Week of November 2 - November 6
Week of November 2 - November 6 HI 1063
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grey Garris on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
IX The Antebellum South and North What caused the Civil War IV A Everybody has an opinion some more informed than others but the result is that there is little consensus on the reason for the Civil War s occurrence Cultural Similarities Between the North and South A Nationalism Both sides believed deeply in the American Revolution and in the idea of the Union itself They both believed in the new idea of Exceptionalism which stated that America was something new and great and different from all other nations Religion The predominant faith was Protestant Christianity but there were no real clashes between those of different religions either Their faith worked in Nationalist favor as it was viewed that God favored the Union Political Culture Both sides were predominantly run by Republicanism and the idea that the people had true sovereignty Capitalism Both sides favored the Capitalist ideals for they both believed in the idea of rising above your original status via the market The only difference between the two was in that the North believed in that idea for anyone where the South viewed that as something necessary for the gentry instead of the lower classes Slavery Slavery was still a national system as the North was economically complicit in its existence The South used slavery to make their crops and then the North acted as the financial managers and traders for slavelabor made products By 1860 Slavery had become the 1 industry in the Union its value in today s money would be around 70 Billion Differences in Political Culture A Power vs Liberty The Power of the Central Government and its relationship to the liberty of the people were very passionate topics Every person had a different viewpoint on the relationship but it was more common in the North to view the Government as more needed while the South viewed personal freedom for white males at least as paramount The Antebellum South A Alexander H Stevenson s Confederacy The former Georgia Senator became the Vice President B of the Confederacy and made a speech to Virginia about the nature and necessity of slavery The White Southern Worldview 1 AntiModernism The South generally held disdain for the corruptive influences of the modern market culture They feared that progress in society would undermine stability There was a high suspicion of education as it would allow those of lower class to better themselves and be discontented with their lot again a threat to the stability of the social order 2 Agrarianism This idea stemmed from Thomas Jefferson and focused on the idea that rural life was noble and it removed oneself from corruption Viewed as a way of moving up the social ladder via being able to make yourself better on your own 3 Honor The reputation of individuals governed the society itself C An Agricultural Region 1 Economic Underdevelopment Everything in the South was focused on Agriculture instead of the industry that was so heavy in the North This was essentially a Plantation Culture where all available resources went into farming the exceptional soils of the South and West 2 Cotton Economy The most valuable crop ever produced The South was the biggest global supplier and due to this it had an economic value in its cotton that exceeded nearly every other nation on earth if the South stood alone G 3 Mississippi River Valley The epicenter of the Southern economy The most fertile land available in the entire region The cotton industry moved here and as it expanded so did slavery As slavery and the cotton economy moved into the area so did the political power of the South This area became the wealthiest in the nation with Adams County being the wealthiest County and Mississippi itself the wealthiest state South As A Slave Society The society was built entirely on the slavery culture It was ruled by the Slaveholding Class that represented only a miniscule portion of the society s number but nearly all of its wealth Proslavery Ideology 1 Faith in the Societal Order There was the idea that society was built on a set of particular functions and that if any of them were violated or removed then the whole of society would coHapse 2 Biblical Religious argument for the idea that since slavery existed in the Bible then it was acceptable for it to exist in the society 3 Historical The It s Always Been Donequot argument This was hard to work with the spirit of the Revolution and Jefferson himself 4 Economic The most impersonal argument which merely stated that since the economy was built on slavery s existence its removal would collapse the economy 5 Necessary Evil Stated that slavery was an awful institution but it was necessary for the proper functioning of the society 6 Racial lnferiority The idea that blacks were naturally beneath whites in every conceivable way White Southern Yeoman The roughly 75 of the white population that did not hold slaves and were largely separate They were kept in control because the planters who they hated for being wealthier than them told them that they were at least not black which made them hate the planters less and the blacks more In essence the slaveholders said at least you re not blackquot and the Yeoman agreed which let those in power stay in power because the ones below them were busy fighting against the other people below them Conclusion Slavery was an enormous institution and the powerhouse of the Southern economy and to some extent the national as well V The Antebellum North A Approaching the Antebellum North Slavery had once existed in the North but it died out as it was not economically profitable Northern skepticism of slavery also grew from the religious aspect in viewing it as the cruel and disgusting thing it was The Market Revolution 1 Scale of Economic Change There was a significant change in the relationship between people and money as well as the market itself There was a more diversified and powerful market 2 Free Labor and Mobility The Market was viewed as a way to defend the common man as able to move up or down economically in society as he chose Believed in the ability to change one s own status This differed from the South in that mobility was attributed to the Market instead of slaveholding 3 Progress The makeyourself idea grew Manifest Destiny came about and when the two sides North and South moved to the West together their ideas didn t mix very well National Change to National Reform The time period of 1815 to 1840 saw signiciant and rapid societal change This kind of rapid change tends to make people nervous AntiSlavery Movement The Democratic society gave the majority of people that supported slavery more control over the system than the minority of people who wanted to see it gone 1 Problem of AntiSlavery and Race The movement was built on factions of ideas Nobody could ignore the fact that since this was racial slavery they would have to address whether the races were equal or not
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