Life Cycle Development - Week11 Notes
Life Cycle Development - Week11 Notes PSYC 2310
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Saiz on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Lawrence Cohn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Life Cycle Developmemt in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
Week 11 Life Cycle Development Smetana Study 102 teens and their parents from grades 512 Asked to go into separate rooms and gave them a deck of index cards each card has a description of a behavior Moral items quotstealing pocket money quotlying to parents quothitting siblings with each of the index cards the teens are to decide if they have the authority over those items or if their parents do II I II I Conventional items quotnot doing chores calling parents by first names not cleaning after a party II I Personal items quotsleeping late on weekends talking on the phone quotwatching MTV teens and their parents had to choose who of them had the authority over each group of items FINDING there was no parentteen difference when grouping authority for moral and conventional items but parentsteens disagreed on who had the authority over personal items Piagetian Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor during infancy Preoperational 9 about age 2 Concrete operations age 68 Formal operations varies around age 1215 Formal Operations 4 Characteristics 1 Abstract Thought 2 CounterFactual Thinking run against facts 3 Probabilistic Thought 4 Systematic Thought Adolescent Egocentrism failure to distinguish your perspective from someone else s perspective Imaginary audience refers to imagining set of people in hisher mind Example I dropped my spoon and now everyone is watching me Personal fable teens believe they re so unique that nothing bad is going to happen to them may lead them to feel invincible Sleep less during middle school years study 2259 teens in 6th grade longitudinal study from 6th 7th and 8th grade ages 1114 Dependent variable sleep academic grades depression selfesteem Results drop in sleep with age ess sleep associated with increased depression ess sleep associated with decreased self esteem Moral Reasoning Kohlberg famous story about Heinz needing a new medication for his wife who has cancer man made a new medication but is selling it for 2000 and Heinz was only able to come up with 1000 and can t afford the treatment and considers stealing this medication from the man who made it Should he steal it or not after giving the class time to think about it Dr Cohn changed the story and added that Heinz doesn t love his wife Should he still steal the medication Changes the story again and says someone ASKED HEINZ to steal the medication for their wife because this man could not get near the pharmacy that had it because they already knew what he looked like Should he steal the medication Kohlberg s Theory of Morality Level 1 Preconventional stage 1 avoid punishment stage 2 get what you want by trade off Level 2 Conventional stage 3 meet expectations of important people stage 4 fulfilling duty upholding laws Level 3 Postconventional stage 5 sense of democracy and relativity of rules stage 6 selfselection of universal principles Adulthood 1985 12 of population over age 65 By 2030 1 in 5 over age 65 will have Alzheimer s 1985 17 million age 6574 8 times the growth ages 7584 11 times larger than last century 85 or older 22 times more people living than there were last century Developmental tasks specific social accomplishments typically expected to occur at certain age Aging from age 2085 during early 20s we re at our peak Levinson s Theory Male Development Enter the adult world age 2228 Age 30 crisis 2833 Settling down and becoming one s own man age 3340 Midlife transition age 4045 divorce change job affairs Mid Life age 4550 Transition and midlife culmination age 5060 Late adult Five Factor Model of Personality Neuroticism adjectives that describe this worrier vs very calm insecure vs secure selfpitying vs selfsatisfying Extraversion sociable vs reserved funloving vs sober affectionate vs reserved Openness to experience variety vs same routine imaginative vs down to earth independent vs conforming Agreeableness helpful vs uncooperative trusting vs suspicious soft hearted vs ruthless Conscientiousness careful vs careless organized vs disorganized discipline vs weak willed All groups neuroticism doesn t change over time between ages 3584 cross sectional study same variable over different age groups not the same people in the same age groups this may have introduced a bias by not also being a longitudinal study extraversion no change from age 3584 stable openness no change from age 3584 stable personality traits remain constant through adulthood
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