Week 11 of Philosophy Notes
Week 11 of Philosophy Notes PHIL 1000 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Saturday November 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 11/07/15
Philosophy 1000 Descartes Meditation ll Can he be certain of anything 0 Descartes is certain that he exists 0 Even if there s an evil demon deceiving you or if you re dreaming you still exist 0 quotI think therefore I am derived from this Can he know what he is 0 Apply method of doubt to his own opinions about what he is 0 He can doubt that he has a body face etc Descartes Argument 1 I am certain I think 2 I m not certain I eat breathe move 3 50 thought is part of my nature but eating breathing and moving aren t Masked Man Fallacy 1 I know who my father is at a masked party 2 I don t know who the masked man is 3 So the masked man isn t my father 0 Premises about differences in knowledge or certainty do not entail conclusions about the nature of things 0 It s hard to derive metaphysical conclusions from epistemological premises 0 Metaphysical claims about how things are their nature 0 Epistemological claims about what we know or don t know Wax Argument 1 The senses can only give me knowledge of X 2 But the wax is more than X 3 So the senses cannot give me knowledge of the wax 0 We might think we know things nature through the senses but we really don t 0 This applies not only for the wax but to ourselves as well Descartes and Dualism o Descartes is a substance duelist mind is different from the body 0 The mind is what thinks and doesn t occupy space 0 The body occupies space but can t think 2 Arguments o Argument from divisibility 1 Body is divisible 2 Mind isn t divisible 3 So mind is distinct from the body 0 Argument from clear and distinct understanding 1 If I can clearly and distinctly understand one thing apart from another they re distinct 2 I can clearly and distinctly understand myself apart from my body 3 So I am distinct from my body 0 Suppose substance dualism is true How can the mind and body affect one another The Ship Disanalogy 0 quotI m not merely present in my body like a sailor in a ship 0 quotI and the body form a unit Elizabeth s Question o How can a inphysical thing get a material thing to move and create voluntary action 0 Descartes We shouldn t compare mindbody relations to bodybody relations 0 How can we conceive a mindbody causation if minds are immaterial and bodies are material Other Questions 0 Why does one mind only effect one body 0 Doesn t a previous state of body explain its current state What room is there for the mind to explain the current bodily state