Introduction to International Relations Week 9
Introduction to International Relations Week 9 32124
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie Gluhosky on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 32124 at University of Montana taught by Karen Adams in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see PSCI 230X-01 in Public Relations at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
Introduction to International Relations (Week 9) The United Nations There have been two successful collective security military acts in the history of the UN. o North Korea invasion of South Korea Russia did not intervene in the Security Council’s decision to intervene in South Korea. o 1990 Iraq Removal of Iraq from Kuwait, the reason it was the last one is because of the way the U.S executed the plan with many things done without the approval of the Security Council. The UN is still useful for establishing economic and social laws as well as the establishment of the Human Rights Council, however all real problems eventually get back to the Security Council. o Programs within the general assembly such as UNICEF etc., have been very effective. o Peacekeeping forces- authorized by the Security Council Different than collective security which is more proactive in establishing laws. What will happen to the Security Council? U.S and China are the two largest economies in the world. Japan and Germany do not have permanent seats in the Security Council- dates back to the origin of the UN (fighting the axis powers). If it cannot be reformed to accurately reflect the power distribution of the world, then it is likely to fall apart. Human Rights o ICC- if your country is a member, then an individual can appeal to the ICC. Most recent have been African Civil wars. International Law International Law- law that transcends borders. o Historically has been law applied to states, very rare for international law to be applied to cooperations or individual people. o Regularity and predictability to domestic law, domestic law is very different from international law, blind justice, enforcement and protection/safety. International law, states can make laws, choose to follow laws etc. o Sources Treaties- most recently have been human rights treaties, rights of the child etc. Most frequent and strongest form of international law. Strongest treaties are those that states willingly sign. Customs, principles, legal scholarships Constructivist ideas on forming a new way of thinking. o Types Diplomatic law Diplomats have immunity and special privileges. Treating a person as an embodiment of sovereignty, war is avoided over simple things, however causes many problems, drug smuggling is an example. Laws of War o Geneva conventions- defines the ways of war- cannot target civilians, disproportionate weaponry or attacks etc., things that are illegal to do in war. In everyone’s best interest to follow the rules, most states do follow. U.S has been contested because of treatment of Iraqi prisoners at Guantanamo In International law, there is no irrevocability, states can almost always pull out, even when it comes to treaties. o Almost all treaties have escape clauses pertaining to international security. Also there is no enforcement of states if they do not keep their promises. World Court (International Court of Justice) o States decide on a case-by-case basis whether or not they want to have their case disputed in World Court. Nicaragua sued the U.S in the World Court, U.S decided to hear the case but decided to hear the case but decided not to follow the verdict, even though the World Court ruled them unlawful. o Very weak branch of law. States decide not to follow the written verdict if it doesn’t suit them. o Most often used for the establishment of boundary lines, easier for the countries for the ICJ to draw the lines. o Only has jurisdiction over issues involving the UN charter and only about UN members (states). o NO supreme law or court, however even if there was, there would be no one to enforce it.
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