Lesson 18: Crime and Punishment in the 19th Century
Lesson 18: Crime and Punishment in the 19th Century Hist 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 11/10/15
Lesson 18 Crime and Punishment in the 19th Century 0 People associated the growth of towns and cities with crime 0 Crime rate increased dramatically during the first half of the 19th Century I La rcenyTheftRobbery I Different kinds of theft I Creation 0 f a new criminal class of professional criminals 0 Police began to keep records of previous offenders 0 People would steal clothes and then resell them 0 In the 1860 s amp 70 s British police would start collecting Mug shot of habitual offenders and kept extensive records or albums 0 19th Century 0 Creation of first profession al polices forces 0 Creation of the modern prison 0 Professional Police Forces 0 People had a lot of concerns regarding personal liberty 0 People believed that police would harass people especially the lower and working classes I Many thought that the police would become a quotClass Weapon 0 Would only protect the interests of certain classes and individuals and end up ta rgeting the lower classes British Model of police force was eventually copied in the US Metropolitan Police Act 1829 I Law in Britain that created a professional Police Force I Began as a relatively small force quot3000 officers I Often referred to as quotbobbiesquot or quotpeelersquot 0 Professional Force Characteristics I Special training I Uniform I Standardized equipment I Regularsalary o 19 shillings in the 1830 s I Paid by the government amp taxes from citizens I Rules and regulations of conduct 0 Common problems addressed 0 Drinking on the job 0 Sleeping on the job o Pnsons Meant to rehabilitate amp transform criminals 0 Crime and punishment before prisons People would be shipped to different locations especially the New Colonies Went to penal colonies and would be used for ha rd labor 0 Sort of like an indentured servant Australia started out as one of Britain s prison colonies Pillory aka the stocks 0 Spending examount of days or hours in public 0 People would throw things at you depending on the crime Execution 0 Very popular form of punishment 0 Dramatic increase of capital crimes 0 Property crimes I Government began to realize that this approach was not an ideal way of carrying out punishment Prisons o Modeled after the American approach 0 Walnut Street Prison Philadelphia 0 Sing Sing New York 0 Separated prisoners from one another and used them for useful labor such as weaving o Pentonville Prison London Relatively small quot450 inmates Separate cells for prisoners Useful labor for example weaving cloth Could leave only 2 times per day out of the cell for 000 exercise 0 Would be forced to listen to church sermons in a small confined box
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