Major Minerals FDNS 2100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Lindler on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FDNS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Barbara M. Grossman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Human Nutrition and Food in Human Development at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
Major Minerals I Mineral Major Dietary Deficiency Other info Functions Source Symptoms Calcium 7 99 of calcium milk and ii 39 To decrease bone loss EF r Strueture of bones teeth milk products suent disease till 9 walking and abundant 1 dissolved in blood for soy milk elderly r a r 39 mineral in Muscle contraction r Adequate 7 the body N erve transmission i 7 Adeguatei v I regulation dish With bones after menopause sardines I Bone mass peaks 20 yrs Hi the phosphorous s it39 I i t Pi K Phosphorus i m 39 i a ppetite loss 2nd most Major w animal protein eon i i abundant Part of Ilegumes 1 impaired growth decreases Ca absorption mineral Role in metabolism dairy products in the body I it i i i a 7 fish Component of bones 39dark green muscle cramps 39lmportant to n i foods i impaired metabolism r i quot i3 7 legumes v Seizures u muscle whole grains contractionblood clotting anuts Prevented Protects against hypertension sodium 39 i t foods muscle cramps 39Sall pill 39 s 7 quotr of cell 1quot l ggof intake quot 7 for endurance athletes wFluidfelectrolyte balance table salt 39 a 7 use tr e l 39Nenre transmission condirnents rMuscle contraction Isauoes Diets rarely lack sodium ilf 7w W alsoups llla intake increases the 7 risk 39 39 7 quot Potassium 2 Ext a i 7 afresh fruitsveg seen in dehydration Toxicity g meatr milk 39musele weakness c 1 i l lFluidieiectrolyte balance whole grains 1 39oonfusion leg heart patients Nerve transmission quotl i T l 39 39 Magnesium 31 r i 1 I 39Musple contraction Pot ltria nd Sodium Chloride i i i rt is table salt rare 7 the cell processed 39seen in excessive Fluidi electrolyte balance i foods vomiting 12 i a 39 hydrocholoric acid Vsome veggies 39 Sulfur ulfur is not used as a all protein 9 nutrient by itself but is containing Deficiency is foods unknown Bridges in f def would 1 39 x occur first 39AcidIEase balance w i 7 7 ran Blood Calcium is low Intestines absorb more Ca Bones release Ca Kidneys excreteiess Ca need Vita D olood calcium is maintained at the expense of bones N Trace l sir an ltr l l Trace mineral content of food lent 39 Em l tutor r if tr ti Deficiencies are typically failure to thrive and grow TM used in all body systems 39 TM ii at intakes rye for l um l i aggrny ry 39 r FDA cannot limit amounts in supplements among them Ii 39 quotTiff u L a u on 39 1 2r or n Mr fi t lf take too much can lead to deficiencies of others Iodine Functions component of Trio Wm til k hormone Deficiency Goiter enlargement of Thyrid gland Cretinism def during pregnancy gt retardation Sources iodized salt seafood 27213 1 world39s major source from Functions part tofl39utncfglit llgnu and I Forms of Iron Nonhemei39and Heme E is found in iquotquotquotand is absorbed t 7 is found in l meat fish etc and is Deficiency mar 9 a r v tel t 7 7 a 7 of iron stores with low hemoglobin concentration Absorption increased by Vit C pregnancy childhood lien a i quotJET u Absorption decreased by tannicacid coffeeftea calcium 8 phosohorousfr r Togtlticity hemochromatosis ailin alarmiv nun 7 39 lron Poisoning children accidentally taking iron egmother39s pills I n 7 W as few as 5 pills grainsfcereals green leafy veggies carry and release it u than nonheme tip 1 quotr V L o gt i E j a use i z r 1 t Ill u I Jquot r Sources meayfish enriched Zinc immune system vitamin A i1 4quot l ri i r Functions important in many enzymes inS ulini quotJi i littlest 3973 r n a r ll orljr 39139 rl39 L If f gll 39 I I Toxicity can occur from excess 739quot l i no i containing cold remedies w Deficiency growth retardation arrested fat nul l39 Impaired immune function brain function thyroid taste wound healing Sources shell sh esp out r l meats poultry liver whole grains quot3 if 2 iii w I I I 39I Selenium Functions works as an Errorsr a or makes quotl r I Deficiency may increase risk for heart disease a gources meats and other animal products whole grains I i active Fluoride w Functions forms crystal structure of we o Deficiency increased risk of dental caries l yr i Toxicity in communities where water F is too high see i r l 7 Sources best source is rt r in r r 45 of US has access to Fl drnking water I n n l quotU l 39 F V a r a V n 1 If quot Li lt39 39 J J J T 41 t l39 i quot In tlit39nt rimquot tH W 339 Chromium Functions associated with insulin to l c A l of into cells chromium supplements n help lose fat and build muscle may help with diabetes Sources meats egg yolks whole grains ireg oils nuts fit to o Copper Functions l rgr l out tar collagen synthesis works with many antioxidant enzymes Deficiency rare can occurwith ll It 7 7 excess see vomiting diarrhea liver damage Sources legumes whole grains nuts organ meats seeds dried fruits Water Balance Find n from Adrenal Glands and Antidiruetic Hormone ADH from rlttlfrtrmyact on kidneys to retain water J Electrolytes Salts that dissolve in water and dissociate separate Electrolytes Attract Examples are Sodium Potassium Chloride Electrolytes create r2 1 a pressure caused by water following electrolytes within or between cells
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