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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by min Notetaker on Saturday January 24, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at University of Washington taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views.
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Date Created: 01/24/15
Gender stereotypes What are the stereotypes ab Women and Men Culturally shared beliefs and expectations about the traits and behaviors of males and females socially assigned based on sex establish gender norms behavioral criteria Where did stereotypes originate Prior to Industrial Revolution every family member worked Cult of True Womanhood Home and family sphere Not working after Industrial Revolution Virtues Piety religious devotion Purity Virgin until married Mark of ownership Submissiveness weakness dependency to husband Domesticity Caring for the home Male Gender Role Identity Work place sphere Characteristics No feminine traits Successful Confident Aggressive Unrealistic standards result in three choices Accept the stereotyped gender roles and spend a great deal of time and energy on them Accept the stereotyped gender roles and fail Historical psychological outcomes Alcoholism Reject the stereotyped gender roles When do Stereotypes develop Developmentally Age 23 children recognize outward gender characteristics Pre operational cognitive thought Noticing thats man thats women Physical apearances Ages 47 Children develop abstract associations about their own gender Concrete operational stage begins Learn from their own gender Categorizing Ages 810 Children develop complex abstractions about both genders Stereotyping continues Doing your own gender thing not the other ones Adolescence Formal operational stage Identify development is a major social and cognitive goal Teens overcommit to gender roles relax later Sense of being a central Ego centralism Coming up with identity Why do stereotypes develop Cognitively Stereotypes are specific schemas organization of information cognitive categories based on limited experiences allow for rapid processing of experience constrictive in uence our own behavior Strengthened by illusory correlations Erroneous association of two events stereotypes prime illusory correlations Illusory correlations support steroetypes Ex quotWomen are bad drivers Sets a box that ignores other men who are bad drivers women who are good drivers and only noticing the women who are bad drivers In uence of stereotypes Behaviors Gender stereotypes provide behavioral prescriptions for how to do gender Gender is performative Everyone plays gender roles and everyone has audiences Complete adherence to one set of gender roles maintains gender divisions and inequality Doing heteronormativity mind set that everyone is heterosexual and normal Creating division of two boxes male and female Why does this happen Society is expecting norm comfortable safesocial mental forced Alternatives Evaluating and judging others and ourselves Binary gender division creates an ingroup and an outgroup sexismattitude animosity and discriminationbehaviors come out of Hostile sexism dominanceoriented paternalism Aimed at dominating someone else Display of negative attitude White male people with power NO apology Ex Men not allowing women to do certain thing Benevolent sexism protect paternalism Positive attitude towards the less powered group Ex Purity balls father gives daughter a purity ring women and children first guys being expected to pay on date chivalry Maintains compliance with gender roles Maintains distinct gender categories In uence of stereotypes Attitudes Toward women More egalitarian Stereotypes have relaxed over the past 50 years Benevolent sexism remains common Toward men largely still based on the standards of real manhoodquot Stereotypes remain narrow rigid and difficult to maintain Limiting to many men Women toward men attitudes are often ambivalent or negative Toward ourselves we tend to exempt ourselves from rigid gender stereotypes decrease the power of stereotypes over our behavior Stereotype threat tension and anxiety about potentially confirming a negative stereotype about one s own group Many lead to poor performance on associated measures
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