Week 4 - SOC 112
Week 4 - SOC 112 SOC 112
Popular in American Family
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kara Brzostowski on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 112 at Illinois State University taught by Jennifer Woodruff in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see American Family in Sociology at Illinois State University.
Reviews for Week 4 - SOC 112
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 11/10/15
The Identity Spectrum Sex identified by genitals hormones testosterone male and estrogen female and chromosomes XY male and XX female male or female biologically o X egg ovum o X or Y sperm 0 125 years first period 51 years menopause I Time period to conceive o 28 day cycle 9 3 days for fertility 78 days without fertilization menstruation o Intersex both female and male genitals in between male and female Gender Identity social construction made up by societal institutions 0 How we view ourselves as a man or woman 0 Genderqueer both woman and man 9 somewhere in between Gender Expression presentation of masculine or feminine o Androgynous in between masculinity and femininity Sexual Orientation attraction to female or male sexually o Pansexual bisexual asexual Romantic Orientation attracted to female or male romantically o Panromantic biromantic aromantic Gender in the Family Instrumental Family Role 0 Leadership and decisionmaking responsibilities 0 Often economic provider for family 0 Most often husband Expressive Family Role 0 Housework and childcare o Fills emotional needs of family 0 Passive and pretty 0 Most often mother Changing Views on Sex Early Christian Traditions Based on idea of chastity Sex only during marriage Marriage is sacred Sex is not for enjoyment or pleasure 0 Limited positions for the act 0 It was only for reproduction Disobeying sexual laws was seen as sinful Protestant Reformation in the 15005 changed many views about sex Puritan Sexuality Sex was only allowed during marriage Marriage was the only legitimate place for sex and children Premarital and extramarital affairs were harshly punished Outlawed behavior included masturbation fortification buggery adultery and sodomy Plymouth Sexuality Capital offense included sodomy rape and buggery were punishable by whipping branding banishment and death Adultery o If woman was married both could be put to death 0 If man was married woman unmarried only a whipping 0 Not uncommon for more symbolic punishments Fornication was punished through fines Victorian Sexuality Men were entitled to sex Women allowed sex only after marriage Women expected to be virgins Men expected to have extramarital affairs and mistresses 0 Women expected to look away Women who were not white or poor were viewed as promiscuous Victorian Rules Women lose their property rights upon marriage Custody of children belongs to father unless they re younger than six Women were seen as unclean during menstruation and believed to be the carriers of STDs How does birth control affect women s place in society It provides power over her own body Allows for time to do what she wants before children Birth Control Illegal until 1965 Early birth control included sea sponges chastity belt and animal intestine condoms Birth control before the Industrial Revolution included intestine condoms douches of household items miscarriageinducing herbs and sponges amongst other cervical caps Birth control during the 19005 included IUDs rubber condoms douching cervical and male caps The top three uses of birth control in the US today include the pill tubal sterilization and the male condom Abortion 1859 AMA condemns abortion 1860 Beginning of the Birth Control Movement 1873 The US criminalizes birth control calling contraceptives quotobscene materials 1875 Every state in the US has banned abortion 1882 Diaphragm invented in Germany Condoms sheaths already being used by men Margaret Sanger American nurse who started the Birth Control Movement Coined the phrase quotbirth control then arrested for it Founded the Birth Control League 1917 0 Later known as planned parenthood 0 First birth control clinic Abstinence Encouraged due to high numbers of soldiers contracting STDs because of high prostitution use Encouraged condom use for men 19205 Rhythm Method developed 9 Natural Family Planning only acceptable method Enovid first birth control pill on the market By 1959 500000 American women used it Other brands and types still followed yet it was technically still illegal 1965 Griswold v Connecticut case instituted private use of birth control without penalty for married women 1972 Eisenstaedt v Baird case instituted unmarried women being allowed the right to use birth control 1973 Roe v Wade case instituted the legalization of abortion in the US
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'