Week Ten notes
Week Ten notes HDF 302-02
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Roosa on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 302-02 at Central Michigan University taught by Linda Traum in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Infant and Child Development in Education and Teacher Studies at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
Date 11215 Chapter 8 Focus on attachment 1 Social and Language Development a Attachment Lasting emotional tie between people such that the individual strives to maintain closeness to the object of attachment and acts to ensure that the relationship continues b Theoretical Perspectives of attachment Behavior ecology theory adults caregiving responses are triggered in the presence of infants and young children and infants are innately drawn to caregiver Study of classic attachment with Harlow s Monkeys 1 Contrary to the predictions of psychoanalytic theory physical contact with the mother was more important than food in the formation of attachments 2 Contrary to the predictions of learning theory monkeys became attached to the soft object an innate preference and not to the object that gave positive reinforcement c Development of attachment Attachment system network of feeling and cognitions related to the object of attachment Attachment behavior overt signals such as crying amp following that bring parent amp child into close proximity Infants are attached to their parent or caregiver however the security the infant feels with that attachment very Date 11215 d Attachment in infancy and later behavior i Attachment has lasting effects because of an internal working model ii The sense of self and other people can be predicted with the type of attachment the infant has to their caregiver e Kinds of attachment i securely attached ii insecurely attached resistant iii insecurely attached avoidant iv disorganizeddisoriented f Attachment quality if assessed with Ainsworth strange situation test i Series of separations and reunions between infant and parent ii the ASST and the four types of attachment quality have been shown to be highly reliable and valid iii a baby who is classified as securely attached at one age will typically remain so at later ages but not always 2 Secure Attachment a During ASST the infant will i Be interested in objects amp in the stranger ii Get acquainted with the unfamiliar setting using the caregiver as a secure base from which to explore iii Feel comfortable and secure in most situations b During the reunion and after being comforted by caregiver Date 11215 i Infant will return to independent play 3 Insecure Attachment Resistant a During ASST the infant will i be upset ii be temperamentally vulnerable to stress iii have limited coping skills iv show limited independent exploration v have mothers who are inconsistently available b During the reunion and after being comforted by caregiver i show ambivalent responses first approaching the mother amp then pushing her away 4 Insecure Attachment avoidant a During ASST the infant will i may actively resist any attempts to be comforted ii seem neutral in their emotions regarding the mother but show physiological arousal indicative of masked anger b During the reunion and after being comforted by caregiver i Will tend to avoid caregivers during the reunion stage Watch the following link on attachment test gt httpswwwvoutubecomwatchv9HGOSAIIH6Y for class on November 4th we worked on our final assignement
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