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Introduction to International Relations Week 8

by: Ellie Gluhosky

Introduction to International Relations Week 8 32124

Marketplace > University of Montana > Public Relations > 32124 > Introduction to International Relations Week 8
Ellie Gluhosky
GPA 4.0

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Hey! Here are week 8 notes!
PSCI 230X-01
Karen Adams
Class Notes
political science, Introduction to International Relations, PSCI-230X
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie Gluhosky on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 32124 at University of Montana taught by Karen Adams in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see PSCI 230X-01 in Public Relations at University of Montana.


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Date Created: 03/27/16
Week 8 (Introduction to International Relations) A Couple of Terms…  Irredentism- relates to nationalism in an ethnic sense, policy of people without a state in an attempt to acquire a state, can be a source of conflict  Ethnic Cleansing- attempting to remove a certain ethnic group from a territory- Turkey attempting to eliminate Turkish Kurds- genocide is an extreme form of ethnic cleansing Alternatives to International Conflict  Causes of International Cooperation o Realist- cooperate with a background of bad human nature (conflict and competition), view of anarchy (on competitive issues, can choose conflict, self- help leads to a security dilemma, or state power leadership). o Idealist- similar states should be able to cooperate with each other, there should be more democracy to increase cooperation, history can change, more states working under the UN, more interdependence, etc., alter the way of thinking to focus more on human identity rather than national security.  National security is the focus of realists vs. collective security which is the focus of idealists.  Avenues of cooperation- how do we turn the anarchic realm into hierarchal realm?- Possibly by getting states to surrender their sovereignty to a world government (idealist), however security dilemmas are still possible. o International organization- can become a stable, predictable world system- hypothetical situation right now.  Either replace anarchy with hierarchy: world government Or:  Strengthen anarchy with international organization. o International law- can have a hierarchy that is highly functional and involves law or a hierarchy that has a leader deciding everything.  IGOs- states belong to- UN, states decide who other states are.  NGOs- nonprofits, usually work within their domestic boundaries, however some work intentionally, individuals belong to NGOs. Amnesty International, Red Cross, Doctors without Borders, etc.  First IGO was the League of Nations created by Woodrow Wilson- failed, did not contain the U.S, and was not effective. End of WWII, allies wanted to create a better system- United Nations.  The United Nations  Security Council- highest authority, decides what a security issue is, general assembly cannot decide, 5 permanent members- U.S, China, U.K, France, Russia, all of which have veto power.  General Assembly- parliament style, one state= one vote, containing delegates. o Delegates report to the Secretariat, leader of the general assembly.


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