November 9th- Language Development
November 9th- Language Development HDFS 320
Popular in Prenatal, Infant and Toddler Development
Popular in Human Development
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacy Notetaker on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 320 at North Dakota State University taught by Dr. Rebecca Woods in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Prenatal, Infant and Toddler Development in Human Development at North Dakota State University.
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Date Created: 11/10/15
November 9th Environment amp Mental Development Home observation for Measurement of the Environment HOME 0 Observation and parent interview are used to assess quality of home life 0 Factors found to predict later IQ correlation Extent and quality to infant Parental affection Encouragement of new skills Stimulating physical setting Intrusiveness interrupting focused learning Early Intervention Better outcomes when 1 Start is early and support is for an extended duration 2 Services are centerbased and homebased 9 better Getting help from other people in multiple environments Great Programs Child Parents in The Carolina Abecedarian Project different environments Early Head Start Language 0 A complex symbolbased mode of communication 0 Limited number of words provide an unlimited number of messagesmeanings It s unique to humans in some extent How fast childrenbabies learn languages Theories of Language Development How do you become expert talkers 1 Behaviorist Perspective 2 Nativist Perspective 3 Interactionist Perspective 1 Behaviorist Theories a Operant Conditioning giving a reward to decrease increase that behavior 339 Begins with observation ad imitation How we learn behaviors 339 Reinforcement of correct and grammatical forms of speech further develop language November 9th 0 Problem Cannot account for all language learning Not very good at language learning Punish wrong grammar usage Not going to work as a single theory 2 Nativist Perspective 0 Noam Chomskv Humans have a speciesspecific capacity for learning language 0 LAD language acquisition device innate brainbased system for understanding universal grammar I Acts as a guide for interpreting input I No need for deliberate training E g prairie dogs complex learning and aw simple leaming 5yr old Language is universal but there are many differences in language Problems 339 New research shows many areas of the brain process language 339 Sensitive period for language development is gradual not abrupt 339 Little support for universal grammar Broca and Wemicke s brain9 Process language Huge variations on speech sounds Better ways of learning a new language 3 Interactionist Perspective 0 Language occurs through interactions between I Inner capacities and 1L Nature and Nurture I Environmental in uences 3 Information Processing View general pattern recognition paired with an innate ability to analyze statistical probabilities or associations Allow us to put together language component Babies are able to determine statistical probabilities SocialInteractionist View children actively strive to communicate adults provide language experiences Quality of interactions helps them to lean languages Progression to Talking 1 Cooing 2 months Early vocalizations 0 Soft repetitive vowel sounds November 9th I ahh and ohh I Cooing 2 Babbling 6 months 0 Repeating consonantvowel combinations I ma or da two or more times mama I Babbling The transition from cooing to babbling is called Maturational Process 9 Not based on experience they just do it Progression to Talking Distinguishing Speech Sounds 0 Languages differ in the number and types of phonemes used 150 phonemes in total9 just 45 are used in English 0 At birth infants can distinguish all phonemes9 for a little while They re ready to learn any language 0 Categorical Speech Perception By 10 months infants lose sensitivity to unused phonemes 9 they do not see the difference in certain sounds E g BaDa sounds in Hindi I That s when Perceptual Narrowing occurs 0 Phonemic awareness knowledge of permissible and nonpermissible strings of sound in one s native language I S t 9 does exist I D t 9 this sound doesn t exist in English I Acquired by infants by listening to speech I Aids in extracting information about words and their boundaries haDTo 9 7 months Progression to Talking Communication 0 Joint Attention shared focus of attention between two people 9 6months Eg pointing at things 0 Provides common ground for interpreting and understanding interaction 0 In uences cognitive development Body language to communicate9 pragmatics November 9th Progression to Talking First Words a Language Comprehension I Understanding of language b Language Production 39 Use of language 0 Comprehension precedes production Attach meanings to words
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