Drugs of Abuse and Behavior - Week 11 Notes
Drugs of Abuse and Behavior - Week 11 Notes PSYC 3346
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Saiz on Friday November 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3346 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Adolfo J. Alvarez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Drugs of Abuse and Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Week 11 Drugs of Abuse and Behavior CRIMINAL OFFENDERS & ILLEGAL DRUGS **Under 7 million people in prison/jail -for every 31-33 people, 1 person is under the criminal justice system, about 95% will be released -few under capital punishment -few on death sentence Predictors In terms of federal inmates 40% end up going back but is not a perfect indicator that they’ve stopped committing crimes -what predicts that they’ll go back?: Moderate Four Big Four 1) Family/marital circumstances 1) History of antisocial behaviors; the more crimes 2) Leisure/recreation: how they entertain they have, the higher the probability (criminal themselves (some of them like to commit crime) versatility) 3) School/work: if they aren’t attached to school or 2) Antisocial Associates: associating with criminals work 3) Antisocial Personality in terms of DSM-5 4) Substance Use Disorder disorder 4) Antisocial Cognitions (criminal ideas) Antisocial Personality Disorder 1) Failure to conform to law 2) Deceitfulness 3) Disregard for other’s safety 4) Impulsivity 5) Irritability & aggression 6) Irresponsibility (family, jobs, etc.) 7) Lack of remorse or rationalizations -predictors are independent variables -moderate four & big four are dependent variables Antisocial Cognitions S. Yochelson MD & S. Samenow PhD wrote the book “The Criminal Lifestyle” and then Glenn Walters summarized their work The 3 C’s of Crime: -1) Conditions circumstances or factors that increase probability that a person will commit a crime like the Moderate Four or Big Four -2) Cognitions ideas or beliefs that we have, they justify crime in the mind of the perpetrator which allows them to perceive themselves in a positive way -3) Choice Power Orientation -Belief that an individual is above the law or that laws don’t apply to them -The use of any type of power to commit crimes or intimidate others such as using money, position in a company (because this person is the boss) -The use of “don’t you know who I am?” -evaluate others to see if they are weak or not *** Cognitive Indolence -Criminals not wanting to work minimum wage jobs (but they also have low graduation levels; laziness) -Only 7% of bank robbers get sent to prison -P.I.G. Problem with Immediate Gratification Mollification -minimizes the seriousness of the crime -“everybody does it” (like cheating on taxes, using phone while driving), “I didn’t hurt her” (when robbing a store and not hurting the clerk makes it ‘better’) Blaming -blaming the victim or someone else for their actions like with domestic violence -for addicts it would go along the lines of “I shoot up heroin because I’m an addict” the blame the addiction -women who dress provocatively and the women being blamed when she gets sexually assaulted -people leaving their keys in the ignition or in the car and having the criminal say “I wouldn’t have stolen the car if the keys weren’t already in there” Superoptimism -Belief that they won’t be caught, arrested, found guilty, or if they’re found guilty, they’ll get a short sentencing because it’s their first offense Entitlement Have the right to something without rightfully earning it -“she’s my wife, so I can do whatever I want” -Sentimentality -centered around the Robin Hood idea -having to commit a crime to be able to take care of your family Cut Off -cutting off emotions that tell you not to do something Wants As Needs -he gave us the example of a guy in the halfway house saying he needed a car to get him from the halfway house to his job, but specifically NEEDing a BMW Cognitive Therapy -our thoughts/ideas lead us to behave in certain ways & influence/cause our emotions -challenge, question, change criminal ideas to positive ideas -criminal thoughts lead to criminal behaviors Criminal Thoughts: 1) Power Orientation 2) Cognitive Indolence (laziness) 3) Mollification 4) Blaming 5) Superoptimism 6) Entitlement 7) Sentimentality 8) Cut Off 9) Wants as needs -high correlation between drug abuse and crime -up to 80% of people in jail/prison have used drugs/alcohol DISCUSSION OF HALFWAY HOUSE PRESENTERS st 1 presenter -sentimentality he committed his crime because he was broke and had to provide for his family -mollification he said it was only a little bit of weed and at least it wasn’t a lot of weed or worse, cocaine -superoptimism he didn’t think he would get caught that time when he did nd 2 presenter -served a total of 22 years in prison -blaming blamed the situation “I had to do it to survive”, he had no choice, he blamed his family because family was involved in drugs, other people made him do it when he didn’t want to -cognitive indolence thoughts such as “I’m not going to be able to get a job because of my felony” within the halfway house people are able to get jobs on the outside if they really want a job -the 1 presenter was open to questions, meanwhile the 2 presenter was not and would say he didn’t want to talk about the past -2 presenter had no remorse for his actions and kept saying “the past is the past” and he was concentrating on the future. He came off as a show off and was inappropriate towards women because they’re “temptations” to him and he bragged that he was the boss when he was on the outside. At one point he said to Mr. Alvarez “ if you want to kill me, I’ll kill you first” asserting his power to intimidate him Power Orientation Extrinsic motivation things are done to gain something tangible Intrinsic motivation things are done for the pleasure of doing them After care program to gain sentence reduction to get out of prison and go to halfway house; go through 6 months of counselling once they’re sent to the halfway house Contributors to Relapse: 1) Unpleasant emotions 2) Interpersonal Problems 3) Presence of drugs/peer pressure 4 Celebrations (men) CHAPTERS ON PREVENTION & TREATMENT NOT ON EXAM