Anthropology Notes 3/24/16~ Exam 3
Anthropology Notes 3/24/16~ Exam 3 2597
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2597 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Ehrensal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/28/16
Descent, Marriage and Residence Rules Patrilocality -patrilineal association -male stays with family of orientation after marriage -women come and live with the in-laws -womens labor moves the household -women centered households (polygyny) Matrilocality -women stay in moms location -men move in with in-laws -almost always in matrilineal societies -property in control of women Neolocality -young couple set up their own household -the pattern we are used to in the united states Summary -Kinship focuses on the family of orientation -Marriage focuses on the family of procreation -In most societies, relationships to ancestors and kin are the key relationships in social structure -Jural rights concerning transfer of property and social position Categorizing People Societies sort people into categories → categories are socially constructed (symbolic) but have material consequences (stratification and inequality) → based on markes characteristics (gender, class, race/ethnicity) Sex and Gender sex→ biological trait, physicality, sexual dimorphism (marked difference in primates in size between male and female) gender→ traits a culture assigns to and inculcates in males and females, vary with adaptive strategy Recurrent Gender Patterns (Male) Almost Always – Hunting – Smelting Ores/ Metalworking – Lumbering/Working Wood – Making Musical Instruments – Building Boats – Working Bone, Horn and Shell – Mining and Quarrying Usually – Butchering – Collecting wild honey – Clearing land – Fishing – Tending large animal herds – Building houses – Preparing the soil – Making nets – Making rope Recurrent Gender Patterns Recurrent Gender Patterns (Male or Female) • Making fire • Body mutilation • Preparing skins • Gathering small land animals • Planting crops • Making leather products • Harvesting • Tending Crops • Milking • Making baskets • Carrying burdens • Making mats • Caring for small animals • Preserving meat and fish • Loom weaving • Gathering small aquatic animals • Making Pottery Recurrent Gender Patterns (Female) • Gathering Fuel (e.g. firewood) • Making drinks • Gathering wild vegetal foods • Dairy production (e.g. churning) • Spinning • Doing the laundry • Fetching Water • Cooking • Preparing vegetal food (e.g. processing cereal gra Gender Among Foragers -generally men hunt and fish while women gather -when men contribute more of the food, gender stratification is higher -when gathering is prominent, gender stratification is more equal Domestic Public Dichotomy -among foragers activities are less separated than among food producers -when separated, public activities carry more status Sex-Linked Roles -division of labor is related to what your physicality and biology is ex) women of childbearing age summary → gender equality was a more likely ancestral pattern