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History of Photography: Week 7

by: ChristopherMetallo

History of Photography: Week 7 CNPH 24000-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Film > CNPH 24000-01 > History of Photography Week 7
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About this Document

Continuing with pictorialism and talking of other movements in photography.
History of Photography
Rhonda Vanover
Class Notes
history, Photography
25 ?




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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see History of Photography in Film at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/27/16
Tuesday, March 8, 2016 History of Photography Week 7: Day 1 - Pictorialism • rather than a copy of things it is a rendering of things in an artful way - Francis Benjamin Johnston • We'll known portrait photographer in DC and photographs famous/ wealthy people • Promoted the use pf photography for women • self portrait (as new woman), 1896, Gelatin Silver Print - manly pose - character study of what women of that era could be - Gertrude Kasebier (1852-1934) • photographer of native americans • went to Pratt institute and comes friends with Stieglitz stiechen and strand • Blessed art thou among women, 1889, Platinum print - mimics religious paintings - pushing her child out into the world while her child seems stiff ad taken back - black dress leaves the status of the child - Child looks taken back by entering the world • Miss N. (evelyn Nesbitt), 1902, Platinum Print - portrait considered provocative - convey the sickly sweet charms of motherhood - Kodak in the Land of the Navajo • considered exotic • moving them off of their land • Emphasis on craft of what native americans could make 1 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 • kodak commissions someone to photograph their way of life • Francis L. Moores • Edward S. Curtis - Father is a veteran of cvil war and family is out of money - Starts two studios in Seattle - JP Morgan gives him a lot of money to photograph Native Americans - An Oasis in the Bad Lands, 1905, Platinum Print • Brings costumes and poses many photos • Takes away modern things that were inside of villages - Portrait of Geronimo Holding a lance and wearing a leader’s Cap • Geronimo is in government custody and traveling with rosevelt • Outfitted in more traditional Native american clothes - The vanishing Race-Navaho, 1904 • vanishing horizon representative of a vanishing people - Did a lot of Albumen and Platinum printing • August Strindberg - Swedish - Celestograph, 1893-94 - created without a camera and just exposed a plate to night sky • LH Lartigue - My cousin Bichonnade, 1905 - Much of his subject matter is family - Facinsated with the fact that he could stop motion and movement with a photograph • Pictoriaism was avant guard because it stressed abstract patterns and blame the art form of the 20’s 2 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 • Paul Strand - Didn’t agree with pictorialists, though he believed it could be an art form - New York (woman with a sign that reads blind), 1917, photogravure - Abstractions, Porch Shadows, Connecticut, 1916, Gelatin Silver Print • Before WW1 separation begins between images of everyday life and art photography - Photography, Science, and Social Reform • Street & Society - OJ Rejlander • photographing people living on the street Getting at their level using perspective • - Paul Martin • uses a camera hidden in luggage • Taking images of people who are unaware - Alice Austin • 1866, staten Isand • Organ Grinder Couple, NY, 1896 • Work doesn't constitute social change instead they are just documenting life - Sigmund Krausz • Photographed against a kid background • Oh Golly • Some photos are racist but are considered a reflection of Chicago society - Jacob Riis • Police reporter turned photographer • use of flash powder magnesium • lectured on the condition of the sums to the middle/ upper class 3 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 • produced “How the Other Half Lives” • From Denmark and experienced hardships of an immigrant • How The Other Half Lives - people are flooding in from Ellis salad - Bandit’s Roost, NY, 1888, gelatin Silver Print - Lodgers in Bayard Street Tenement, Five Cents a Spot 1889 lots of people and objects in such a small place • • Can assume there are more people • Brought policemen with him so people couldn’t object - Reform Photography • Photography was used as a form of documentation • audience came the mass readers of newspapers magazines and books • Each photographer used photography to effect social change - Lewis Hine • credit line • teach t Paul strand • Made photos of Immigrants arriving at ellis island • Immigrants living in poor neighborhoods • NCLC and other social welfare organizations • 1907-1918 took 5,000 images of child labor around the US • Very active and shed light on the issues with child labor • Machinery is much larger than the children • Child in Carolina Cotton Mill, Lancaster South Carolina, 1908, Gelatin Silver Print - Given a name in the title makes it more personal and more real • His photos were instrumental in changing the child labor laws of the US 4 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 Week 7: Day 2: Straight Photography, Strand and After - Paul Strand • Spans 6 Decades of Photography • The photographer that was featured in the last issue of Camera Work • Student of Lewis Hine • Straight Photography - No manipulation of the Image and in Focus • Stieglitz wrote that his work was direct and devoid of trickery • Frequented stieglitz's gallery • Most work is Platinum or silver Gelatin • 1914-1916: Movement in New York - Reveal a city where the physical environment was as alive as the people within it - From the El, 1915, Platinum Print • high up to give a clear vantage point • Industrial scale of person vs. abstract industrial form • Begins to show us strong formal concerns - Wall Street, New York, 1915 • One of his most famous • Ominous and eerie evil looming in the dark windows • 1916: Forms. (abstract) - Looking at abstract artists and trying to emulate them - Trying to make the viewer look in a 3D way using light and shadows - Porch Shadows, Connecticut, 1916, Gelatin silver Print • Portraits in the Streets of New York - Woman with sign that reads Blind, 1917, photoguarve 5 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 • Bringing them in close - isolating parts of people against the background - Work is very direct - The White City • 1893 • World’s Columbian Expedition 28million in attendance • • Architecture, Sanitation, and the arts • American industrial optimism • Charles Dudley Arnold - director of the Photographic exposition of this event - Basin in the Court of Honor, 1893, Platinum Print • Water way reflects columbus sailing • Frederic Ward Putnam - Portrait types of the Midway, 1894 • study of people and their characteristics • one person representing the culture of many - Early 20th Century, advances in technology and industry • Lewis Hine • Jacob Riis • Edward Muybridge - shoots his wife’s lover and gets acquitted - English photographer important is pioneering motion pictures - Valley of the Yosemite from union point, 1872, Albumen - Sequence of Photos of a Galloping Horse, 1878 - Becomes a photographic celebrity and talks at collages 6 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 - Photographs 100,000 images on movement - Woman Walking • Etienne Jules Marey - French - follows Muybridge and experiments with photography - He invented the cronophotographic gun shooting 12 frames a second on a single print - Joinville Soldier Walking, 1883 - Man Walking, 1890-91 • Duchamp, Nude Descending a staircase #2, Oil on Canvas - influenced by the power of the photographic image • Albert Londe - Skeletons are shown within the flesh • Photographed x rays • Kinetoscope, 1894 - Thomas Edison put his name on it - Made images move in a box like structure (usually erotic) • Wilhelm Rontgen - Frau Rontgen’s hand, 1895, X-Ray • Creates the X-Ray • Can see the wedding ring • Elizabeth Fleischmann - Woman Radiographer • Eduard Valetta & Josef Maria - Experiment with X-Ray • The National Geographic 7 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 - Brings documentaries that aren’t near you - Lets you experience different cultures without censorship - Established in 1888 - Expressed absolute accuracy while also giving way to artistic representation - Underwood and Underwood • Girls is a Village of East Equatorial Africa, 1909 - 1910 change their dynamic and become a field of news photography, hiring people and giving them credit - Photographing the Pacific Paradise • John Davis, Samoa Princess Fe’ane, Apia, 1893, Albumen - The encyclopedic urge to collect images was growing. - Official expeditions set out to clarify national borders as well as research • Dr. David Livingston - Missionary in Africa going to native villages • Photographer Unknown, Henry Morton Stanley and Kululu, 1872, Albumen Carte de Visite - The Mugshot • 1880’s photographs of criminals become routine • Alexander Gardners portraits • Visual system to describe criminals • Alphonse Bertillon - developed a system • Clara Sheldon Smith, Claude f. Hankins: Murder, 1904 - Went to jail for awhile and got out - The Lining Room War (spanish american war) • Photographs can be quickly reproduced 8 Tuesday, March 8, 2016 • Large photos shown in the press • consumed by the public • Francis Benjamin Johnson - photographed the war - 1st american woman to hold a photojournalist job - White house photographer Manhatta • 9


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