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Week 11 Notes

by: Cynthia Bressler

Week 11 Notes Music 170

Cynthia Bressler
GPA 4.0
History of Rock and Roll
Dr. Maxwell

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About this Document

History of Rock and Roll
Dr. Maxwell
Class Notes
#Maxwell #KSU #music170 #rockandroll
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cynthia Bressler on Saturday November 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 170 at Kansas State University taught by Dr. Maxwell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 11/07/15
Week 11 Notes Important bands in Los Angeles The Doors Formed in 1965 by singerlyricist Jim Morrison Music amp lyrics explored the dark side of emotions and drug use Morrison s determination to explore forbidden topics 0 Break on Throughquot mentions bad tripquot experiences Through all their albums lyrics focus on negative issues 0 Morrison developed an onstage persona to convey these concepts the Lizard Kingquot Doors had several hit singles during the late 1960s as they refined their musical style 0 Hello I Love Youquot 1968 Touch Mequot 1969 Love Her Madlyquot 1971 Morrison died in mysterious circumstances in 1971 Iron Butter y Formed in San Diego in 1966 Second album became a rock classic InAGaddaDaVida 1968 0 Title track is 17 minutes long Menacing organ intro much of song is instrumental solo an edited single version reached 30 on US charts in 68 The Monterey Pop Festival First festival was in Monterey California in June 1967 o Organized by John Phillips from the Mamas amp Papas and producer Lou Adler o Modeled after the Monterey Jazz Festival Many other similar concerts took place in the next 2 years 0 Newport Miami Toronto Atlanta 0 TONS ofhippies attended Woodstock Festival Culmination of the rock festival era Held on a large farm in Bethel New York on August 1517 1969 Tremendously successful Around 400K people attended There were problems that were overcome or simply put up with o Overwhelming attendance Roadways were closed in upstate NY 0 Fans turned up without tickets amp got in for free 0 Rain created a huge muddy mess 0 Security forces were too small Everything went well in the communal hippie spirit of fellowship American amp British bands were featured o Grateful Dead Iimi Hendrix Jefferson Airplane Ianis Hoplin Who Santana The Altamont rock festival the violent end of the peacelove movement Altamont Speedway in Livermore CA held in Dec 1969 Rolling Stones planned a free show in San Francisco s Golden Gate Park 0 For faithful hippie subculture o The Stones considered it a thank you to their loyal fans Poor planning cause problems 0 San Fran city officials canceled it amp it was moved in Altamont Speedway Hells Angels motorcycle gang was hired as security Leaders of the gang weren t there to maintain control Fans were beaten if they got too close to stage Even musicians were beaten up Jefferson Airplane s Marty Balin was knocked out Stones were shooting a documentary film and waited till nightfall to play Gimme Shelter 1970 o A long period of time elapsed w no music fans became unruly 0 When the Stones did play the crowd and Hells Angels went out of control 0 A young black fan Meredith Hunter was stabbed to death by a Hells Angel 0 O O 0 American pop on both coasts Phil Spector continues onward o Achieved his greatest successes in the months after the Beatles arrived I The Crystals Doo Doo Ron Ronquot 1964 The Ronettes Be My Babyquot 1964 o Spector amp the Righteous Brothers hit with big singles You ve Lost that Loving Feelingquot 1965 He hoped River Deep Mountain Highquot would be his greatest record ever 0 Sung by Tina Turner Failed in charts 1966 went to 3 in UK Later produced some Beatlesrelated projects that went to number 1 0 Let It Bequot All Things Must Passquot Imagine Beach Boys were in direct competition with the Beatles Both groups were on Capitol records 0 Capitol was at that time owned by EMI The Beatles parent label Brian Wilson decided to stop touring with the beach Boys in Dec 1964 Wilson continually developed very sophisticated writing arranging amp production techniques Help me Rhondaquot 1965 California Girlsquot 1965 The album Pet Sounds 1966 upped the standard for record production and arranging 0 God only Knowsquot is the best example The Beach Boys Brian Wilson becomes Phil Spector Beach Boys continued to have hits after the Beatles arrived I Get Aroundquot Pet Sounds became such an in uential album that it pushed the Beach Boys to do more with their sound style amp production Good Vibrationsquot became a new model Sonny amp Cher Sonny had been involved in the LA music scene since the 1950s 0 Assigned to Little Richard before the singer decided to give up rock for the ministry Handled promotion for Phil Spector s label Philes Records Sonny amp Cher released 3 unsuccessful singles in 1963 as Caesar amp Cleo 0 Sonny produced Cher s cover of Dylan s All I really Want to Doquot I Went to 15 Caused Byrds version to stall in charts 0 I Got You Babequot put them really on the charts They developed into cultural icons 0 Known for their outlandish hippie attire amp long hair I Youth culture embraced it Eventually hosted their own network TV variety show that was very successful 0 By the time that happened they were considered to be family entertainmentquot 0 Employed humor on their show amp were considered America s Sweetheart Couple The Four Seasons Highly successful vocal group an East coast answer to the Beach Boys vocal arrangements 0 Lead singer Frankie Valli used high falsetto Overall vocal sound was tight amp powerful Four Seasons had a long string of hits through the first half of the 1960s 0 Sherry Big Girls Don t Cryquot Garage Bands No professional experience necessary Amateur musicians bought guitars basses amp drums and occasionally keyboards 0 They formed bands amp they practiced in garages or basements o Often the goal was to merely play gigs locally at parties or school dances The Kingsmen amp Louie Louiequot 0 Garage band that succeeded with their 50 recording of a 1964 calypso in uenced rhythm amp blues song I Band is from Portland Oregon Recording was also made in that area 0 Rose to 2 but poor quality caused controversy 19605 rock amp roll television American Bandstand meets A Hard Day s Night Fictitious bands Monkees concept 0 The Archies a rock band cartoon show I Single from the show Sugar Sugarquot topped both US amp UK charts 0 All songs belonging to pretend bands were in a style that appeared to youth 0 This young teen pop style was named for a substance present in nearly all young teen mouths bubblegum music Folk RockPop Movement The Turtles A folk rock group that went pop Turtles started their career by singing Bob Dylan songs Moved towards Mainstream Pop sound 0 Happy Togetherquot 1967 Mamas amp the Papas A quartet of highly skilled singers formed in New York Move to LA w other folk artists They had several hits that blended pop rock amp folk music Had a weird love square eventually Cass died and group broke up SingerSongwriters 0 Roots are in folk music of the 19605 particularly Dylan amp late Beatles songs 0 Lyrics were meant to appear as though they were from personal experience 0 These artists were the antithesis of glam amp theater rock artists I Glam amp theater rock artists were presenting an artificial persona I Singersongwriters were perceived as genuine observers of the human condition James Taylor One of the first artists signed to the Beatles new Apple label 0 james Taylor 1968 did not chart 0 It contained Caroline on My Mindquot which became popular Taylor continued his success through the first half of the 1970s Carol King Moved from songwriter into the artist role in 1970s Became one of the most important female artists of the 1970s Several hit albums amp singles from those Sung about realities of life Transition away from Psychedelic era 0 Tapestry 1970 It s Too Latequot p1 1971 Music 1972 Rhymes amp Reason 1972 Paul Simon Continued on as a solo singersongwriter after a successful five years with partner Art Garfunkel Simon incorporated nonrock styles into his wellcrafted songs 0 Iamaican musicians provided backup tracks before reggae was popular Simon increasingly added jazz elements in his music Elton John First big hit single Your Songquot Series of hugely successful albums Elton John s songs are all written with lyrics Bernie Taupin Tiny Dancerquot Iohn formed a band in the early 1970s Billy Joel First big success was with his second album Piano Man 1973 o Contained track Piano Manquot Bruce Springsteen Backed by the EStreet Band Sprinsteen s lyrics were understood to be largely autobiographical and frequently confessional


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