Developmental Psychology Week 9 notes
Developmental Psychology Week 9 notes PSY 2603
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Kirby on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2603 at University of Oklahoma taught by Lara Mayeux in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
Middle to late childhood Pride and shame become selfgenerated Suppressing or concealing emotions Better emotional management Adolescence Moodiness Disproportionate response; overreacting Depression: gender differences (stronger in girls than in boys) Partly due to hormones, puberty Adulthood Age differences o Older adults report more happiness and satisfaction, better emotional regulation o Younger adults report more negativity, give more attention to negative feelings Socioemotional selectivity theory: o Older adults surround themselves with people with whom they have rewarding relationships “cut out negative people” Infant temperament What is temperament? The tendency to respond to environmental events in predictable ways Building blocks of personality? o Reactivity o Emotion regulation Components of temperament? Activity level Irritability/ negativity of emotion Soothability Fearfulness (anxiety) o How do they handle novelty and unpredictability Sociability Effortful control o Conscious attempt to regulate emotions Influences on temperament Genetic o Biological/ physiological roots (Kagan) Tend to keep the same temperament as they grow up\ o Twin studies: moderate heritability Environmental o Parenting behaviors and goodness of fit o Home environment structured or unpredictable o Cultural influences western (exuberant, extroverted) vs eastern values (reserved, introverted) Categories of temperament Thomas and Chess Easy (40%) o Positive, good sleeper, easy going, not fussy Difficult (10%) o Fussy, don’t sleep well, not adaptable, anxious about anything new Slowtowarmup (15%) o Low intensity of mood, no extremeness of emotion, sort of in between Other 35% babies could not be categorized Implications of temperament Can affect… o Parentchild relationship and attachment (positive reinforces relationship, negative strains) o Social development (routines and structure, introversion and extroversion) o Peer relationships (more irritable can be aggressive or reactive in playing, introverted and shy may have difficulty establishing relationships) Attachment and love What is attachment? A close emotional bond between two people Parentchild (most research) Romantic relationships Measuring attachment: the strange situation (video clip) What is important when we measure attachment? separation anxiety when mother leaves reunion behavior when mother returns Individual differences in attachment 1. Secure attachment (6065% of American infants) a. Use mom as secure base b. Upset by separation from mom c. Seek proximity to mom when she returns 2. Insecureavoidant attachment (20%) a. Little distress when mom leaves b. Sometimes, distress at moms second departure c. Ignore, avoid, or turn away from mom when she returns 3. Insecureresistant attachment (1015%) a. Extremely upset at separation b. Ambivalent about mom’s return c. Often appear angry at reunion 4. Insecuredisorganized (510%) a. Upset at separation, sometimes to the point of disturbance (selfsoothing behaviors, “swimming”) b. At reunion, unpredictable What affects attachment quality? Quality of caregiving o Secure infants have parents who tend to show high levels of… Sensitivity Positive attitude Responsiveness o Resistant infants tend to have parents who are… Inconsistent Unresponsive Negative o Avoidant infants have parents who are… Rejecting Negative Don’t always respond to needs
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