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Motivation and Emotion

by: Kristen Ward

Motivation and Emotion PSY 1013

Kristen Ward

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About this Document

Week of March 21, 2016
General Psychology
Alison Patev
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Ward on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1013 at Mississippi State University taught by Alison Patev in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 03/28/16
Motivation and Emotion Motivation  What causes us to it act  Homeostasis o A consistent internal state  Drives o Triggers that tell you that you need something  Incentives o Fulfill our needs Hunger  Satiation o Feeling full Hypothalamus o Monitors the different chemicals in the blood; specifically for sugars and hormones o Measures glucose levels to tell you if you are hunger or not Glucose o One of the primary energy sources of the body Insulin o Hormone secreted by the pancreas o Helps to absorb glucose Ghrelin o Secreted by your stomach and causes stomach contractions causing your stomach to growl Cholecystokinin (CKK) o The hormone that communicates that your intestines are expanding and you should stop eating We are motivated by the pleasure of eating Unit Bias o The assumption that a unit of sale or how something is packaged is an appropriate amount to eat Three Social Factors o Social Facilitation- Being around other people eating encourages us to eat more o Impression Management- When you are around people you do not know as well you are inclined to eat less o Modeling- We base our eating off of other people Obesity o A disorder of positive energy balance; More energy is being consumed than depleted Eating Disorders  Anorexia Nervosa o Characterized by self starvation o An intense fear of weight gain o A distorted body image o Denial of the consequences of being under weight  Bulimia Nervosa o Food deprivation o Engage in bingeing and then purging Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Need to Belong Permanence of Relationships Loneliness and Health o Loneliness is as good at determining life expectancy as it is to smoke. Terror Management Theory  We act because we are afraid of death  Anxiety Buffers o Anything that calms us or diminishes our fear o Worldview- Includes religious beliefs, political beliefs, and self esteem  Mortality Salience o How aware are you of your own morality o Scientists can promote this in people if you make them write about their own death and attend their own funerals  Why is this relevant? o Increased mortality salience can increase the way people vote, make decisions, and act Achievement Motivation  Motivation to perform well and achieve goals  Mastery motives (Intrinsic) o Come from an genuine desire to learn material or do something for its own sake  Performance motives (Extrinsic) o Learning something or doing something because you are getting something out of it  Approach Goals o You are trying to get a positive outcome generally the best possible outcome o Ex. trying to get an A on the test  Avoidance Goals o Trying to avoid negative outcomes o You don’t care about the best outcome you just don’t want the worst o EX. You just don’t want to get fail the test  Procrastination o People who use mastery motives and approach goals are less likely to procrastinate. o People who use performance motives and avoidance goals are more likely to procrastinate. Emotion  Three Components o Subjective thoughts and experiences o Patterns of physical arousal- o Behavioral expressions  Biology of emotion o Autonomic Nervous System- sympathetic and parasympathetic o Sympathetic- causes the fight or flight response o Parasympathetic- calms you down


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