Week 6 - SOC 112
Week 6 - SOC 112 SOC 112
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kara Brzostowski on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 112 at Illinois State University taught by Jennifer Woodruff in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see American Family in Sociology at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 11/10/15
Timeline 1800 5 of women working outside of home 1900 30 increase of labor because of industrial revolution needed cheap labor 2009 59 of women working outside of home The Great Depression 1920 s 1930 s Many women entered the labor force to supplement income Majority were married As a result 0 Many states produced laws limiting or eliminating job opportunities for married women 0 Kept women from competing forjobs with men 0 Kept women at home 0 Employment relief services often did not help women World War II 1940 s Large percentage of men enlisted in military Lack of labor force produce jobs for women 0 This induced wavy industry Government recruited women to work as a sign of patriotism Childcare funded for and provided by government However 0 Many women laid off when men returned to work 0 Childcare provided by the government was discontinued 0 Government courage women to return to quottheir place at home Changing for Women at Work EqualPay Job Integration Sexual Harassment Laws Equal Pay for Equal Work In 1872 Congress passes law that federal employees all make same wages despite sex In 1963 Equal Pat Act making it illegal for employers to pay a woman less than what a man would receive for the same job There are two equal pay acts What is the wage gap The difference in income between men and women On average men make 40668 per year while women make 30742 per year On average women will loose 522000 in unequal pay Today s Wage Gap Women earn approximately 75 per every 100 men earn today Resulted from falling male wages NOT increasing women s wages Why is there a wage gap Differences in pay forjobs occupied by men and women Rate of promotion and hiring ratio Difficulty maintain a job in a field occupied primarily by men Quality ofjobs available for women Consequences for pregnancy and prepostnatal care Less hours worked than men because of household responsibilities Pressure NOT to work The Childcare Debate Men can choose to have children and choose to be admitted to the workforce because they ve already established that women will be doing the caring work relieving them of the workfamily conflict The 1624 age group is most comparable to men s wages because of the minimum wage and not yet being in their career Occupational Sex Segregation Jobs that are separated by sex female and male The degree to which men and women are concentrated in occupations in which workers of one sex predominate Why is there gender segregation Women and men are socialized differently and choose t go into different fields Structural obstacles discourage women from entering maledominated jobs and from advancing once employed Social Networks Structural Homogenous networks same race sex sexual orientation work against greater integration of workplace Managerial positions tend to be filled through informal networks Solutions include formal mentoring programs recruitment from outside and establishment of formal integrated networks Problematic Personnel Practices Stereotypes still govern hiring practices Perceptions of motherhood is still an issue Homosocial Reproduction assumption that people like you will make decisions in the way you do
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