HD205- Week 2
HD205- Week 2 HD 205-001
Popular in Child Development- Preschool
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Green on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HD 205-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Blanche C. Komara in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 221 views.
Reviews for HD205- Week 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 01/23/15
HD 205001 Infants and Children Prenatal through Middle Childhood 01242015 Limitations of Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory 0 Too narrow a view of important environmental in uences Bandura s work is unique because children play an active role in their own learning Piaget s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor 0 Birth to 2 years 0 Infants think using their eyes ears hands and mouths 0 They invent ways to solve sensorimotor problems such as pushing a button to hear the sound of a music box nding hidden toys and placing objects in and out of a container 0 Preoperational o 27 years 0 preschool children represent their earlier sensorimotor discoveries with symbols 0 children start to develop language and makebelieve play takes place However thinking lacks the logic that the two remaining stages possess Concrete operational 0 711 years 0 children s reasoning becomes logical and better organized o schoolage children understand the concept of conservation the idea that a certain amount of liquid or soft solid remains the same even after its appearance changes 0 They also organize objects into orders of classes and subclasses 0 Thinking is not yet abstract and not yet at the adult level 0 Formal operational O 11 years on the capacity for abstract systemic thinking adolescents are now able to hypothesize deduce testable inferences and isolate and combine variables to solve a problem Adolescents can also evaluate the reasoning of verbal statements without referring to realworld circumstances 0 The mind is viewed as a system that can manipulate symbols and through which information is actively coded transformed and organized 0 Studies the relationship between changes in the brain and the cognitive processing and behavior patterns of the developing child 0 Combination of psychology biology neuroscience and medicine Neuroscientists 0 Making quick advancements in identifying the speci c types of experiences that support or weaken brain development at various ages Clarifying the brain bases of many learning and behavioral disorders 0 Contributing to treatments for children with disabilities Ethology Concerned with the adaptive or survival value of behavior and its evolutionary history 0 Roots traced to Darwin 0 lmprinting Lorenz 1952 baby geese 0 Critical Period limited time for capacities to emerge o Sensitive Period optimal time for capacities to emerge Seeks to understand adaptive value of human competencies Studies emotional social and cognitive competencies as they change with age Expands upon ethology seeks to understand the organismenvironment system as a whole Sensitive Period An ideal time for speci c abilities to emerge Individual is particularly responsive to environment Critical period has more clearly de ned boundaries than the sensitive period Culture passes from one generation to the next 0 Beliefs customs skills In order for cognitive development to progress social interaction is vital 0 Communication with members of society are more knowledgeable is important in development Learning from others Microsystem 0 Family childcare center or school neighborhood play area church Mesosystem o How all of the microsystem interacts forms a routine Exosystem 0 Things that are occasional and may have in uence on immediate family 0 Extended family community health services friends amp neighbors workplace 0 Macrosystem 0 Customs values laws 0 Chronosystem o Chrono time o How do all the systems work over time 0 Changes over time changes in all the systems and how they in uence the child 0 A child s integrated system consisting of mind body physical and socials worlds guides the mastery of new skills 0 The system is dynamic or constantly in motion Comparing Child Development Theories o Discontinuous 0 One course 0 Both nature and nurture 0 Continuous 0 Many possible courses 0 Emphasis on nurture o Discontinuous 0 One course 0 Both nature and nurture 0 Continuous 0 One course 0 Both nature and nurture 0 Continuous and discontinuous 0 One course 0 Both nature and nurture 0 Both continuous and discontinuous 0 Many possible courses 0 Both nature and nurture 0 Not speci ed 0 Many possible courses 0 Both nature and nurture 0 Both continuous and discontinuous 0 Many possible courses 0 Both nature and nurture Scienti c Research Hypothesis prediction drawn directly from a theory proposed explanation for a certain phenomenon Research methods activities of participants 0 Research designs overall plans for research studies Systematic Observation 0 Naturalistic observation 0 In the eld or natural environment where behavior happens 0 Structured observation 0 All participants have equal chance to exhibit the behavior 0 A speci c situation is set up in a laboratory to encourage or evoke a behavior that the experimenter is interested in Interviews 0 Clinical interview 0 Flexible conversational style 0 Probes for participant s point of view 0 Can provide a lot of information change to expand on ques ons o Accurate Children are often in uenced by how things are asked or what speci cally is asked It could change their answer 0 Structured interview 0 Each participant is asked same questions in the same way 0 May use questionnaires get answers from groups 0 Not as indepth there is an inability for the interviewee to elaborate on their answer 0 Because the same questions are asked in the same way it reduces the likelihood that a child could be persuaded to answer the question to satisfy the interviewer Case Study Involves interviews observations and test scores and combines all the information involved 0 Best used to study unique types 0 May be subjective Strengthslimitations of informationgathering methods