Week 10- Onset of the Atomic Age
Week 10- Onset of the Atomic Age HIST 370
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin McManus on Friday November 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 370 at George Mason University taught by Zayna Bizri in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see War in American Society in History at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
HIST 370 Notes Week 10 Onset of the Atomic Age 19431953 A US Industry in Turning the Tide of the War 0 When examining the turning point of the Second World War characterized in this context with the United States entering the war on the Allied side we tend to look at it from a very AngloAmerican centric perspective as in some deem the United States entering the war as guaranteeing an Allied victory in the war 0 This speaks to the fear of inevitability in studying history as foregone conclusions made by historians can hurt academic credibility for a plethora of reasons B The Atomic Bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki August 1945 o The atomic bombs that were dropped on Japan one in Hiroshima on August 6th and another in Nagasaki on August 9th were dropped for a number of reasons 1 Militarily speaking the United States projected that a conventional invasion of the Japanese mainland planned as Operation Downfall would last approximately two years and cost more than a million American casualties and tens of millions of Japanese casualties military and civilian alike Therefore it seems reasonable to assert that Truman deemed it much more efficient to drop the atomic bombs on Japan avoiding any American casualties and severely minimizing Japanese casualties Politically speaking historical context suggests that a major motivator of the United States to drop the bombs on Japan were as a geopolitical warning to the Soviet Union asserting American dominance in a sense as tensions between the US and the USSR had been exponentially heightening since American entered the Second World War Culturally speaking dropping the bombs seemed to be retrospectively at least aligned with popular opinion Most Americans had been affected by the war in some way shape or form and simply wanted it over thinking little past that It seems that the survivors of that generation tell us now that they much prefer what happened as opposed to the American invasion of Japan that could have happened