Psych 355, week 10 notes
Psych 355, week 10 notes PSY 355
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Nesbitt on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 355 at Grand Valley State University taught by Dr. Kristy Dean in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Psychology & Culture in Psychlogy at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
Psychology & Culture Week 10 Notes Class #25 3/25/16 ATTRACTION, CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS, AND GROUPS Social Loafing o “withholding effort in a group” Ex) someone not doing their portion of the work in a group project o Cheerleading Study (Latane, Williams, & Harkins 1979) People in a classroom (either by themselves or in a group) asked to either clap or cheer as loud as they can As # of people in the classroom increased, the sound pressure/person decreased Reduction in effort more likely when: Group size is large Individual efforts can’t be identified “This group could function without me” Working with strangers o Culture, Values, and social loafing (Earley, 1989) Ps were managers from U.S. & China Completed an “in-box simulation”, 40 items Write memos, filling out forms, evaluating job applicants, resumes, etc. Manipulated accountability Write name on tasks (or not) Measured collectivistic values “Individuals are responsible for successes & failures of work groups”; “working with a group is better than working alone” Results: Significant difference in # of items completed among American participants as compared to Chinese participants depending on accountability level o More items were completed when accountability was high for American participants o Chinese participants completed about the same # of items in across both conditions Same pattern emerged when culture was replaced with collectivistic values o American= low collectivistic o Chinese= high collectivistic Prevent social loafing by encouraging collectivistic orientation toward group goals Interpersonal Attraction o Is beauty in the eye of the beholder? o The case for differences Beauty beliefs & practices Corsets, foot binding, neck rings, face tattoos, plastic surgery Diversity within a culture Western Europe/Caucasian prefer slender body figure African American prefer curvy body figure *very general idea* o The case for similarity Complexion (clear skin) Symmetry of someone’s face