New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Development Chapters 9&10

by: alliemartinnn Notetaker

Development Chapters 9&10 NURS 2001

alliemartinnn Notetaker
U of M
GPA 3.51

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Human Growth and Development: A Life Span Approach
Robin Austin
Class Notes
Human, development, Nursing, adolescence, puberty
25 ?




Popular in Human Growth and Development: A Life Span Approach

Popular in Nursing and Health Sciences

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by alliemartinnn Notetaker on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NURS 2001 at University of Minnesota taught by Robin Austin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Human Growth and Development: A Life Span Approach in Nursing and Health Sciences at University of Minnesota.


Reviews for Development Chapters 9&10


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/28/16
Chapter 9 & 10 Adolescence Puberty ● First rush of hormones and beginning of full adult physical development ● Usually lasts 3­5 years ● Many more years are required to achieve psychosocial maturity ● Secular Trend ○ Each generation has experienced puberty a few weeks earlier, and  has grown a cm taller than the previous generation ● Glands Associated with Puberty ○ Pituitary Gland ■ Located in the brian ■ Hormones produced regulate growth and control  other glands ○ Adrenal Gland ■ Located above the kidneys ■ Produce stress hormones ○ Sequences of Hormone Production ■ Hypothalamus­Pituitary­Adrenal Axis (HPA) ■ Hypothalamus­Pituitary­Gonad Axis (HPG) ● Beginnings of Puberty ○ Gonads ■ Paired sex glands ■ Produce hormones and gametes ○ Estradiol ■ Chief estrogen hormone ■ Females produce more estradiol than males ○ Testosterone ■ Chief androgen hormone ■ Males produce more testosterone than females ○ Menarche ■ First menstrual period ■ Pregnancy is biologically possible ○ Spermarche ■ Development of sperm in the testicles ● Body Fat ○ Leptin ■ Affects appetite and involved in onset of puberty ■ Increase during childhood and peak at age 12 ● Puberty and Sleep ○ Circadian Rhythm ■ Day­night cycle of biological activity that occurs  every 24 hours ■ HPA hormones at puberty cause a phase delay in  sleep­wake cycles ○ Teens tend to have irregular sleep patters ○ Teens need about 9­¼ hours of sleep every night Physical Growth ● Growth Spurt ○ Sudden and rapid physical growth that occurs during puberty ○ Each body part increases in size on schedule ○ Height spurt follows increase in body fat, then muscle spurt occurs ○ Internal Organs ■ Lungs triple in weight ■ Heart doubles in size and beats more slowly ■ Lymphoid System decreases in size (only thing that  shrinks) ○ Skin and Hair ■ Skin becomes oilier and sweatier ■ Hair becomes coarser and darker ● Sexual Maturation ○ Primary Sex Characteristics ■ Parts of body directly involved in reproduction ○ Secondary Sex Characteristics ■ Not directly involved in reproduction but indicate  sexual maturity ● Nutrition ○ Many adolescents are deficient in their intake of vitamins and  minerals ○ Often result from food choices ○ Eating Disorders ■ Anorexia → Severe calorie restriction ■ Bulimia Nervosa → Binge eating and forcing food out of body Neurological Development ● Limbic System (fear, emotional impulses) matures before the Prefrontal Cortex  (planning, emotional regulation) ● Logic Shutdown ○ When emotions are intense, the logical areas of the brain tend to  shut down ● Positive Aspects ○ Increased myelination ○ Enhanced dopamine activity ○ Synaptic Growth ● Risk and Reward ○ Reward parts of the brain are much stronger than the inhibition  parts of the brain ○ Slower maturing prefrontal cortex makes powerful sensations  desirable ● Thinking about Oneself ○ Egocentrism → Leads young people to focus on themselves to the exclusion of others ○ Personal Fable → Belief that one’s thoughts, feelings, experiences are unique and more wonderful/awful than anyone else’s ○ Invincibility Fable → Conviction that one can’t be overcome or harmed by anything bad (inc. unprotected sex, drug abuse, high-speed driving) ○ Imaginary Audience → Belief that everyone is watching and taking note of your appearance or behavior ● Cognitive Thought ○ Formal Operational Thought ■ Piaget ■ More systematic logic and the ability to think about  abstract ideas ○ Hypothetical Thought ■ Reasoning that includes propositions and  possibilities that may not reflect reality ○ Deductive Reasoning ■ General to specific statement ○ Inductive Reasoning ■ Specific to general statement ● Teaching and Learning ○ Motivation ■ Cognitive perspective of development ■ Highlights academic disengagement typical of  middle schoolers ○ Causes ■ Puberty, alienation from teachers, peers ○ Entity Approach to Intelligence ■ Sees ability as innate and a fixed quantity ○ Incremental Approach to Intelligence ■ Intelligence can be increased by effort Identity ● Identity vs Role Confusion ○ Erikson’s 5th stage of developmental crises ● Areas if Identity Achievement 1. Religious 2. Political 3. Vocational  4. Gender


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.