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Development Chapter 7

by: alliemartinnn Notetaker

Development Chapter 7 NURS 2001

alliemartinnn Notetaker
U of M
GPA 3.51

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About this Document

Middle Childhood
Human Growth and Development: A Life Span Approach
Robin Austin
Class Notes
Human, development, Nursing, middle, Childhood
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by alliemartinnn Notetaker on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NURS 2001 at University of Minnesota taught by Robin Austin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Human Growth and Development: A Life Span Approach in Nursing and Health Sciences at University of Minnesota.


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Date Created: 03/28/16
Chapter 7 Middle Childhood Body Changes ● Growth ○ Average 7­11 year old gains about 2 inches and 5 pounds per year ○ Healthy 7 year olds tend to be agile and middle build ○ After age 6, muscle growth rate slows ○ Children master any motor skills that do not require adult sized  bodies Medical Care ● Reduced Deaths ○ Immunizations ○ Less lethal accidents and fatal illnesses ● Fewer Chronic Conditions ○ Better diagnostic and preventative care ○ Less secondhand smoke ○ Better health habits ○ Specialized programs Physical Activity ● Active play contributions ○ Better overall health ○ Less obesity ○ Appreciation of cooperation and fair play ○ Improved problem solving ability ○ Respect for teammates and opponents ● Sports Risks ○ Loss of self esteem ○ Injuries ○ Reinforcement of prejudice ○ Increased stress ● Avoiding Hazards of Active Play ○ Neighborhood games ■ flexible, active, interactive, inclusive ■ compete with homework and video games ○ Schools ■ often offer inadequate recess times ■ can provide school exercise ○ Sports leagues ■ additional opportunities for activity ■ less accessible to children from low­SES families or those with disabilites Obesity and Health ● Childhood Obesity ○ Many 6­11 year olds eat too much, exercise too little and become  overweight or obese ○ Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide, more than doubled  since 1980 ○ Childhood obesity correlates with asthma, high BP, elevated  cholesterol ○ Pester power contributes to weight gain ● Health Problems ○ Body Mass Index (BMI) ■ Used to screen for potential health problems and  risks ○ Childhood Overweight ■ BMI above 85th percentile ○ Childhood Obesity ■ BMI above 90th percentile Cognition ● Concrete Operational Thought ○ Piaget’s term for the ability to reason logically about direct  experiences and perceptions ● Classification ○ Logical principle that things can be organized into groups  according to characteristics that they have in common ● Seriation ○ Things can be arranged in a series; crucial for understanding the  number sequence, alphabet, etc. ● Information Processing ○ Maturing Corpus Callosum enables balance and improved hand­ eye coordination ○ Increased myelination increases speed of thought ○ Speed of Thought ■ Reaction Time= time it takes to respond to a stimuli ○ Attention ■ Selective Attention= pay attention to one stimuli  while ignoring others ○ Learning Math ■ Automization= process of repetition in a sequence  that makes things automatic ● Memory ○ Types of Memory ■ Sensory Memory ■ Working Memory ■ Long­Term Memory Learning ●


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