Popular in World History Since 1500
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
History 102 3/22/16 United States o Government and Citizens What power does the government have over the citizens? What power does the citizens have over the government? Bill of Rights (1791) Addition to the Constitution on how the government should work 10 Amendments o Cant limit freedom of speech, religion, guns, privacy Jacksonian “Democracy” (1830’s) Gets the poor white people the right to vote Moves natives west of the Mississippi o Trail of Tears o State and Federal Government Slavery breaks the United States into two parts Missouri Compromise (1820) Draws line from southern border of Missouri to California North of the line slavery is illegal and south of the line slavery is legal Abolitionists o Against Missouri Compromise Kansas Nebraska Bill (1854) Congress said that when settlers move into a new territory they get to vote of weather or not they want slavery. Because of this there could have been slavery in the north and no slavery in parts of the south. Dread Scott Decision (1857) Dread Scott was born a slave His owner moves to the north Scott becomes a free man. He gets married and makes a life for himself When the owner moves back down to the south he takes Scott back with him so he goes back to being a slave. Scott takes it to court and the Supreme Court and the court decides that Scott had no right to bring the case to court because he was still a slave and slaves have no rights. Therefore blacks were unable to come to the court for their freedom John Brown Viewed as a terrorist because he killed all the save owners in Nebraska to try and end slavery in the north o Amendments to the United States Constitution 13: abolished slavery 14: citizenship for former slaves 15: right to vote o Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Says that if you provide equal service to both races you are allowed to segregate. Segregation Booker T. Washington We have to build up our own economy Were not going to white institutions for things we have to build our own. W.E.B. Dubois If we are confronted with injustice then we have to fight it along the way o Crimean War (1854-1856) England and France join Ottoman empire to fight Russia Unification of Italy o v. Austria (1859-1870) o Camillo Cavour Prime Minister of Sardinia Liberal Constitutional Monarchy He sends troops to fight in Crimean war so he could go back to France (Napoleon III) and get them to help him unify Italy. This would hurt Austria o Giuseppe Garibaldi Follower of Mazzini Want a Republic Helps Cavour o Cavour and Garibaldi disagree on what government system Italy will be when its unified so they fight against each other Unification of Germany o 1860-1871 o v. Austria and The German Confederation Austria looses Do not want Germany unified Otto von Bismark Prime Minister of Prussia Fight Germany 3 Wars: v. Denmark (1864) v. Austria (1866) v. France (1870) Austria o The Compromise of 1867 Changes the name of the country from Austria to Austria Hungary o Anti-Semitism Theodor Herzl Zionism = Jewish Nationalism From Vienna History 102 3/24/16 Life on the Ground for Average People 2nd Industrial Revolution (1850-1920) o Steel, electricity, oil, chemicals (synthetic materials) o First power stations that would light street lamps o Joint Stock Companies (LLC) and Investment Banks Helped people open up car dealerships which increased mass production of “cars” o Corporations/Trade Unions o Large Electorates o Political Parties o Centralized Bureaucracies Ex: corporations o Universal Military Service o “Middle Class” = Bourgeoisie 20% of the population of Europe and North America that would fit this classification (Upper (bank presidents)/Middle (lawyers, doctors, professors)/Lower) Middle Class Traits: big income difference between upper and lower middle class. They are just like us because we can all afford the same thing. Educational expectation. o Georges Haussmann Urban Re-Development Ordered by Napoleon III to open up incredibly wide walkways to create jobs. Better for crowd control. When they made the wider streets they built new housing right along the border of the new street, which had plumbing and electricity. Underneath of the new housing there were huge sewers, which they turned into a transportation system for tourists o Public Health This was a big deal because people were dying left and right in hospitals because the doctors were using unsterile tools when they were trying to cure Louis Pasteur Discovers germs, principals of vaccination, and pasteurization Robert Koch Discovers that germs reproduce and that they have a life span Joseph Lister Invents a way to kill germs (Chemical Disinfectant) o Woman’s Jobs Teacher, nurse, secretary Stereotype: They would marry their boss to move themselves from Middle Class “Home- Makers” to Upper Middle Class Middle Class “Home-Makers” were the prime target when advertising first came out. Woman’s Suffrage Emmeline Pankhurst o The Sadler Report (1831-1832) The Factory Act (1833) (says you cannot hire kids under 8 to work in a factory. No child labor) o Proletarianization: farmers Factory workers How people become factory workers o Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto (1848) History of class struggle ‘production’ (industry) + ‘conditions of production’ (capitalism) There will be nothing left in the world besides factory owners because the working conditions were so bad that all the workers would rebel Predicts that everyone is going to end up being a factory owner because we keep on breaking up the jobs. o Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations (1776) Relationship between ‘labor’ (industry) + ‘market’ (capitalism) Wants a factory system with multiple people that will take a certain aspect of making a product and that is your specialty Separating the jobs of labor would create jobs and help the economy. o LABOR + DIVISION OF LABOR = FACTORY SYSTEM
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