Anatomy and Physiology Set 2 of 13
Anatomy and Physiology Set 2 of 13 A103
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tarn Notetaker on Saturday November 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to A103 at Republic Polytechnic taught by Felicia Liew in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology in Natural Sciences and Mathematics at Republic Polytechnic.
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Date Created: 11/07/15
tandard Anatomical Position The body has to be standing erect with arms at the side palms facing the front face looking straight ahead farawagarrga Frame i rjgiethe Even if the body is turned upside down the anatomical position of the body would not change Directional Terms Superior or cranial A part above another part Inferior or caudal A part below another part Anterior or ventral Towards the front Posterior or dorsal Towards the back Medial Position that is closer to the imaginary middle of the body Lateral A position that is further from the imaginary middle of the body Proximal Closer to the point of the attachment Distal Further from the point of the attachment Appendicular portion Arms legs attachment Axial portion Head neck trunk Anterior iew Pateri r view La ta Fa mew Wentra ll Dorsal I lLEltEf Ell I I V Medial 39 y I l l Ll r M n H Distal l l Proximal 1 Midline Planes of the bodL Sagittal or lateral Dividing the body into left and right position Transverse or axial or horizontal Divides the body into upper and lower part Coronal or frontal Divides the body into front and back part Oblique Divides the into slanted parts Eagrlfal Plane Em ff I Formal 39lara TIE um 39 h u 4quot Ijriu39iiGJISIEEJ F39lEi l quot Willampr I I 39 l gt a quot757 F l Ea ally Flim e Body Cavities so mania rtairily may G ti Thoracic cavity We niral cavity lhduminal fg39caw y Pelmic cavit39 I 39 li39 hdprnlinnpeluic if cairn Body cavities can be subdivided into two other categories which are the cranial cavity or vertebral cavity Cranial cavity Space inside the skull where the occupies Lined by meninges and cerebrospinal fluid to cushion the brain Made up of 8 cranial bones fused together Thoracic cavity Also known as chest cavity Enclosed by the ribs and is separated by the abdominal cavity Contains the vessel artities esophagus and veins Pelvic cavity Contains the Abdominal cavity Contains the and Membranes Also known as serous membranes Help to separate the organs Provide a lot of lubrication to allow movement and prevent internal injuries Regions of the Abdominal Area y39pgocnondriac 39 region Right Upper Left Upper Quadrant Quadrant Right region Rig ht Lower Left Lower Quadrant Quadrant region 4 region abdominal area Quadrants Descriptions Right Upper Doctors assess this portion to localize pain and tenderness Organs Liver Gall bladder Duodenum the upper portion of the pancreas Hepatic flexure of the colon Right Lower Extends from the median plane to the right side of the body and then from the umbilical plane to the right inguinal ligament Organs Appendix upper portion of the Colon the right Ovary and Fallopian tube in women and the right Ureterpenus Left Upper Formed by the median plane extending to the left of the patient and with the umbilical plane to the left rib cage Organs Stomach Spleen left portion of the Liver Pancreas left portion of Kidney and Adrenal gland Left Lower Located below the umbilicus plane Organs bottom portion of Colon Sigmoid colon left Ovary Fallopian tube and left Uterine tube 9 region abdominal area Quadrants Organs Right hypochondrium Liver Gall bladder Right kidney Small intestine Right lumbar region Gall bladder Liver Right colon Right iliac region Appendix Cecum Epigastric region Stomach Liver Pancreas Duodenum Spleen Adrenal Glands Umbilical region Umbilicus Jejunum lleum Duodenum Hypogastrium Urinary bladder Sigmoid colon female Reproductive organs Left hypochondrium Spleen Colon Left kidney Pancreas Left lumbar region Descending colon Left kidney Left iliac fossa Descending colon Sigmoid colon Hea Pumps blood in a figure 8 pattern and not in a circular direction The heart pumps blood to the lungs then back to the heart than to the rest of the body There is two parts of the heart which are the Atrium and the Ventricle LGRFDE quot iv g l v Heine from luln 95 all Jih M a39 Il ght gxlhl Atrium Fi 1 A Arteries to body iLe ft Right venztr ide ventricle 39 2 Left Helm f Ventricle y gig Ventrtcle lLuup 1mm Right Atrium Receives pooroxygenated blood from the body Pumps the blood into the right ventricle Right Ventricle 1 valve only Pumps blood to the lungs Left Atrium Receives richoxygenated blood from the lungs Pumps blood to the left ventricle Left Ventricle 2 valves Pumps blood all over the body cher useful terms Cadaver Dead body Supine position When the body is lying down faced up Prone position When the body is lying down faced down
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