Week 9/10 M,W,F
Week 9/10 M,W,F HIST225
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Notetaker on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST225 at James Madison University taught by Shaun Mooney in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Intro to American History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
I John Muir REFER TO WEEK 11 HAND IN Redwood Trees longest living things on earth God protected them Discovery TreeDancing Logging for construction Strict father went on a walk from Indiana to Florida moved to Yosemite Valley founder of Sierra Club still in existence today Save the Redwoods desire for nature concentration obstacles he faces establishing responsibility and civil obligation wrongdoings still continues more work to be done Became known as father for National Parks writings inspired President Roosevelt ll Antiquities Act How is this Act important to the development of the relationship between the President and Congress first riff and barrier between Congress and the President was essentially good it established the Presidential power and executive forces needed to stay in power should essentially have a bonded power and force and work together doesn t always work like this but should ideally be working together long term ramifications role of Congress president begins to take on role of decision maker president can just do these things changes dynamic Congress comes back and begins to limit Key Words amp Concepts How new was the New South Plessy vs Ferguson Jim Crow laws deskilling Black disfranchisement poll taxes and grandfather clauses spread of racial segregation New West transcontinental railroad Federal Indian policy Dawes Act 1887 Economic development of West Homestead Act 1862 i How new was the new south Economy new industries growth of cities railroads Democratic party dominates politics after 1877 Situation of women and blacks changes Women more active in jobs civic work reform Blacks more isolated have less political power Reform child labor and voting rights ii Changing race relations in the South between end of Reconstructiona dn early 1890s still pretty fluid in late 1880searly 1990s growing racial tension lynchings in early 1890s emergence of segregation by law 1896 Plessy v Ferguson black face and lynching begins racial stereotypes iii Plessy v Ferguson 1896 decision Louisiana s railroad segregation law does NOT violate the Constitution RESULT expansion of Segregation by law iv Strategies for reducing or eliminating the black vote in the South poHtaxes secret ballots literacy amp educational qualifications for voting grandfather clauses Booker T Washington v W E B Du bois did not get along Du Boispolitical power Washington training and economic progress American West new cessions Key Words amp Concepts Settlement and Development of the West Homestead Act 1862 Gilded Age Rise of Corporations Vertical and horizontal integration Changing nature of work Gospel of Wealth and Social Darwinism Workers strikes amp uprisings Knights of Labor and AFL Immigration amp Nativism Great Migration Expansion of Cities Suburbanization amp Consumerism I As we move westward there is a very large import of immigrants work force that is changing rapidly massive movement from rural to urban same movement today ll Appearance of large corporations had a ripple effect on the economy changed the nature of work reduced competition and gained dominance through vertical integration consolidating and controlling all functions related to a particular industry horizontal integration mergers Concentrated control of industry in the hands of a few powerful corporations fed overall industrial expansion politically and economically control Ill Industrialization allowed the middle class to buy things that were once unavailable to them modern affluence can now afford to buy things women begin to take on roles that men typically dominant no government to provide a safety net RESULT thousands of people die of starvation and hunger in late 19th century IV 19th Century ideas relating to social amp economic position gospel of wealth Carnegie self made man comes from nothing argues that the wealthy should give that wealth back to society it is a responsibility to utilize that wealth not without condition give money to institutions or organizations that know how to utilize it Social Darwinism inheritance was not a good thing V Major Strikes and Uprisings in the late 19th Century great uprising 1877 Haymarket Square Uprising 1886 Homestead strike 1892 Pullman Strike 1894 federal government general will side w the corporation and businesses of each of these events does not side with organized labor this will changers
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