The New Imperialism
The New Imperialism hist 1031
Popular in World Civilizations Since 1500
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Naida Adams on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 1031 at East Carolina University taught by Michael B Gross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since 1500 in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
The New Imperialism Timeline: 1800’s ➔ 1816| Old Imperialism begins ➔ 1839| “Letter to Queen Elizabeth” Tsu ➔ 18391842| Opium War ➔ 1842| “Inquiry in the Condition of the Poor” Chadwick ➔ 1848| “The Communist Manifesto” Marx and Engles ➔ 1848| The Public Health Act ➔ 1851| The Crystal Palace ➔ 1859| “Self Help” Smiles ➔ 1880| Old Imperialism ends and Formal Empire begins ➔ 1899| “White Man's Burden” Kipling 1900’s ➔ 1900| WWI Imperialism (new) ➔ 1914| New Imperialism ends ● Old Imperialism ○ 18161880 ○ Textbook page 166 (776), Ch 25 ○ Built large overseas empires ○ Not political, did not want outright governmental control ○ Wanted access to trade (economic access) ○ The informal empire ● New Imperialism ○ 18801914 ○ Political empire building/ domination ○ Wanted outright control and government over territories ○ The formal empire ○ By 1878 only a small portion of Africa was owned by European countries ○ By 1880 the entire continent was dominated by Europe ○ Africa was claimed by the british, spain, belgium, germany, italy, portugal, etc ○ Great britain had a large empire ■ “The sun never sets in the british empire” ● “Letter of Advice to Queen Victoria” 1839 ○ Lin Tse Hsü, Chinese Commissioner ○ During the Old Imperialism ○ Writes a letter to the queen to ask to stop sending opium to china because everyone was becoming addicted, dieing, and caused major problems in china ○ The british trade with china was unfair ■ British needed: tea, silk, rhubarb, chinaware/porcelain, satin, candies/ginger, cinnamon ■ China needed: nothing, maybe toys ○ China agreed to share with the world because they are “benelivant” ○ Tea was is very important to the british culture (4pm → tea time) ○ Since the trade wasn't equal britain was losing money and began to sell opium to the chinese population to make up for the money lost ○ The british grew opium in india ■ “planted from hill to hill” ○ People were dying and overdosing from opium (cause of the letter) ○ Emperor's son OD on opium is death penalized ○ Goes to Canton (growth of Opium), Tsü destroyed the Opium, tries to end opium in china ○ Confiscates 20,183 chests of opium and destroys it ○ “Getting rid of harmful thing” ○ Opium War from 18391842 ○ British won, china must continue trade for Opium → Treaty of Nanjing ○ Document was an example of OLD IMPERIALISM ■ They didn't control china over absolute gov’t ■ Simply forced trade ■ No political dominance ● “White Man’s Burden” 1899 ○ Rodrick Kipling ○ Also wrote the jungle book ○ Born in india ○ From a well off family, father was a public official ○ Won noble prize for literature in 1907 ○ Poem was written to the people of great britain ○ Suggests what the british imperialist should do for the natives ○ Show the foreigners agricultural enginerring, stop illness. Stop wars, and for the british too to do common work ○ Wants them to help, not just rule/ set up an infrastructure ■ “No tawdry rule of kings” ● tawdry= cheap ○ Claims the other countries can learn from white men although they may not thank them in the end ○ Burden= to uplift the world, civilized by the best in the world ○ Only can be done by the best and most worthy, hard work ○ MESSAGE: do good with white supremacy