Sociology week of notes
Sociology week of notes Soc 100-001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by AlliSlaten on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 100-001 at Colorado State University taught by John R Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Sociology at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
Chapter 7- Deviance - Aurora and Newtown: Who’s to blame? - Movies? TV? Video games? - Warped personalities - Physiological disorders- mental illness - School security systems SRO • • Metal detectors - Parents, teachers, politicians, peers • To what extend are we looking at the agents of socialization to blame? • When does it become the fault of television, parents, peers, etc.? - Policies that give us easy access to guns • NRA - Deviance - Deviance- Behavior, belief, or condition that violates signiﬁcant social norms in the society - Statistical deviation- when you are not common • ex. having blue eyes, being 7’2” - General Paradigms of Deviance - Biological- Something in their body(hormonal, genetically, physiologically, biologically) that is an issue or a problem that causes deviance - Psychological- self esteem or personality disorders - Sociological - Sociological perspectives - Functionalist- Deviance is a basic part of social organization. By deﬁning deviance, society sets its moral boundaries. - Interactionist- Deviance is a part of socially constructed reality that emerges in interaction. Deviance comes into being an individuals label something deviant - Conﬂict- Deviance results from inequality. - Functionalist perspective #1 - Merton’s Strain theory- Deviance is a result of a gap between society’s culturally deﬁned goals and the means available to achieve them. - Functionalist Perspective #2 - Opportunity theory- Deviance is a result of a gap between society’s culturally deﬁned goals and the means available to achieve them. Strain plus illegitimate opportunity structures are available • There is something in the way of meeting a goal but there is a deviant way to achieve your goal • Ex. cheating on a test, taking money laying around - Clicker question - Question: Crime differs from deviance in that crime • Answer- is a violation of norms enacted into law - Question: A recent study in an English maximum security prison found that inmates who ate large amounts of potato chips were most likely to be aggressive. This supports the paradigm • Answer- Physiological - Deviance is out there waiting to be discovered - Interactionist Perspective #1 - Labeling theory- acts are deviant or criminal because they have been labeled as such - If different people commit the same deviant act shouldn’t the consequences the same? the answer is no. - Look at who is making the laws? Are thy deviant? • Do they have the right to decide what is deviant and what isn’t? - Question: What percent of the students in the clicker question about the support of marajuana • Answer: 60% support it - A norm violator will be labeled deviant depending on the social characteristics of the: • characteristics of the perpetrator (not so much what you do but who does it) • characteristics of the victim • the characteristics of the person doing the labeling • characteristics of the judge - Interactionist Perspective #2 - The Medicalization of Deviance • There is an increase of deviant acts being labeled as medical conditions and being treated as so The growing inﬂuence of psychiatry and medicine in the United States has • inﬂuenced deﬁnitions of deviance • The medicalization of deviance— the transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition - Interactionist Perspective #3 - Differential Association Theory • Deviant behavior is learned in the interaction with others • Inﬂuenced by who we are around - Interactionist Perspective #4 - Hirschi Control Theory • Deviance occurs when social bonds to conventional institutions, such as the family, school, or employer are weak • People will deviate if they don’t have a strong bond with an institution keeping them on track - Question: “Honey, better take all the beautiful vases off the coffee table. Two- year old Ben is coming over this afternoon and will probably destroy them.” What perspective best explains the phenomenon? • Answer: Opportunity Theory - Question: “Beth be sure to be home from the party by 9pm. You know what type of people stay up until 10pm. This supports ____ theory. • Answer: Differential association theory - Conventional Street Crime - Violent-force against others - Property- robbery, larceny, motor vehicle theft - Moral- victimless crimes (prostitution, drug use, illegal pornography) - As John talked about crime he talked about it through a conﬂict theorist mind - Deviance and Inequality- Social Conﬂict Analysis - Deviance reﬂects social inequality - People we commonly consider deviants share the trait of powerless - The norms of any society generally reﬂect the interests of the rich and the powerful - People who threaten the wealthy are deﬁned as thieves or radicals - Conﬂict Perspective #1 - Deviance and Power relations • The lifestyles considered deviant by political and economic elites are often deﬁned as illegal • Social dynamite- rioters • Social junk- poor, homeless • Deviance is deﬁned by those in power over those who don’t have power - Conﬂict Perspective #2 - Deviance and Capitalism • The laws and the criminal justice system protect the power and privilege of the capitalist class • Capitalism is based on private control of wealth • Capitalism depends on productive labor • Capitalism depends on respect for authority • Anyone who directly challenges the capitalist status quo is likely to be deﬁned as a devint - Conﬂict Perspective #3 - Feminist Approches • Liberal- women’s deviance arises from gender discrimination • Radical- focuses on patriarchy Socialistic- emphasizes the effects of capitalism and patriarchy on women’s • deviance - You’re most likely to become the victim of fraud if you belong to which demographic group? - Answer- People over 50 - Question- According to the most recent government survey, which type of scam now lures the most victims? Answer- Credit related scams • - White collar crimes are more severe and harm more people than street crimes -