POLS CONGRESS DISCUSSION
POLS CONGRESS DISCUSSION 18554
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dwayne Young on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 18554 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Kristina La Plant in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see POLS in Political Science at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT NOTES 3/24/16 AGENDA • Constitutional Foundation of each chamber • How the chambers have evolved over time? • Representation in the US • Reapportionment • Gerrymandering Article 1, US constitution - Section 8; GENERAL POWERS OF CONGRESS Enumerates the powers of congress Contains Necessary and proper clause Declare War Interstate commerce Coin Money Regulate education/Healthcare Decide and Confirm appointments Impeachment powers HOUSE SENATE Each state gets at least one representative Each state gets only two 25 years old 30 years old US citizen for 7 years US citizen for at least 9 years A resident of the state he/she wishes to A resident of the state he/she wishes to represent represent Serves two year terms Serve six year terms 435 members 100 members Formal, very rule regulated Generalized arguments Representatives based on population Less formal arguments Specific, experts in the field/ represent much Trial impeachment smaller group of constituents Start the process of impeachment Major appointments MORE POWERS OF HOUSE - The ability to introduce tax legislation/ new revenue *There are no Term limits for the house of the senate, once in office, you stay in office. Why would congress cap its own power? Ø WWI, Industrialization, mechanization of agriculture Ø Southern/ rural states who dominated the senate pass the cap to maintain power *People in power would cap their size because it is a method to keep the little guy down. Even more than before. Enables them to stay in power, because with the rise in population, they cap their membership so they don’t have so many representatives. * AMERICAN GOVERNMENT NOTES 3/24/16 - If there was not a cap instituted, there would be over 1,453 members in congress. Nothing would get done. Every 10 years a census is conducted o Instead of adding more seats to the entire US house of Representatives some states may lose seats, gain seats, or stay the same depending on how the state population has changed. o State Legislature are responsible for drawing new district lines. GERRYMANDERING “When politics deliberately draw district lines for electoral advantage” There are 3 types of GERRYMANDERING § PARTISAN When the state legislature draws district lines to favor members of a new political party § INCUMBENT When the state legislature draws district lines to keep party incumbents in office § RACIAL When the state legislature draws district lines to advantage or disadvantage specific racial groups 1. Get the courts involved US constitution requires districts to have –equal populations Racial discrimination cannot prevent groups from access to voting polls - Cracking: Spread your voters along different districts - Packing: take a specific group of people, and putting them into one district 2. Get the legislature Uninvolved Some states have instituted nonpartisan “panels” the authority to redraw district lines HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW? Bill may start in either chamber • HOUSE • SENATE *they can start in both HOUSE - Goes to the Speaker of the House Committee - Subcommittee - Subcommittee Committee Hearing Report to full chamber of house Referred to Rules Committee: DECIDES THE FATE OF THE BILL - Here they place a “rule” on the bill Ø OPEN Rule – No limits on amendments, add as many amendments as you want. This can also fill a bill. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT NOTES 3/24/16 Ø CLOSED Rule – No amendments at all, this is the best rule for an amendment so it can possibly get through. o Goes to house floor for votes o If Approved, the bill goes to the senate SENATE President of the senate sends to committee Committee - Subcommittee - Subcommittee Committee Hearing Report to full chamber NO RULES COMMITTEE IN CHAMBER Goes to senate floor for votes o Here senators may filibuster bills (talk them to death) o Filibusters are ended with a cloture vote. PRESIDENTS CHOICE 1. Sign the bill and becomes law 2. Veto 3. 2/3 support from Both chambers may override a veto 4. not sign 5. Automatically becomes law after 10 days while congress is in session 6. Pocket Veto – If congress adjourns during the 10 days’ period and the president does NOT sign, then the bill is vetoed and does not become a law.