Scriptures Notes 10/26 - 11/6
Scriptures Notes 10/26 - 11/6 REL 1310
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabriel Hahn on Friday November 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1310 at Baylor University taught by Dr. Coker in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Christian Scriptures in Religious Studies at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Christian Scriptures Notes 1026 116 Mark and Matthew Mark 9 Matthew Luke 9 John Written about 3040 years after Jesus death before it was written it was passed through oral tradition small populations pop up creating a movement across the Mediterranean with the oral traditions Mark takes these stories pericopes and gets them on paper Most eye witness accounts of people who saw Jesus were dead or dying at the time which triggered a need to get the accounts written down Nero of Rome persecuting from 64 to 68 AD after he puts the blame of a fire he made on the Christians This also triggers a need to write pericopes down due to the fear that Christians might be wiped out another trigger event was the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD Features of Mark Made of about 106 pericopes shortest of the gospels most of the pericopes are connected by the word and Over 95 of Mark is found in Matthew and Luke His style re ects the period of persecution that it was written in Traditionally seen as a condensed version of the other two Got little respect no commentary was written on it until the 6th century 500 years after it was written New importance beginning in the 19th century now seen as the earliest gospel now one of the most popular to study It is an anonymous work attributed to John Mark the personal secretary of Apostle Peter 2 Gospel good news Christ anointed messia in Hebrew very bold statement to say Jesus is the long awaited Messiah as Mark does Jesus is very misunderstood even at his time and among his disciples For Mark Jesus is the Messiah not in spite of the fact that he was crucified but because of the fact the he was crucified One of the major points of the gospel is that no one recognizes Jesus for who he is but the reader does because we re are on the inside Turning point in story is the miracle in Ch8 where Jesus heals the blind man turns toward climax of crucifixion disciples begin to realize he is the Messiah Mark uses a chiastic structure similar to a palistrophe A He did this because these B documents were made to be read out loud So literary devices like C mam Pomt Chmax these allowed the audience to more B easily understand the message A Characteristics of Mark Sense of urgency short and quick Emphasis on Jesus acts not much on what he says Long passion narrative focus on final days of Jesus life Less refined in grammar and style Use of effective rhetoric very well thought out arrangement to portray a message Written for a Gentile nonJewish audience Most human portrayal of Jesus emphasizes Jesus emotions and human characteristics SQP PPP New week of notes continues from previous week 8 Secrecy motif keeping his miracles as secrets and does miracles in private 9 Highlights failure of Jesus disciples Jesus frequently becomes displeased with disciples the disciples don t quite get it Mark is largely a gospel about discipleship what does it mean to be a follower of Jesus not about the glory and honor of it instead about suffering and hardship with a promise of glory yet to come message to his readers during persecution we live on Saturday but we know Jesus is the Messiah and Sunday is coming Gospel of Matthew the gospel of the church Contains didactic messages Early church believed it was the first gospel written Received commentary by Origin by the early 200s M material is material unique to Mark Adds genealogy and resurrection appearances Shortens all of Marks narratives Cleans up grammar Cleans up misstatements Drops explanations of Jewish practices Changes it to match wealthy urban setting Matthews Genealogy Emphasizes the J ewishness of Jesus Traces Jesus ancestry via Joseph back to Abraham 3 sets of 14 generations 14 generations from Abraham to David 14 from David to exile 14 from exile to Jesus leaves out some generations in order to make a significant event occur every 14 generations does this to show that Jesus is the long awaited Messiah as he comes at the end of 14 generations Parallels between Jesus and Moses Both born under hostile regime Egypt Rome Rulers in both wants to destroy the infants Pharaoh Herad Child is divinely protected Each end up in Egypt Each leave Egypt and go through water Red Sea baptism Each goes to a mountain to deliver God s law Mt Sinai Sermon on the Mount In Matthew Jesus is the new Moses Structure of Matthew ve major blocks of Jesus teaching with narrative in between Parallels to the 5 books of Torah Jesus takes Jewish law and pushes it further beyond letter of law to the spirit Moses said do not kill I say do not become angry Matthew and Judaism Matthew is most Jewish portrayal of Jesus and emphasizes hi J ewishness Also it is the hardest gospel on the Jews Harsh towards scribes and Pharisees Characteristics of Matthew Uses organizational patters Has a doubling motif will use 2 of something when the other gospels only use 1 Gives special prominence to Peter Jesus talks explicitly about the church Has strong Jewish orientation Has a strong antiJewish orientation Also has great interest in the law Emphasizes the fulfillment of prophecy WNQMPP PF Gospels of Luke and John Luke Jesus is portrayed as a Jewish prophet who is rejected by his own people because of rejection the message of salvation is taken to nonJews Written in 80s AD after destruction of temple but before persecution of early 90s more positive attitude towards Rome Only gospel with a second volume Acts Only gospel to be addressed to someone Theophilus ie loved or lover of God L material unique to Luke this includes some parable nativity scenes information about Jesus as a child etc Luke s Genealogy Traces Jesus ancestry via Joseph back to Adam Comparing Genealogies Matthew Luke Adam Abraham Daivid Solomon 4 Nathan Jacob Hgli Joseph Neither is really concerned with J 63113 having the perfect genealogy mostly just showing a point about Jesus Matthew s Genealogy to show that Jesus was a descendant of David Luke s Genealogy to show that Jesus was God s son Jesus is the rejected Jewish prophet likens himself to Elijah and Elisha prophets sent to minister both Jews and Gentiles Jesus is the new prophet as his life fpara11els the life of a prophet Born like prophet Samuel Preaches like Elijah and Elisha heals like them too Dies like a prophet in Jerusalem Jesus in Luke Portrayed as calm cool and collected lacks agony and indecision of Mark s passion account Jesus is a hero not a tragic figure Speaks frequently of God s plan or will no sense of immediate apocalyptic return of Christ first gospel must be spread to ends of Earth that s what Acts is about Luke s use of Mark Adds genealogy and resurrection appearances Streamlines some stories Cleans grammar and style Characteristics of Luke Only gospel to identify audience More interest in historical context 3 Special attention given to Jerusalem focus on geography Ni 4 Emphasizes worship and prayer 5 Has an unusual interest in food 6 Focus on ministry to oppressed and disadvantaged 7 Prominent place for Women