Lesson 17: The City and the First Urban Society
Lesson 17: The City and the First Urban Society Hist 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 11/10/15
Lesson 17 The City and the First Urban Society 0 1829 Cities begin to grow rapidly and expand throughout England 0 First two urban societies 0 England 0 Belgium 0 quot22 cities in 1800 o quot120 cities in 1900 4 classic ways a city grows o Fertility 0 Death rate Crucial 0 Migration in Crucial 0 Migration out Death rate increases dud to disease and overcrowding People flock to cities looking to work in factories as well as better education that can be provided Overcrowding and Disease o Cholera deadly disease that thrived in towns and cities Brickbasic building material of the 19th Century 0 The Slums of towns and cities housed the lower classes Highly unsanitary Catalyst for disease Mixture of feces and food No mode rn forms of sanitation Not much clean water 0000 I People didn t bathe very often 0 Overcrowding and unclean water led to the growth of cholera o Cholera first appears in London around the 19th century 0 Cholera happens when food and water become contaminated by human waste 0 Louis Pasteur Figured out what ca use cholera o quotThe Germ Theory of Disease 0 Great Britain tries to figure out how to combat this disease 0 Edwin Chadwick 1St to study how to solve the problems of sanitation Collected information 0 death and mortality in Britain Looked at the correlation between problems with disease death and sanitation 000 quotAn Inquiry into the Sanitation Conditions I Clean drinking water I Modern sanitation system 0 This led to the Public Health Act 1848 0 Give cities the power to address health and sanitation I Paris was especially proud of their sewer system 0 Sold tickets and held tours o Held boat trips and cart tours I People really excited about this new engineering marvel of the 19th Century 2 Social Problems of the 19th Century Cities 0 Alcohol Abuse 0 Drug Abuse Lots of pubs throughout cities 0 Few limitations set on alcohol purchase and consumption 0 William Hogarth 0 Artist of quotGin Lane 1751 I Depicted the heavy consumption of alcohol and its abuse 0 Opium 0 Was another highly abused drug I Opium dens I Many people would buy medicines including opium o Godfrey s Cordial o Contained raw opium 0 Mrs Winslow s Soothing Syrup 0 Similar drug to morphine o Bayer Company 1900 o Came up with new quotWonder Drug I Heroin Originally marketed as a non addictive drug that instead was the exact opposite and was pulled from the shelves