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PSYCH 3331 Week 2 Lecture Notes

by: Josie Patch

PSYCH 3331 Week 2 Lecture Notes PSYCH 3331

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Psychlogy > PSYCH 3331 > PSYCH 3331 Week 2 Lecture Notes
Josie Patch
GPA 3.456
Abnormal Psychology
Lisa Cravens-Brown

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PSYCH 3331: Abnormal Psychology Lecture Notes 1/21/15-1/23/15
Abnormal Psychology
Lisa Cravens-Brown
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Josie Patch on Saturday January 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3331 at Ohio State University taught by Lisa Cravens-Brown in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 122 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 01/24/15
PSYCH 3331 Week 2 Notes 012115 Lecture History of Treatment amp Views of the Mentally Ill Cont Early 20th century cont 0 Two new perspectives on mental illness cont I Psychogenic Perspective abnormal functioning has psychological causes Franz Mesmer treat hysterical disorders through trance hypnosis 0 Good for both physical and mental ailments 0 Where Freud started looking at psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud father of psychoanalysis o Unconscious processes cause abnormal functioning o Outpatient therapy go to appointments while being able to still live everyday life 0 Widely accepted by early 20th century 0 Other notable dates I 1946 Truman signs National Mental Health Act Establishes NIMH for research on mental illness 0 Advance understanding of human behavior reduce mental illness I 1950 s Behavioral therapy developed I 1960 s Lithium developed for use in bipolar do I 1963 passage of the Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act 0 1970 s massive deinstitutionalization I Even if they weren t ready I Many became homeless 0 1980 s 1 3 homeless people considered seriously mentally ill 1992 72 inmates overtly amp seriously mentally ill 0 Other statistics I 43 believe that people bring mental health disorders pon themselves I 35 consider mental health disorders to be caused by sinful behavior I 23 people with diagnosable d 0 do not seek treatment due to stigma O Research in Abnormal Psychology Clinical Researcher search for truths about nature causes treatments for clinical issues 0 Do not assess diagnose or treat individual clients 0 Clinical Practitioner assess diagnose and treat individual clients Can do both Difficult to 0 Measure what s actually getting inside their head I Could lie might not know out of touch with reality 0 Keep things confidential make sure no one else finds out information aboutpadent 0 Maintain ethical standards in studies I Can t induce illness on people Three main methods of investigation 1 Case Study a Useful because 1 ii iii iv v vi Study an individual or a very small group Detailed interpretative description of a person s life psychological problems Can be really useful especially for preliminary support for a theory May challenge a theories assumption Show value of new therapeutic techniques Way to study unusual problems b Limited because i ii iii 012315 Lecture Research Methods Observers are often biased Often based on subjective evidence internal validity is low Can t generalize to others external validity low 0 The Correlational Method degree to which characteristics events are related vary together 0 Use statistic called correlation r to measure relationship 0 R tells you I Strength of relationship 010 Closer to 19the stronger the relationship is I Direction of relationship look at the Sign Positive negative zero Positive Correlation both go up down together Negative Correlation one goes up while the other goes down Zero Correlation two things are not related to each other in any way 0 Advantages I High external validity I Ability to replicate study 0 Disadvantages I No causal conclusions allowed I Correlation does not equal causation The Experimental Method a variable is manipulated and the manipulation s effect on another variable is observed 0 Independent Variable manipulated o Dependent Variable measured Important to eliminate confounds o 3 ways to do this I Control Group I Random Assignment I Blind Design Alternative Experimental Designs 0 Can t always do an experiment other methods include I Quasiexperimental designs I Natural experiments I Analogue Experiments I Singlesubject Experiments


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