JUS 444 Week 12 Notes
JUS 444 Week 12 Notes JUS 444
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kali Notetaker on Saturday November 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to JUS 444 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richter in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Environmental Justice in Environmental Science at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 11/07/15
JUS 444 Week 121 Exam 5 short answers Essay Thursday 52015 Nuclear E 0 Total accounting of waste and effects Equity how can we account for all of these materials 0 Sound science we can trust in sound science Investigate secrecy 0 Larger issues Transportation intergenerational concerns Power energy and waste 0 Michel Foucault power exercised at the margins what disappears is forgotten or exercised from history 0 Creation of National Sacri ce Zones Nuclear discourses o How do we assign language to our value systems 0 Discursive formations what kinds of languages do we use to rationalizeresist material effects Concept of the wasteland How do we discuss the places on the US that are so polluted that they cannot be used for anything other than waste 0 Nuclear colonialism Using native lands for inequitable resource extraction and testing of nuclear materials waste too Con ict between two historically different idea Anglo America barren and unproductive Native America sacred land Yucca Mountain 0 Tribal lands Goshute Tribe Southern Paiute Western Shoshone 0 Hold commercial spent nuclear fuel 0 Demarcating sacri ce zones is a political not scienti c project 0 Social and environmental effects are hidden or omitted Nuclear West Uranium mining o Delocalized effects of uranium and waste Uranium Mill and Mine Tailings o Context of uranium mining in SW Cold war imperative Boom and bust industries Four corners and Colorado 0 Yellow Cake Towns built speci cally for uranium mining 0 Private industry 0 Nuclear power boom 0 Cleanup DOE o Navajo Nation 0 Role of Federalism o Booms largely driven by federal needs 0 Economics separate from actual need 0 After 1980 s jobs with uranium related to cleanup measures 0 Commercial boom is 1970 s also linked to federal needsembargosaccess to foreign markets Leetso The Yellow Monster Uranium a known dangerous substance for Navajos 0 Should remain in the Earth Mining conditions no warning or protective measures George Tutt Compensation undocumented workers hard to track 0 Industry Loss of options sheep railroads agriculture 0 Larger issues radiated food mine tailings contaminated soil and water Lingering issues 0 Lack of protection and warnings for relatives Physical injuries and radiation sickness Cancers Normalized marginalization Danger from long term exposure to radioactive soils 0 Part of longer pattern of victimizations and marginalization Lack of health care Culled sheep herds Accountability Affected populations 0 Down winders St George UT Planned to detonate nuclear bombs while winds went East not West St George people don t matter as much 0 Test site employees Nevada Watched the explosion 0 Native Americans MRS Uranium 0 Hispanic Communities Los Alamos NM Psychological Effects 0 O O O O Ethnography qualitative gather evidence from people who have experienced this rst hand De ning disasters continuum form natural to human caused Anxiety depression PTSD Feeling betrayed mistrust fear of future and present effects Secondary loses trust in normal environment is gone affects all members of society UMTRA 1978 O O O O Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Monitor cleanup of uranium sites Project Moab UT move 16 million tons from Colorado River 30 miles north 2025 Basically moving large piles of waste from one area to another RECA 1990 O O O 0 Radiation Exposure Compensations Act Basically give money to those who worked in uranium miners and received cancer 50k for down winders of NTS 75k above ground test 100k for uranium miners 19511958 and 1962 is all it accounted for narrow dates 2000 amendment for mill workers and ore transporters other illnesses lowered threshold for miners medical documentation and lifestyle restrictions if you smoked and got cancer you did not get compensation assumed that cancer came form smoking Very difficult to gain compensation and recognition Navajo Response 0 0 Education and communication paramount Ban on any uranium practice in 2005 Ban provisionally lifted 2013 Science and the Classi cation System 0 O 0 Looking at expertise over lived experience Look at nuclear waste how it is produced but not in terms of whether the half life is long Who decides if its sound science NWPA 1982 O O 0 Find permanent deep geologic site as permanent repository for commercial nuclear waste Legally obligated to secure a place to put the waste Problems in practice to locate sites Potential risks for waste sites were unknown Need reasonable assurance of safety but what is considered safe Adequate protection from radiation what do we consider unsafe radiation Competing sciences changing parameters of safety 0 Someone studying water had a different safety parameter compared to someone who studied nuclear 0 Solutions for waste Nuclear Waste Policy Act 1982 Looking for two test sites one in the east and one in the west Yucca quickly decided upon because it was poor states in the east declined any nuclear waste had the money to prevent it Methods HOSS Hardened On Site Storage MRS Geologic disposal Yucca Mountain and WIPP reprocessing Congressional mandatelaw 0 MRS Monitored Retrievable Storage 0 Poverty and history occluded by altruistic opportunity 0 Targeted Native Americans because they re so in tuned with the land and therefore can take care of it better 0 quotEnvironmental sensitivityquot and stewardship of land 0 Criteria of Eternal Waste 0 Any site that is going to be secured for nuclear waste needs to be secured for 10000 years 0 Nuclear waste sites criteria of expendability Low population density Arid no water no moisture Nonproductive area no agriculture income or industry 0 Only one place was found in the US Waste Isolation Pilot Plant NM Visions of WlPP 0 Geologic pro le 2000 feet down and there s 100 feet of salt Exam Review 0 Major framework Efficiency and equity
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