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Japanese 202: Chapter 18 (Week 11) Notes

by: Adrianna Martin

Japanese 202: Chapter 18 (Week 11) Notes Japa 202

Marketplace > Japanese > Japa 202 > Japanese 202 Chapter 18 Week 11 Notes
Adrianna Martin
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

The notes cover onomatopoeia, short form conjugation review, new vocab terms, new kanji, and the following new grammar points: transitive vs. intransitive verb forms, completive てしまう, and resultive と.
Japanese 202
Miho Endo
Class Notes
Japanese, kanji, vocab, transitive, intransitive, Genki
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adrianna Martin on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Japa 202 at a university taught by Miho Endo in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.

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Date Created: 03/27/16
Onomatopoeia ここここ -Describes stealthy movement done for concealment. Like a thief in the night. ここここ -Describes a large number of people behaving boisterously. ここここ -Describes something sticky that clings easily. Verb: こここ ここここ -Describes the sound of hailstones or acorns falling to the ground. -Describes things scattered about or something that constituted a whole but has now broken apart. Something in bits and pieces. -Describes something that lacks unity. Something disjointed, in disorder. Short Form ななななな ななな なななななななななな なななななななな なななななななななな なななななななな ななななななななな [potential] ななななななななな ななななな [volitional] なななな なななななな ななななな なななななな ななななな なななな ななな ななななな [potential] ななな なななななななな [volitional] なななななななな なななななな ななななな なななななななな ななななな なななななな なななな ななななななななな [potential] なななななななな なななななな [volitional] なななななな/ななななな なななななななな ななななな なななななな なななな ななななななななな [potential] なななななななな なななななな [volitional] ななななな Vocab Nouns ここ the rest ここここ air conditioner ここここ curtain こここここ cushion ここここ shampoo ここここ soy sauce こここ switch ここここ soup ここ skirt こここ outside こここ sofa こここ towel こここ diary ここここここ banana ここ popcorn こここ insect ここここ rent こここここここ evening こここここ answering machine ここここ refrigerator こ-adjectives ここここ bright こここここここ to feel sick こここ dark こここここ embarrassing; to feel embarassed U-verbs ここ (something) opens () ここここ to apologize (person ) ここ to press; to push () こここ to drop (something) () こここここ water boils こここ to fall down こここ to break (something) () ここ to bloom () こここ (something) closes () ここここ to be saved; to be helped こここ to ask (a favor) (person ) ここ (something) turns on () こここ to make dirty () Ru-verbs こここ (something) drops () こここここ to tidy up () こここここ to think (about); to consider ここここ to become dirty () Irregulars こここここここ to place an order () Adverbs & other expressions ここここ right away ここここ thanks to () こここここここここここ see you. (literally, I’m leaving ahead of you) ここここここ(こここ) you must be tired after working so hard (ritualistic expression) ~(こ)こここ short form of ~(こ)ここここ こここここ what should I/we do? こここここ really ここ first of all ~こここ by (time/date) New Kanji こ - eye Looks like an eye with lines through it ここここ- ここ ここここ- こ こ-こ - eye こここ-ここ(こ) – stand out; be conspicuous ここ-ここここ - purpose こ - target; -ish Left radical- white (こここ) ここここ- ここ ここここ- ここ ここ-ここここ - purpose ここ-こここここ – hit the bull’s eye こ - power Katakana こ ここここ- こここ; ここ ここここ- こここ こここ-ここここ(こ) – man of great (physical) strength こここ-ここここここ – physical labor こ - ocean; overseas Left radical- water (ここここ) Right radical- sheep (こここ) (that radical by itself is ここ meaning huge) ここここ- ここ ここここ- None ここ-こここここ – Western food ここ-ここここ – Western clothes こ - clothes Left radical- body (straight left stroke instead of curved こ) ここここ- ここ ここここ- None こ-ここ - clothes ここ-ここここ – Western clothes こ - hall Bottom radical- ここ ここここ- ここ ここここ- None ここ-こここここ – dining hall; diner; cafeteria こ - to instruct Left radical- ここ Right radical- こここ ここここ- ここ ここここ- ここ(ここ) ここ-こここここ - professor ここ-こここここ - class こ - business; vocation Bottom radical- tree (こ) ここここ- こここ ここここ- None ここここ-こここここ - occupation ここ-こここここ - class こ - test; to try Left radical- word (ここここ) Right radical- ceremony (ここ) ここここ- こ ここここ- こここ(ここ) ここ-ここここ – entrance exam ここ-こここ - exam こ - to examine Left radical- horse (ここ) ここここ- ここ ここここ- None ここ-こここ - exam こここ-ここここ - experience こ - to lend; loan Bottom radical- seashell (ここ) Top right radical- change (ここ) ここここ- ここ ここここ- こ(こ) ここ-こ(こ) – to lend ここ-ここここ – reserved; chartered (bus, space) こ - drawing; to devise Inside radical- katakana こ ここここ- こ; こ ここここ- ここ(こ) ここ-ここ - map Grammar Transitive vs. Intransitive Verbs Transitive Intransitive こここ (open something) ここ (something opens) こここ (close something) こここ (something closes) こここ (put something in) こここ (something enters) ここ (take something out) ここ (something goes out) こここ (turn something on) ここ (something turns on) ここ (turn something off) こここ (something turns off) こここ (break something) ここここ (something breaks) こここ (make something dirty) ここここ (something becomes dirty) こここ (drop something) こここ (something drops) こここ (boil water) ここ (water boils) ここここ (begin something) ここここ (something begins) こここ (wake someone) こここ (someone wakes up) Here is an example of transitive vs. intransitive. I began class vs. Class began. A transitive verb is a verb that acts on a direct object (in this case class). Another way to think of it is that in the first sentence “I” did an action (began class) while in the second sentence “class” did the action. In English the only difference is whether a direct object is present or not, but in Japanese, some verbs have different intransitive forms. Therefore, in Japanese this would be こここここなここなこここ vs. こここなここなこここここ Transitive verbs:  Includes a direct object  Describe “situations”  Direct object has こ particle  Focus is on the person performing the action Intransitive:  Does not have a direct object  Object/person performs the action (on its own)  Object/person has こ particle  Describe “changes”  Focus is on the event/action not the person who performs it Verb form pattern: こ,こ, and こendings= intransitive こ endings= transitive こ<->こ ここ<->ここ こ<->ここ こ<->こ ここ<->ここ Exceptions to the pattern: こここここ ここ<->ここ ここ<->こここ こここ<->こここ こここ<->ここ こここ Transitive +ててて describes activities/actions in progress Intransitive + ててて describes changes/resultant state こここここ A こ-form verb + こここ can be used to express an action that was done regretfully or with deliberation/to completion. Short form: ここここ->こここ ここここ->こここ Examples: ここここここここここここここ I wrote the letter (with deliberation). ここここここここここここここ I ate lunch (completely). こここここここここここここここここ I (regretfully) did not finish my homework. ここ こ can be used to say that whenever something happens something else happens (typically as a result). It can be formed by stating phrase 1 in present short-form + こ + phrase 2. This can only be used to describe things that are cause and effect. Things that happen as a result, that are non-controllable. (It can also use used to describe habitual actions, though. Like always skiing in the winter) こis more limited than ここ since ここ simply means one thing is done before the other. ここcan describe one-time events. こcan also be used to describe something that will naturally happen if something happens such as crying if someone were to die. Example: こここここここここここここここ Every time I see a dog I become happy.


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