Week Twelve Notes: Russian Society in the 19th Century
Week Twelve Notes: Russian Society in the 19th Century History 325
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Friday November 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 325 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Susan McCaffray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Russia to 1881 in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Week Twelve Notes Russian Society in the 19th Century Katie Albritton Study Soup Fatally Different or Basically the Same as Western Europe Similarities Urban and rural people occupations Inherited privilege V promotion by merit Pressures of increased mobility and money National sovereignty liked to fiscal economic health of state Differences Limited commerce due to Distance from the Atlantic Ocean Limited access to silver limited money supply Destruction of towns in the late medieval period Mongols Late development of serfdom with state support Limited public sphere of publications and open debate Occurred mainly inside the government Especially during the reign of Nicolas I 18251855 The Idea of Soslovie Estates Categories of People a Class System Peasants Krestianstvo Townsmen Meshchanstvo Merchants Kuptsy Clergy Dukhovenstvo Nobles Pomeshchiki System of inequality before law Russian Merchants Three Guilds Exempt from soul tax military duty and corporal punishment Annual fee and capital qualifications to stay in guild Social instability Cultural opposition Prove value of capital to qualify for guilds The Gospel of Work Work is bitter but bread is sweet Work sacrifice and pain Inherently Virtuous Or selfish What kind of person would try to get rich Sign of spiritual poverty Respect for poverty In theory Peasants envy the rich Gentry Landowners and Great Nobles Big houses V VERY big houses Don39t work Divide the estate among the children upon death Smaller and smaller property Getting poorer gentry Great Nobles Owned huge amounts of land Hundreds of villages Palaces St Petersburg and Moscow Preserving Gentility Emancipated 1762 Super uous Alexander Pushkin 17991837 Evgenii Onegin Differences between rich and poor Determined to retain serfdom Guilty conscience Some The super uous man and the guilty nobleman Boshchina Staying on the Land Private serfs variety Grain exports Less cash less mobility New Russia Ukraine the South Mir Elders communal agriculture Vast majority of people 80 May God keep the tsarfar away from us How to keep people in working condition Repartition of land periodically Around every ten years Change in family status Obrok Working in the City Going away to work More up north Winter Single unattached men St Petersburg Moscow Links countryside and city Pay percentage of wages to landowners Factory work Discipline Knouting Corporal punishment Vulnerability of women Rape Hard to enforce rules protecting serfs Peasants have a standing in laW Khodoki Walkers Walk to St Petersburg to complain to the tsar Sometimes government took over estates Arakcheev39s Mistress Brutal adviser to the tsar Cruel to peasants Peasants murder his mistress The exceptions that proved the rule Alexander Nikitenko 1804 1877 Ukranian Serf freed by the Sheremetevs Became a government censor Buy out their relatives Humble NonSerfs Demidovs Blacksmith Peter liked them Most successful manufacturing family Iron factories Became nobles Serfs Against Serfdom Flight to Siberia Rebellion Private attacks fires Fire is the peasants friend Low intensity disobedience Drink sloth Go to court Weapon of the weak Annoying the government
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