hand and arm movements that accompany speech or function to accent or complement that is being said Ex Folding hands and saying quotNamastequot Affect Displaygare universal They are nonverbal presentations of emotions through facial expressions 2000 to 3000 of them have to do with emotion Every expression exists in each culture although there may be different meanings for certain facial expressions in certain cultures Ex Snarls and gritting teeth show the facial expression of anger Although showing teeth isn t always necessary Primary emotions are surprise fear anger disgust happiness and sadness which are all universal facial expressions are evolutionarily and biologically inherited rate of intensity of an emotion is scaled from 1 to 8 Regulators behaviors and actions that govern direct or manage conversation Ex Direct eye contact and nodding typically means that you agree Arabs hold hands to display trust Middle Eastern people smell each other s breath to to show that they desire each other Adaptors kinesics actions that satisfy physiological or psychological needs Ex Scratching an itch satis es a physiological need whereas tapping the tip of you pen on the desk while waiting for the professor to deliver a nal exam satis es a psychological need not learned but may vary cross culturally Occulesicsstudy of eye contact Eye contact is one of the most dynamic forms of nonverbal behavior and is an essential biological skill necessary for effective social interactions visua processes including attraction to the eye region of the face are not only innate in human but in animals as well eye contact and emotion are closely related with approachavoidance tendencies There are different meanings of eye contact interculturally Ex Direct eye contact in China is considered rude while in America showing eye contact means that you are paying attention and is part of good manners Paralanguage qualities that useually accompy speech such as rhythm tone pace etc Vowels help create and connect vocal sounds Consonants function to stop and start a sound Some languages called tonal languages rely on vocalized tones to communicate meaning such as Modern Vietnamese Vocal attraction appealing sounds in speech also involves sex differences Unattractive voices sounds that can be squeaky nasal monotone etc 0 Can hear diffrences in paralanguages region to region interms of pronunciation and vocal pitch of the people or their accents Speakers of the same language have similar accents Similar accents among people of the same region are the paralinguistic component combines with the phonological and intonation features of the spoken word Proxemics refers to the perception and use of space including territoriality and personal space Territoriaity refers to physical geographical space personal space refers to perceptual or psychological space known as to most as the quotbubblequot Americans are very protective of their space Indians and other places where there is high pop density personal space is valued however hard to nd Privacy in high density places is more psychological rather than physiological there just isn t enough space for so many people so the only privacy you get sometimes is in your head Haptics Skin is the biggest organ 0 f the human body which not only surrounds the body but also separtes it from the environment Skin represents a social organ through which humans are able to get in touch with and get close to other human beings Haptics or tactile communication refers to the use of touch most primitive form of communication US Notrthern Europe India Southeast Asia moderate contact culture South and Central American countries are touch cultures Korean Puerto Ricans Southern Europe low touch cultures Olfactics sense of smell humans and other mammalians have the most olfactory genes Humans can detect odors but are even more adept at producing odors most scented of all are the apes Two types of glands below our skin sebaceous and apocrine glands Sebacious glands oil glands mostly near hair follicles for protection Apocrine glands located in more dense areas such as armpits but also found I n pubic and anal regions the face scalp umbilical region Women have more apocrine glands than men Human saliva and urine also produce scent most sensitive to odors is during ovulation organ secretions function as odor cues to stimulate their menstrual cycles Scents categorize groups of people into status ower classes tend to be more smelly this is how we label racially ethnically and religiously Microcultures are characterized as possessing negative olfactory characteristics Physical Appearance and Dress can identify one s culture by physical appearance and their traditional clothing women dress differently in other cultures jewelry no jewelry Chronemics nonverba channel of time monochromicpolychromic IndividualismCollectivism Power Distance HighLow Context Nonverbal Expectancy violations Theory people hold expectancies about the appropriateness of the nonverbal behaviors of others such as expecting to shake someone s hand when you meet them Fundamental Assumptions of NEV Theory pg 317


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.